Persuasions and Prejudices: An Informal Compendium of Modern Social Science, 1953-1988, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Persuasions and Prejudices

An Informal Compendium of Modern Social Science, 1953-1988, 1st Edition

By Irving Horowitz

Routledge

578 pages

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Description

Review essays and statements written for special occasions may reveal as much about the writer as those written about; this is the presumption undergirding this collection of thirty-five years of criticism and commentary by Irving Louis Horowitz. For this volume, he selected his comments on famous, near famous, and infamous sociologists, political scientists, and assorted literary figures in between. Taken as a whole, this volume will surprise and delight readers who are acquainted with Horowitz's other works as well as those who are interested in the people he writes about.

The book covers notable social scientists, from Arendt to Zetterberg, and such major figures in between as Becker, Bell, de Jouvenel, Mills, Parsons, Solzhenitsyn, and more than eighty others who have had an effect on the contemporary social and political landscape. Each is critically examined, sometimes positively, other times negatively. Horowitz was a major figure in his own right, and his writing here displays the kind of refreshing frankness experts will expect and the general reader will appreciate.

The underlying assumption behind the volume, giving its disparate parts a unified characteristic, is that together these observations on others amount to a general perspective on social science held by the author. Whether his larger ambition is accepted or disputed, there is no doubt that the volume provides a standard against which to measure the literary quality of writing in the world of professional social research.

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface

Introductory Essay

Part I: Philosophical Antecedents to Social Theory

1 Baendel: Sense and Structure in Social History

2 Diderot: Science and Society in the Enlightenment

3 Dilthey: The Pre-History of the Sociology of Knowledge

4 Durkheim: Staking Present Claims on Past Icons

5 Gentile: On the Social Theories of Fascism

6 Hobbes: On Power and Statecraft

7 Hook: Public Affairs and Private Lives

8 Kahler: History and Society in Retrospect

9 Lewis: Rationalism and Irrationalism in History

10 Machiavelli: Means and Ends in Nationalism

11 Marx: Marxian Myths and Pragmatic Dragons

12 Mill: Utility Theory as Social Theory

13 Natanson: Phenomenological Social Science

14 Oppenheimer: Closed Societies and Open Minds

15 Westfall: Science, Religion and Natural Philosophy

Part II: Development and Change

16 Alba: Politics, Labor and Development

17 Banfield: Misanthropism as Conservatism

18 Casanova: Democracy and Development in a One-Party State

19 Davis: Taking Lives and Developing Societies

20 Eckstein: The Rise and Fall of Counter Insurgency

21 Germani: Massification, Mobilization and Modernization

22 Haig: A Naive Sophisticate

23 Hoffmann: Schisms and Chasms in International Affairs

24 Hoover: Reactionary Immortality

25 Johnson: Middle Classes and Militarism in Latin America

26 Kumar: Prophecy and Postindustrial Myths

27 Levy: Modernization as Abstract Expression

28 Molnar: Intellectuals and Social Change

29 Moore: Personal Values and Social Change

30 Muste: Martyrdom and Vietnam

31 Pauker: Isolation, Intervention and World Power

32 Perlmutter: Multinational Parochialism

33 Porter: Power and Change in an Industrial Context

34 Portes: The Politics of Urban Research

35 Redfield: Anthropological Sociology

36 Schmitter: Militarism and Development

37 Smith: Class, Race and Pluralism

Part III: Ethnicity and Religiosity

38 Cuddihy: Manners, Civility and Civilization

39 Deutscher: Liquidation or Liberation?

40 Downs: First Amendment Blues

41 Elazar: Community and Polity

42 Fein: Bodies and Souls

43 Glazer: Ethnicity as Experience

44 Heartfield: Documenting the Holocaust

45 Herberg: Eclecticism in Search of an American Theology

46 Kuper: The Politics of Genocide

47 Neusner: Jewish History and American Destinies

48 Sombart: The Jews and Modern Communism

49 Timerman: Jewish Soul on Ice

50 Yanov: Anti-Semitic Linchpins

Part IV: Social Research as Ideology and Utopia

51 Becker: Sociological Pragmatism

52 Berelson: Behavioral Science as Ideology

53 Coser: Social Contexts of Thought

54 Crozier: The Rise and Fall of Practically Everything

55 Dahrendorf: Law, Order and the Liberal State

56 Dye: Is There an American Power Elite?

57 Ellul: Bureaucratic Illusions

58 Etzioni: American Virtues / Washington Vices

59 Gerth: Social Psychology in a Dismal Decade

60 Gitlin: Political Troubles and Personal Passions

61 Gouldner: The Warring Sociologists

62 Grana: Culture of Sociology and Sociology of Culture

63 Heilbroner: Is the Future an Extension of the Present?

64 Henry: The Banality of Culture

65 Janowitz: An American Rorschach Test

66 Mills: A Postscript to a Sociological Utopian

67 Myrdal: Personal Values and Social Class

68 Nelson: The Iconoclastic Imagination

69 Neumann: Malevolence and Beneficence in State Power

70 Parsons: Sociological Disinformation

71 Rogow: A Funeral Pyre for America

72 Rose: Political Pluralism and Democratic Power

73 Zetterberg: Sociology for Sale

Part V: The Ethical Foundations of Political Life

74 Arendt: Open Societies and Free Minds

75 Aron: Tribune of the Intelligentsia

76 Barnes: Privacy, Ethics and Social Science Research

77 Bell: From Ideological Ends to Moral Beginnings

78 Edel: Is a Science of Ethics Possible?

79 Ginsberg: The Responsibilities of Sociology

80 deJouvenel: The Tragedy of Triumphalism

81 Kelman: The Two Cultures of Policy

82 Lipset: Counterrevolutionary Values or National Interests?

83 Lynd and Lynd: Knowledge for Democracy

84 Solzhenitsyn: Revolution, Retribution and Redemption

85 Sorel: Social Theory as Revolutionary Virtue

86 Talmon: Visions of Revolution and Values of Europe

87 Weizenbaum: Knowledge and Its Values

About the Author

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC026000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General