The aim of this volume is to offer an updated account of the transcendental character of phenomenology. The main question concerns the sense and relevance of transcendental philosophy today: What can such philosophy contribute to contemporary inquiries and debates after the many reasoned attacks against its idealistic, aprioristic, absolutist and universalistic tendencies—voiced most vigorously by late 20th century postmodern thinkers—as well as attacks against its apparently circular arguments and suspicious metaphysics launched by many analytic philosophers? Contributors also aim to clarify the relations of transcendental phenomenology to other post-Kantian philosophies, most importantly to pragmatism and Wittgenstein’s philosophical investigations. Finally, the volume offers a set of reflections on the meaning of post-transcendental phenomenology.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Methodological, Historical and Conceptual Starting Points Sara Heinämaa, Mirja Hartimo and Timo Miettinen Part 1: Transcendental Philosophy 1.Transcendental Life Steven Crowell 2. Categories of Experience and the Transcendental László Tengelyi 3. The Transcendental Nature of Experience Bernhard Obsieger Part 2: Subjectivity and Intersubjectivity 4. Transcendental Subjectivity and the Human Being Hanne Jacobs 5. Husserl on the Factical and Historical Grounds of the Transcendental Subject Simo Pulkkinen 6. The Animal and the Infant: From Embodiment and Empathy to Generativity Sara Heinämaa 7. Transcendental Social Ontology Timo Miettinen Part 3: Mind and the World 8. The Emergence and Transformation of Husserl’s Concept of World David Carr 9. Phenomenological Sources, Kantian Borders: An Outline for Transcendental Philosophy as Object-Guided Philosophy Sophie Loidolt 10. The Bodily Feeling of Existence in Phenomenology and Psychoanalysis Joona Taipale 11. William James on Consciousness and the Brain: From Psycho-Physical Dualism to Transcendental Philosophy Richard Cobb-Stevens Part 4: Beyond Correlation 12. What is a Transcendental Description? Fredrik Westerlund 13. Transcendental Idealism and Strong Correlationism: Meillassoux and the End of Heideggerian Finitude Jussi Backman 14. "Die Kehre spielt im Sachverhalt selbst": Making Sense of the Twists and Turns in Heidegger’s Thought Niall Keane
Sara Heinämaa is a professor of philosophy in the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, and a senior lecturer in the Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies at the University of Helsinki, Finland.
Mirja Hartimo is a docent of theoretical philosophy at the University of Helsinki and University of Tampere, Finland.
Timo Miettinen is a postdoctoral researcher in the Network for European Studies, Department of Political and Economic Studies at the University of Helsinki, Finland.
"Phenomenology and the Transcendental provides a wide-ranging and thought-provoking exploration of the transcendental character of phenomenology. Encompassing historical and contemporary discussions, and including important essays by key figures such as Carr, Crowell, and others, it is a fine collection that demonstrates the enormous strength of phenomenology as a continuing and expanding domain of inquiry as well as its increasing interdisciplinary significance and engagement" – Jeff Malpas, Distinguished Professor, University of Tasmania, Australia