Petroleum Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Petroleum Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties

2nd Edition

By Abhijit Y. Dandekar

CRC Press

544 pages | 100 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781439876367
pub: 2013-02-21

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A strong foundation in reservoir rock and fluid properties is the backbone of almost all the activities in the petroleum industry. Suitable for undergraduate students in petroleum engineering, Petroleum Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties, Second Edition offers a well-balanced, in-depth treatment of the fundamental concepts and practical aspects that encompass this vast discipline.

New to the Second Edition

  • Introductions to Stone II three-phase relative permeability model and unconventional oil and gas resources
  • Discussions on low salinity water injection, saturated reservoirs and production trends of five reservoir fluids, impact of mud filtrate invasion and heavy organics on samples, and flow assurance problems due to solid components of petroleum
  • Better plots for determining oil and water Corey exponents from relative permeability data
  • Inclusion of Rachford-Rice flash function, Plateau equation, and skin effect
  • Improved introduction to reservoir rock and fluid properties
  • Practice problems covering porosity, combined matrix-channel and matrix-fracture permeability, radial flow equations, drilling muds on fluid saturation, wettability concepts, three-phase oil relative permeability, petroleum reservoir fluids, various phase behavior concepts, phase behavior of five reservoir fluids, and recombined fluid composition
  • Detailed solved examples on absolute permeability, live reservoir fluid composition, true boiling point extended plus fractions properties, viscosity based on compositional data, and gas-liquid surface tension

Accessible to anyone with an engineering background, the text reveals the importance of understanding rock and fluid properties in petroleum engineering. Key literature references, mathematical expressions, and laboratory measurement techniques illustrate the correlations and influence between the various properties. Explaining how to acquire accurate and reliable data, the author describes coring and fluid sampling methods, issues related to handling samples for core analyses, and PVT studies. He also highlights core and phase behavior analysis using laboratory tests and calculations to elucidate a wide range of properties.


I adopted Petroleum Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties for my course a few years back, and I still believe it is a good compromise between topic coverage and depth. … This book is an excellent gateway for engineers and scientists in training to understand fundamental petroleum reservoir rock and fluid properties. Prof. Dandekar presents a broad collection of topics, practice problems, and measurements techniques aimed to acquaint students with classic concepts, as well as traditional and modern measurement techniques.

—Zuleima T. Karpyn, The Pennsylvania State University

The author has provided very detailed information based on his extensive hands-on experience. Easy to read and understand, like sitting in his lectures. Starting from basic and easy materials and gradually moving to more difficult and applied concepts. Plenty of examples and case studies. The other point of strength is that the author covers both rock and fluid aspects in petroleum engineering. This is not only very useful for people who are interested in both topics, but also for people who are interested in only rock or fluid aspects, as they can go over the other aspect which gives them plenty of useful/relevant information which will enrich their understanding and/or lectures. A very good book suitable for both students and lecturers with plenty of worked examples and problems.

—Bahman Tohidi, Heriot-Watt University

Good continuity, easy to understand for an undergraduate student. Well illustrated and can also be used as a reference for practical work. … Material is well organized. The book may be appropriate as a textbook for a course like properties of rocks.

—Pradeep B. Jadhav, Maharashtra Institute of Technology

Praise for the First Edition:

An absolutely first-class piece of writing … a very full and solid work that is bound to stand as a reliable textbook for students and an essential reference for engineers. … of inestimable value to the target audience … enormously valuable … as an immediate on-the-spot reference to those already well immersed in the field. … No one writing about this subject for students in the future will be able to ignore this graceful and probing book so imaginatively organized.

Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 48, No. 5-6, 2006

Table of Contents


Petroleum Reservoir Rock and Fluids

Formation of Petroleum Reservoirs

Typical Characteristics of Petroleum Reservoirs

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources

Significance of Petroleum Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties

Preamble to Petroleum Reservoir Rock Properties


Coring Methods

Important Issues Related to Coring Methods

Types of Cores

Allocation of Core Data for Measurement of Reservoir Rock Properties

Handling of Reservoir Rock Core Samples

Types of Core Tests


Significance and Definition

Types of Porosities

Classification of Porosity

Parameters That Influence Porosity

Laboratory Measurement of Porosity

Nonconventional Methods of Porosity Measurements

Averaging of Porosity

Examples of Typical Porosities

Absolute Permeability

Significance and Definition

Mathematical Expression of Permeability: Darcy’s Law

Dimensional Analysis of Permeability and Definition of a Darcy

Application of Darcy’s Law to Inclined Flow and Radial Flow

Averaging of Permeabilities

Permeability of Fractures and Channels

Darcy’s Law in Field Units

Laboratory Measurement of Absolute Permeability

Factors Affecting Absolute Permeability

Porosity and Permeability Relationships

Permeabilities of Different Types of Rocks

Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Reservoir Rocks


Mechanical Properties

Electrical Properties

Fluid Saturation

Significance and Definition

Distribution of Fluid Saturation in a Petroleum Reservoir

Definition and Mathematical Expressions for Fluid Maturation

Reservoir Rock Samples Used for Fluid Saturation Determination

Laboratory Measurement of Fluid Saturation

Assessing the Validity of Fluid Saturation Data Measured on the Plug-End Trim for the Core Plug Sample

