Phase-Locked Loops: Theory and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Phase-Locked Loops

Theory and Applications, 1st Edition

By John L. Stensby

CRC Press

400 pages

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Hardback: 9780849394713
pub: 1997-06-19
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Applications of phase-locked loops play an increasingly important role in modern electronic systems, and the last 25 years have seen new developments in the underlying theories as well.

Phase-Locked Loops presents the latest information on the basic theory and applications of PLLs. Organized in a logical format, it first introduces the subject in a qualitative manner and discusses key applications. Next, it develops basic models for components of a PLL, and these are used to develop a basic PLL model. The text then discusses both linear and nonlinear methods that are used to analyze the basic PLL model.

This book includes extensive coverage of the nonlinear behavior of phase-locked loops, an important area of this field and one where exciting new research is being performed. No other book available covers this critical area in such careful detail. Improvements brought about by the advent of the personal computer, especially in the use of numerical results, are integrated into the text. This book also focuses on PLL component technologies used in system implementation.

Table of Contents



The Phase and Frequency of a Signal Relative to a Reference

A Generic Problem

The Phase-Locked Loop

Basic Applications

Phase-Locked Loop Literature

Topical Outline of the Text

Modeling the Phase-Locked Loop

Modeling PLL Components

Modeling the Nonlinear PLL

Modeling the Linear PLL

Modeling a PLL with an Angle-Modulated Reference Source

Modeling a PLL with a Noisy Reference Source

Modeling the Limiter Phase Detector

Modeling the Long Loop


Linear Analysis of Common First- and Second-Order PLL

The First-Order PLL

The Second-Order PLL with a Perfect Integrator

The Second-Order PLL with Imperfect Integrator

Phase-Locked Loop Components and Technologies

Phase Detectors-Analog and Digital

Loop Filters

Voltage-Controlled Oscillators

Lock Detection


Nonlinear PLL Behavior in the Absence of Noise

First-Order PLL with Constant Frequency Reference

A Second-Order PLL Using a Perfect Integrator

A Second-Order PLL Containing an Imperfect Integrator Loop Filter

Effects of IF Filtering on the Long Loop


Stochastic Methods for the Nonlinear PLL Model

The Random Walk-A Simple Markov Process

The First-Order Markov Process

The Vector Markov Process

Noise in the Nonlinear PLL Model

Qualitative Nature of and Models for the Phase Error

Noise in the First-Order PLL

Noise in the Second-Order PLL

Numerical Methods for Noise Analysis in the Nonlinear PLL Model

Computing an Approximation to Steady-State p1( 1,Y)

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / Circuits / General