This book locates the importance of Portugal's outstanding modernist poet and writer Fernando Pessoa in both a European and an international tradition. It evaluates the influence exerted on Pessoa's own work by his inheritance from earlier writers and thinkers in Portugal and elsewhere in Europe.
Introduction: Pessoa/Pessoas? Part I: Before Pessoa: Observation and Affirmation 1. Nietzsche and the Super-Pessoa 2. António Mora and German Philosophy: Between Kant and Nietzsche 3. Pessoa, Shakespeare, Hamlet and the Heteronyms: Studies in Neurosis 4. Masters and Spectres: Pessoa's Haunts 5. Going Nowhere in Voyage autour de ma chambre and 'Viagem Nunca Feita' Part II: Pessoa and His Contemporaries: Tracing Possible Identities for the Self 6. Ode Triunfal' with a Breakdown at the End 7. Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: Unamuno, Bernardo Soares and the Literary Gaze 8. Representing Pessoa 9. Saramago's 'Other' Pessoas and 'Pessoan' Others: Heteronymic Creation and the Ethics of Alterity 10. Tabucchi's Pessoa: A Legacy Repaid?