Special Types of Fluid Saturations

Saturation Averaging

Factors Affecting Fluid Saturation Determination

Interfacial Tension and Wettability

Introduction and Fundamental Concepts

Interfacial and Surface Tension


Fundamental Concepts of Wettability

Discussion on Practical Aspects of Wettability

Measurement of Reservoir Rock Wettability

Factors Affecting Wettability

Relationship between Wettability and Irreducible Water Saturation and Residual Oil Saturation

Capillary Pressure


Basic Mathematical Expression of Capillary Pressure

The Rise of Liquid in Capillaries and the Plateau Equation

Dependence of Capillary Pressure on Rock and Fluid Properties

Capillary Pressure and Saturation History

Laboratory Measurement of Capillary Pressure

Characteristics of Capillary Pressure Curves

Converting Laboratory Capillary Pressure Data to Reservoir Conditions

Averaging Capillary Pressure: J Function

Calculation of Permeability from Capillary Pressure

Effect of Wettability on Capillary Pressure

Practical Application of Capillary Pressure

Relative Permeability

Fundamental Concepts of Relative Permeability

Mathematical Expressions for Relative Permeability

Salient Features of Gas–Oil and Water–Oil Relative Permeability Curves Laboratory Measurement of Relative Permeability Determination of Relative Permeability from Capillary Pressure Data Factors Affecting Relative Permeability Measurements Peculiarities of Relative Permeability Data Assessing the Validity of Relative Permeability Data and Determination of Corey Exponents Significance of Relative Permeability Data Three-Phase Relative Permeability

Introduction to Petroleum Reservoir Fluids


Chemistry of Petroleum

Solid Components of Petroleum

Classification of Reservoir Gases and Oils

Five Reservoir Fluids

Other Hydrocarbon Fluids of Interest

Formation Waters

Introduction to Phase Behavior


Definition of Terms Used in Phase Behavior

Phase Behavior of a Pure Component

Phase Behavior of Two-Component or Binary Systems

Phase Behavior of Multicomponent Mixtures

Construction of Phase Envelopes

Phase Behavior of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids


Preamble to the Phase Behavior of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids

Brief Description of the Plus Fraction

Classification and Identification of Fluid Type

Black Oils

Volatile Oils

Gas Condensates

Wet Gases

Dry Gases

Behavior of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids in the Two-Phase Region

Saturated Hydrocarbon Reservoirs

Production Trends of Five Reservoir Fluids

Sampling of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids


Practical Considerations of Fluid Sampling

Methods of Fluid Sampling

Evaluating the Representativity of Fluid Samples: Quality Checks

Factors Affecting Sample Representativity

Compositional Analysis of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids


Strategy of Compositional Analysis

Characteristics of Reservoir Fluid Composition

Gas Chromatography

True Boiling-Point Distillation

Characterization of Pseudo Fractions and Residue

Other Nonconventional Methods of Compositional Analysis

PVT Analysis and Reservoir Fluid Properties


Properties of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids

Laboratory Tests

Adjustment of Black Oil Laboratory Data

Other Sources of Obtaining the Properties of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids

Vapor–Liquid Equilibria


Ideal Mixtures

Empirical Correlations for Calculating Equilibrium Ratios for Real Solutions

Equations-of-State Models

Use of EOS Models in PVT Packages

Properties of Formation Waters


Compositional Characteristics of Formation Waters

Bubble-Point Pressure of Formation Water

Formation Volume Factor of Formation Water

Density of Formation Water

Viscosity of Formation Water

Solubility of Hydrocarbons in Formation Water

Solubility of Formation Water in Hydrocarbons

Compressibility of Formation Water

About the Author

Abhijit Y. Dandekar is a professor of petroleum engineering at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. An active member of SPE, Dr. Dandekar is the author or coauthor of over 30 peer-reviewed technical papers, over 45 technical conference papers, and numerous research reports in areas as diverse as special core analysis, PVT and phase behavior, gas-to-liquids, gas hydrates, viscous oils, wettability alteration, and CO2 sequestration. He received his PhD in petroleum engineering from Heriot-Watt University.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical