Petroleum and Gas Field Processing: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Petroleum and Gas Field Processing

2nd Edition

By Hussein K. Abdel-Aal, Mohamed A. Aggour, Mohamed A. Fahim

CRC Press

397 pages | 16 Color Illus. | 153 B/W Illus.

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Description

Many oil production processes present a significant challenge to the oil and gas field processing facilities and equipment design. The optimization of the sequential operations of handling the oil–gas mixture can be a major factor in increasing oil and gas production rates and reducing operating costs.

Petroleum and Gas Field Processing providesan all-inclusive guide to surface petroleum operations and solves these and other problems encountered in the field processing of oil and gas. Fully revised and updated to reflect major changes over the past decade or so, this second edition builds on the success attained in the first edition. It delivers an expanded and updated treatment that covers the principles and procedures related to the processing of reservoir fluids for the separation, handling, treatment, and production of quality petroleum oil and gas products.

With five new chapters, this second edition covers additional subjects, in particular natural gas, economics and profitability, oil field chemicals, and piping and pumps. The book also contains worked-out examples and case studies from a variety of oil field operations.

Table of Contents

BACKGROUND

Oil and Gas from Formation to Production

Introduction

Formation and Accumulation of Oil and Gas

Life Cycle of Oil and Gas Fields

Finding Oil and Gas: Exploration

Types of Petroleum Reservoirs

Development of Oil and Gas Fields

Drilling Engineering and Operations

Reservoir Engineering Role and Functions

Production Engineering: Role and Functions

Principal Field Processing Operations: A Preview

Gas–Oil Separation

Oil Dehydration and Emulsion Treatment

Desalting

Stabilization and Sweetening

Storage Tanks

Gas Sweetening

Gas Dehydration

Recovery and Separation of Natural Gas Liquids

Fractionation of Natural Gas Liquids

Composition, Types of Crude Oil, and Oil Products

Introduction: Facts about Crude Oil

Crude Oil Composition

Classification of Crude Oils

Crude Oil Comparisons and Crude Oil Assay

Crude Oil Products

Composition and Characteristics of Natural Gas

Background

Sources and Origin of Natural Gas

Composition

Properties and Gas Specs

Natural Gas Processing

Applications and Uses

Role of Economics in Oil and Gas Field Operations

Depreciation and Depletion in Oil Production

Total Production Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas

Financial Measures and Profitability Analysis

SEPARATION OF PRODUCED FLUIDS

Two-Phase Gas–Oil Separation

Introduction

How to Handle the Separation Problem

How to Explain Theory of Gas–Oil Separation

Methods Used in Separation

Gas–Oil Separation Equipment

Design Principles and Sizing of Gas–Oil Separators

Optimum Pressure for Gas–Oil Separators

Selections and Performance of Gas–Oil Separators

Flash Calculations

Three-Phase Oil–Water–Gas Separators

Introduction

Three-Phase Horizontal Separators

Three-Phase Vertical Separators

Separation Theory

Separator Sizing Equations and Rules

CRUDE OIL TREATMENT

Emulsion Treatment and Dehydration of Crude Oil

Introduction

Oil Emulsions

Dehydration/Treating Processes

Heating

Chemical Treatment

Electrical Aid

Chemielectric Dehydrators (Emulsion Treaters)

Design of Treaters

Desalting of Crude Oil

Introduction

Salt Content of Crude Oil

Description of the Desalting Process

Electrostatic Desalting

Water of Dilution

Effect of Operating Parameters

Design Considerations

Troubleshooting

Stabilization and Sweetening of Crude Oil

Introduction

Stabilization Processes

Types of Trayed Stabilizers

Nonrefluxed Stabilizers

Main Features and Applications of Stabilizers

Crude Oil Sweetening

Other Treatment Options

Introduction

Case 1: Economic Treatment for Market Value Added (MVA)

Case 2: Economic Treatment for Sales Value Added (SVA)

Case 3: Other Treatments

GAS HANDLING AND TREATMENT

Sour Gas Treatment

Introduction

Gas-Sweetening Processes

Selection of Sweetening Process

Batch Processes

Liquid-Phase Processes

Direct Conversion Processes

Gas Dehydration

Introduction

Prediction of Hydrate Formation

Methods Used to Inhibit Hydrate Formation

Absorption (Glycol Dehydration Process)

Adsorption: Solid-Bed Dehydration

Simulation Problem for Triethylene Glycol (TEG) Dehydrator

Separation and Production of Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

Introduction

Recovery and Separation of NGLs

Fractionation of NGLs

Synthesis of Separation (Distillation) Sequences

NGL Products

SURFACE PRODUCTION FACILITIES

Produced Water Management and Disposal

Background

Produced Water Quality Characterization

Produced Water Treatment System

Water Treatment Equipment.

Offshore Water Disposal Equipment.

Design of Water Treatment and Disposal Equipment

Field Storage Tanks, Vapor Recovery System (VRS), and Tank Blanketing

Field Storage Tanks

Vapor Recovery System

Tank Blanketing

Oil Field Chemicals (OFC)

Introduction

Evaluation and Selection

Classification of Chemicals

Corrosion Inhibitors and Scale Inhibitors

Biocides

De-Emulsifiers

Surfactants

Desalting Chemicals

Pour Point Depressants

Chemicals Used in Gas Treatment and Processing

Piping and Pumps

Pipelines

Pumps

Appendix A: Conversion Tables

Appendix B: Values for Gas Constant

About the Authors

Hussein K. Abdel-Aal, professoremeritus for the National Research Center (NRC), Cairo, Egypt and King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Mohamed A. Aggour, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha

M. A. Fahim, Kuwait University, Safat

About the Series

Chemical Industries

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels