At present, ‘naturalism’ is arguably the dominant trend in both Anglo-American and European philosophy. Owing to the influence of the works of W.V.O. Quine, Wilfred Sellars, and Hillary Putnam, among others, naturalism both as a methodological and ontological position has become one of the mainstays of contemporary analytic approaches to knowledge, mind and ethics. From the early 1990s onward, European philosophy in the English-speaking world has been witnessing a turn from the philosophies of the subjects of phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism and a revival of a certain kind of vitalism, whether Bergsonian or Nietzschean, and also of a certain kind of materialism that is close in spirit to Spinoza’s Ethics and to the naturalism and monism of the early Ionian thinkers.
This book comprises essays written by experts in both the European and the Anglo-American traditions such as John Sallis, David Papineau, David Cerbone, Dan Zahavi, Paul Patton, Bernhard Weiss, Jack Reynolds and Benedict Smith, who explore the limit of naturalism and the debate between naturalism and phenomenology. This book also considers the relation between Deleuze’s philosophy and naturalism as well as the critique of phenomenology by speculative realism. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Philosophical Studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Phenomenology and Naturalism Rafael Winkler, Catherine Botha and Abraham Olivier
1. The end of what? Phenomenology vs. speculative realism Dan Zahavi
2. Naturalism, Experience, and Hume’s ‘Science of Human Nature’ Benedict Smith
3. Against representationalism (about conscious sensory experience) David Papineau
4. Deleuze and Naturalism Paul Patton
5. Exile and return: from phenomenology to naturalism (and back again) David R. Cerbone
6. Return to nature John Sallis
7. Phenomenology and naturalism: a hybrid and heretical proposal Jack Reynolds
8. Two Facets of Belief Bernhard Weiss
Rafael Winkler is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. He is the editor of Identity and Difference: Contemporary Debates on the Self (2016), the co-editor of three special issues with the International Journal of Philosophical Studies, the Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, and the South African Journal of Philosophy, and the co-founder and co-chair of the Centre for Phenomenology in South Africa.