Philosophic Classics: Ancient Philosophy, Volume I: 7th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Philosophic Classics: Ancient Philosophy, Volume I

7th Edition

Edited by Forrest E. Baird

Routledge

566 pages

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Paperback: 9781138235021
pub: 2019-06-19
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Hardback: 9781138235014
pub: 2019-06-19
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Description

This seventh edition of Philosophic Classics, Volume I: Ancient Philosophy includes essential writings of the most important Greek philosophers, along with selections from some of their Roman followers. In updating this edition, editor Forrest E. Baird has continued to follow the same criteria established by the late Walter Kaufmann when the Philosophic Classics series was first established: (1) to use complete works or, where more appropriate, complete sections of works (2) in clear translations (3) of texts central to the thinker’s philosophy or widely accepted as part of the "canon." To make the works more accessible to students, most footnotes treating textual matters (variant readings, etc.) have been omitted and important Greek words have been transliterated and put in angle brackets. In addition, each thinker is introduced by a brief essay composed of three sections: (1) biographical (a glimpse of the life), (2) philosophical (a résumé of the philosopher’s thought), and (3) bibliographical (suggestions for further reading). 

New to this seventh edition:

Changes in translations:

    • New translations of Plato’s Apology and Phaedo and Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics and Politics from the acclaimed Focus Philosophical Library Series.
    • New translations of Plato’s Euthyphro and Crito.
    • New translations of Epicurus’s Letter to Herodotus, Letter to Menoeceus, and Principal Doctrines.
    • New translation of the Parmenides fragments.

Additional material:

    • Gorgias’s model oration, Encomium on Helen, which gives a defense of Helen of Troy.
    • A selection from Plato’s Gorgias on nature <physis>versus convention or law <nomos>.
    • Additional material from the opening of Plato’s Symposium to contextualize the dialogue.
    • Additional material from Plato’s Republic (Book IX) on the tri-partite soul.
    • Additional material from Aristotle’s Metaphysics (Book IV, 1-4, 7) on the nature of being and the so-called "three rules of thought."
    • A brief selection from Porphyry’s Life of Plotinus, giving a sense of the person.
    • Updated and reorganized bibliographies.
    • To allow for all these changes, a section of Book V from Plato’s Republic has been dropped.

Those who use this first volume in a one-term course in ancient philosophy will find more material here than can easily fit a normal semester. But this embarrassment of riches gives teachers some choice and, for those who offer the same course year after year, an opportunity to change the menu.

Table of Contents

Contents

PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BEFORE SOCRATES

The Milesians

Thales

Anaximander

Anaximenes

Three Solitary Figures

Pythagoras

Xenophanes

Heraclitus

The Monists

Parmenides

Zeno of Elea

The Pluralists

Empedocles

Anaxagoras

Democritus (and Leucippus)

Three Sophists

Protagoras

Gorgias

Critias

EPILOGUE I: TWO VIEWS OF ATHENS

Thucydides

Pericles’ Funeral Oration

The Melian Conference

EPILOGUE II: ASPASIA

SOCRATES AND PLATO

Euthyphro

Apology

Crito

Phaedo

Gorgias (482e-484c)

Meno

Symposium (172a-173b, 189c–193d; 201d–223d)

Republic (Book I, 336b–349b, 350d–354b; Book II, 357a–362c, 368e–376e; Book III, 386b-388a, 412b–417b; Book IV, 427d–445e; Book V, 449-462e, 469c-474a; Book VI–VII, 502c–521b; Book VIII, 562a–563e; Book IX, 580d-583a)

Parmenides (127a–135d)

Theaetetus (selections)

Timaeus (27d–34b)

Laws (selections)

ARISTOTLE

Categories (Chapters 1–5)

On Interpretation (Chapters 1–9)

Posterior Analytics (Book I, 1–2; Book II, 19)

Physics (Book II complete)

Metaphysics (Book I complete; Book IV, 1-4, 7; Book XII complete)

On the Soul (Book II, 1–3; Book III, 4–5)

Nicomachean Ethics (Book I–II; Book III, 1–5; Book IV, 3; Books VI–VII; Book X, 6–8, 9)

Politics (Book I, 1–2; Book III, 6–9; Book IV, 11–12; Book VII, 3b–4, 9)

Poetics (Chapter 6)

HELLENISTIC AND ROMAN PHILOSOPHY

Epicurus

Letter to Herodotus

Letter to Menoeceus

Principal Doctrines

Lucretius

On the Nature of Things (Book Two, 216–284; Book Three, selections through 831)

The Early Stoa

Zeno of Citium (selections from Diogenes Laertius)

Cleanthes—Hymn to Zeus

Epictetus

Handbook (Enchiridion)

Marcus Aurelius

Meditations (Book IV)

Pyrrho and Sextus Empiricus

Outlines of Pyrrhonism (Book I, 1–13)

Plotinus and Porphyry

Life of Plotinus (Chapters 1-2)

Enneads (I, Tractate 6; V, Tractate 1, 1–12)

About the Editor

Forrest E. Baird is Professor of Philosophy at Whitworth University, USA. He has overseen the seven-volume Philosophic Classics series since 1992.

About the Series

Philosophic Classics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI000000
PHILOSOPHY / General