1st Edition

Philosophies of India

By A. Reza Arasteh Copyright 1951

    Originally published in 1973.

    The volume is divided into four sections:

    1. The introduction places the position of the Buddhist Tantras within Mahayana Buddhism and recalls their early literary history, especially the Guhyasamahatantra; the section also covers Buddhist Genesis and the Tantric tradition.
    2. The foundations of the Buddhist Tantras are discussed and the Tantric presentation of divinity; the preparation of disciples and the meaning of initiation; symbolism of the mandala-palace Tantric ritual and the twilight language.
    3. This section explores the Tantric teachings of the inner Zodiac and the fivefold ritual symbolism of passion.
    4. The bibliographical research contains an analysis of the Tantric section of the Kanjur exegesis and a selected Western Bibliography of the Buddhist Tantras with comments.



    Part I: The Highest Good

    I: The Meeting of East and West

    1. The Roar of Awakening
    2. The Steely Barb
    3. The Claims of Science
    4. The Four Aims of Life
    5. Release and Progress

    II: The foundations of Indian Philosophy

    1. Philosophy as Way of Life
    2. The Qualified Pupil
    3. Philosophy as Power
    4. "The Dying round the Holy Power"
    5. Brahman

    Part II: The Philosophies of Time

    I: The Philosophy of Success

    1. The World at War
    2. The Tyrant State
    3. Valor Against Time
    4. The Function of Treachery
    5. Political Geometry
    6. The Seven Ways to Approach a Neighbour
    7. The Universal King

    II: The Philosophy of Pleasure

    III: The Philosophy of Duty

    1. Caste and the Four Life-Stages
    2. Satya
    3. Satyagraha
    4. The Palace of Wisdom

    Part II: The Philosophies of Eternity

    I: Jainism

    1. Parsva
    2. Jaina Images
    3. The Makers of the Crossing
    4. The Qualities of Matter
    5. The Mask of the Personality
    6. The Cosmic Man
    7. The Jaina Doctrine of Bondage
    8. The Doctrine of Maskarin Gosala
    9. Man Against Nature

    II: Sankhya and Yoga

    1. Kapila and Patanjali
    2. Introvert-Concentration
    3. The Hindrances
    4. Integrity and Integration
    5. Sankhya Psychology

    III: Brahmanism

    1. Veda
    2. Upanisad
    3. Bhagavad Gita
    4. Vedanta

    IV: Buddhism

    1. Buddhahood
    2. The Great Buddhist Kings
    3. Hinayana and Mahayana
    4. The Way of the Bodhisattva
    5. The Great Delight

    V: Tantra

    1. Who Seeks Nirvana?
    2. The Lamb, the Hero and the Man-God
    3. All the Gods within Us


    Heinrich Zimmer