Writing for non-specialists and students as well as for fellow philosophers, this book explores some basic issues surrounding sex and love in today's world, among them consent, objectification, nonmonogamy, racial stereotyping, and the need to reconcile contemporary expectations about gender equality with our beliefs about how love works. Author Patricia Marino argues that we cannot fully understand these issues by focusing only on individual desires and choices. Instead, we need to examine the social contexts within which choices are made and acquire their meanings. That perspective, she argues, is especially needed today, when the values of individualism, self-expression, and self-interest permeate our lives. Marino asks how we can fit these values, which govern so many areas of contemporary life, with the generosity, caring, and selflessness we expect in love and sex.
Key Features of Philosophy of Sex and Love: An opinionated introduction
Chapter 1. Sex, respect, and objectification
1. Sex as inherently objectifying: the view of Immanuel Kant
2. Feminist theories of objectification
3. Nussbaum on the varying aspects of objectification
4. Challenges for Nussbaum's theory
Chapter 2: Objectification, autonomy, and pornography
1. Objectification and social autonomy
2. Social autonomy and adaptive preferences
3. A social perspective on pornography
4. The "pornutopia" and pornography's falsity
5. Beyond the heterosexual context
Chapter 3: Consent and rape law
1. A short history of the law of consent
2. "'No' means no"
3. Communicative sexuality and non-verbal consent
4. The Antioch Policy and verbal consent
5. Affirmative consent, sexual autonomy, and the law
Chapter 4 Sex work: commodification and capitalism
1. Sex work and the law
2. Sex work as a free contractual exchange
3. Sex work, commodification, and the specialness of sex
4. Commercialized sex in context
5. Sexual surrogacy
Chapter 5: Theories of love: the union view
1. Why a theory of love?
2. The union theory and its difficulties
3. The relationship of self and "we"
4. The "we" as a merger of ends and desires
5. Love and irrationality
Chapter 6: Another theory of love: love as caring concern
1. Love as caring concern
2. Disinterestedness and reciprocity
3. Love and autonomy in the union and concern theories
4. Love, autonomy, and deference
5. Love and rationality revisited: appraisal and bestowal
Chapter 7: Love, Fairness, and Equality
1. Union theories and balancing
2. Concern theories and deliberation
3. Equality and fairness
4. Why a theory of love, revisited
Chapter 8: Orientations of sex and love
1. Concepts, terminology, and history
2. The "born that way" and "not a choice" arguments: conceptual complexities
3. The "born that way" and "not a choice" arguments: ethical and political complexities
4. Orientations and values of sex and love
Chapter 9: Love and marriage
1. The nature of marriage
2. Is marriage a promise?
3. Gender and the institution of marriage
4. Is marriage bad for love?
Chapter 10: Sex, love, and race
1. Race in cultural context
2. Some Problems with racialized preferences
3. Further evaluation: causes and consequences of racialized preferences
4. Marriage and racial solidarity
Chapter 11: Sex, love, and disability
1. Disability in context
2. Physical disabilities and sexual surrogacy
3. Surrogacy, intimacy, and love
4. Intellectual disabilities and complexities of consent
Chapter 12: The medicalization of sex and love
1. Medicalization and the "Viagra narrative"
2. The social control of women's sexuality
3. Recent scientific study of women's sexuality
4. Non-concordance and the interpretation of desire
5. Lack of desire and eagerness versus enjoying
6. Medicalization of love?
Chapter 13: Economics of sex and love
1. Economics and love: what is the problem?
2. Altruism and the possibility of "self-interested" love
3. Economics and sex
4. Sex, love, and economic methodology
Chapter 14. Ethical non-monogamy
1. What is ethical non-monogamy?
2. The values of ethical non-monogamy
3. The "paradox of prevalence and changing the law
4. Challenges for ethical non-monogamy.