This revised and updated edition of a standard work provides a clear and authoritative survey of the Western tradition in metaphysics and epistemology from the Presocratics to the present day. Aimed at the beginning student, it presents the ideas of the major philosophers and their schools of thought in a readable and engaging way, highlighting the central points in each contributor's doctrines and offering a lucid discussion of the next-level details that both fills out the general themes and encourages the reader to pursue the arguments still further through a detailed guide to further reading. Whether John Shand is discussing the slow separation of philosophy and theology in Augustine, Aquinas and Ockham, the rise of rationalism, British empiricism, German idealism or the new approaches opened up by Russell, Sartre and Wittgenstein, he combines succinct but insightful exposition with crisp critical comment. This new edition will continue to provide students with a valuable work of initial reference.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements Introduction Chronology of Philosophers 1. Presocratic Greek philosophy 2. Greek philosophy 3. Medieval philosophy 4. Rationalism 5. Empiricism 6. Transcendental Idealism 7. Later German philosophy 8. Analytical philosophy 9. Phenemology and existentialism 10. Logical positivism and falsificationism 11. Linguistic philosophy 12. Recent philosophy Bibliography Index