Phosphorus : Chemistry, Biochemistry and Technology, Sixth Edition book cover
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Phosphorus
Chemistry, Biochemistry and Technology, Sixth Edition




ISBN 9781439840887
Published January 7, 2013 by CRC Press
1473 Pages 432 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Over two decades have passed since the fifth edition of Phosphorus: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Technology. Major advances in chemistry, materials science, electronics, and medicine have expanded and clarified the role of phosphorus in both our everyday appliances and groundbreaking research. Significantly expanded, updated, and reorganized, this sixth edition organizes and explains vital phosphorus research and relevant information available in highly specialized reviews and references on select related topics.

An authoritative and comprehensive review of phosphorus chemistry and related technology, Phosphorus: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Technology covers historical, academic, industrial, agricultural, military, biological, and medical aspects of phosphorous. Furthermore, it offers a starting point for more extended studies of the highly specialized branches of phosphorus chemistry.

Although this book deals with a small fraction of the > 106 known phosphorus compounds, it thoroughly covers the simpler derivatives and most key compounds of economic, sociological, and biological importance. Extensively updated and expanded with tables, figures, equations, structural formulae, and references, it is ideal for scientists in related fields seeking a rapid introduction to phosphorus chemistry.

Table of Contents

Introduction and Historical Background
General Overview
Historical Survey
Classification and Nomenclature of P Compounds
Literature of Phosphorus Chemistry

Distribution and Environment
General Occurrence
Phosphate Mineral Deposits
Environmental Phosphorus

Atomic and Molecular Properties
Atomic Properties
Equilibria and Stereochemistry
Types of Reaction
Bond Strengths and Bond Lengths

Phosphides of Non-Metals
The Element
Oxides
Sulphides
Hydrides
Nitrides
Halides
Borides
Carbides
Silicides

Oxyphosphorus Compounds
Introduction
Phosphoric and Polyphosphoric Acids
Orthophosphates
Condensed Phosphates
Substituted Phosphates
Phosphate Esters
Complex Phosphates and Space–Containing Structures
References

Carbophosphorus Compounds
Introduction and Nomenclature
Phosphines
Phosphine Oxides
Phosphonous and Phosphinous Halides
Phosphonic and Phosphinic Halides
Phosphonous and Phosphinous Acids
Phosphonic and Phosphinic Acids
Phosphites
Phosphonium Salts
Phosphonium Ylides
Carbenes and Carbanions
Phosphoranes
Phosphorides
Compounds with one- and Two-Connected P Atoms
Compounds with Three-Connected P Atoms
Cyaphides and Cyanides
Polyphosphines
Polyphosphonates and Polyphosphinates
Diphosphenes and Related PV–PIII Compounds
Saturated Rings with Phosphorus and Carbon
Unsaturated Rings with Phosphorus and Carbon
Condensed Rings and Cages with Phosphorus and Carbon
Rings and Cages with Phosphorus, Carbon and Oxygen

Azaphosphorus Compounds
Nomenclature
Compounds of Phosphorus, Nitrogen and Hydrogen
Phosphazanes with P–NH Linkages
Phosphazanes with P–N–C Linkages
Phosphazanes with P–N and P–C Linkages
Hydrazides and Azides
Polymeric Phosphazanes and Cyclic Compounds
Cyclic Phosphazenes
Linear Phosphazenes
Monophosphazenes
Two- and Three-Connected Phosphazenes
Phosphazynes


Chapter 8
Metallophosphorus Compounds
Metal Phosphides: Introduction
Metal-Rich Phosphides MXPYX > Y
Ionic Phosphides
Phosphides with Complex Anions
Monophosphides
Phosphorus-Rich Phosphides
Miscellaneous Phosphides
Metallophosphines and Metallophosphites
Metallophosphorus Coordination Complexes
Complexes with M–P–C Bonds
Complexes with M–P–H Bonds
Complexes with M–P–Halogen Bonds
Complexes with P–M, P–O and P–C Bonds
Bonding Effects in Metal Complexes
Complexes with P–P Bonds
Complexes with Pn Units Bonded To M Atoms
Diphosphene and Phosphaalkene Complexes
Metallophosphene and Metallophosphyne Complexes
Metal Complexes of Cyclic P and C Compounds
Metal Complexes OF P–N and P/N Compounds
Polymers with Metal–Phosphorus Linkages
Miscellaneous Complexes Containing P and M Atoms

