Philanthropic Foundations at the League of Nations An Americanized League?
This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the relations between US philanthropic foundations (in particular the Rockefeller Foundation and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace) and the League of Nations.
Generations of students and scholars have learned that the US, having played a key role in the creation of the League of Nations in 1919, did not join the organization and stood aloof from its activities during the whole interwar period. This book questions this idea and argues that, even though the US was not a de jure member of the League of Nations, the financial, human, and intellectual investment of foundations brought about the de facto integration of the US within the League system and also modified the latter’s architecture. The book describes the Americanization of the League and shows how it resulted from three strategies pursued throughout the interwar period: that of US foundations, that of the Secretariat, and that of the US federal government. The book also shows the limits of this Americanization and analyzes the role of the European experts in the coproduction of the postwar international order together with the US government.
This book will be of interest to historians and political scientists, as well as undergraduate and graduate students in interdisciplinary programs of international relations.
Introduction: Rethinking the Relations between the United States and the League of Nations
Chapter 1 – The United States at The Heart of The League System?
Chapter 2 – A World Ruled by Science: Philanthropic Universalism
Chapter 3 – A Global Health Policy: The Health Organization
Chapter 4 – The International Commission on Intellectual Cooperation and New International Power Relations
Chapter 5 – From Intellectual Cooperation to Economic Expertise
Chapter 6 – From Geneva To Princeton: The Dismantling and the Legacy