Compounds with p-Block Elements
Phosphorus and Boron
Phosphorus and Aluminium1,2
Phosphorus and Gallium
Phosphorus and Indium
Phosphorus and Silicon
Phosphorus and Germanium
Phosphorus and Tin
Phosphorus and Lead
Phosphorus and Arsenic, Antimony or Bismuth
Phosphorus and Sulphur
Phosphorus and Selenium or Tellurium

Biopolymers and Phospho-Bioassemblies
Polysaccharides
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids and Nucleotides

Biophosphorus Chemistry
Body Composition and General Biochemical Background
Nutritional Aspects of Phosphorus
Energy Carriers
Enzymes
Essential Bio Processes
Polynucleotide Functions
Phosphonate Metabolism

Applications of Phosphorus Compounds
Phosphoric Acid
Fertilisers
Animal Foodstuffs
Food Technology
Detergents
Water Treatment
Metal Surface Treatment
Pigments and Dyestuffs
Glasses
Phosphoceramic Constructional Materials
Industrial Phosphate Esters
Pesticides
Medicinal Compounds and Toxic Esters
Dental and Medical Materials
Synthetic Polymers and Fire Retardants
Pyrotechnics
Natural Products
Catalysts and Synthetic Reagents
Metallurgy and Metal Phosphides
Electronic, Electrical and Related Materials

Special Topics
Hydrogen Bonding
Stereochemistry and Isomerism
Pseudorotation and the Trigonal Bipyramid
Free Radicals and Short-Lived Species
Radioactivity and Radiochemistry
Migrations, Rearrangements and other Reactions

Analysis and Characterisation
Chemical Methods
Physical Methods
Biopolymer Analysis

Appendices
Atomic Data for the Elements

Hazards of Phosphorus Compounds
Properties of White Phosphorus P4
Properties of ‘Red’ Phosphorus Pn
Properties of Phosphine PH3
Properties of Orthophosphoric Acid, H3PO4
Abbreviations and Symbols
Conversion Factors
Shortened Journal Nomenclature

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Author(s)

Biography

Derek E. C. Corbridge currently resides in North Yorkshore, UK.

Reviews

Praise for the Fifth Edition

"The chemistry of phosphorus is so vast that it is extremely difficult to compress the important material into a single volume. Nonetheless Corbridge has managed to do this while at the same time making the material quite readable. The scope of the book is very broad, ranging from the extraction of phosphate rock to the role of palindromic sequences in DNA transcription, to metal complexes of P rings. The presentation includes a historical review which is useful and not belabored, but emphasizes fundamental synthetic transformations, structures, properties and applications."
—Thomas B. Rauchfuss, in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1996

"I have to conclude that not only does the book achieve good coverage but it also is well indexed, something very difficult for any author to achieve. Definitely recommended."
—Simon Cotton, in Polyhedron, 1996

Praise for Previous Editions

"...I do not know of any other monograph that covers the field of phosphorus chemistry so comprehensively in a single volume"
Angewandte Chemie

"...There appears to be no other book that so comprehensively surveys the current state of inorganic, organic, & biological chemistry of phosphorus"
Journal of the American Chemical Society

"1 highly recommend this book to the general chemical reader as a guide to a rapidly growing area of what has already developed into a major branch of chemistry. For an expert in the field of phosphorous chemistry it presents a fascinating overview, which is particularly valuable"
Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry

"...The frequent inserts and footnotes are bristling with information of all types and the same is true of the tables and the reaction schemes"
—Nature

"...a valuable contribution to the scientific literature"
—Phosphorus & Potassium

"...a fairly concise, yet remarkably comprehensive and well- referenced survey of all aspects of the chemistry of phosphorus"
Journal of Applied Crystallography

"...this is a very useful book which should be on every phosphorus chemist’s shelf"
—Chemistry in Britain

"The contents of this book will make it a standard reference for many years..."
—United Trade Press Ltd

"This is a superb scientific resource of interest to all those involved with phosphorus chemistry..."
Education in Chemistry

"I feel this volume should be a standard addition to the laboratory of any chemist working directly in the field or around the periphery of phosphorus chemistry. There is probably no faster way to get acquainted with the vast world of phosphorus chemistry"
Journal of the American Chemical Society