Photochemical Water Splitting: Materials and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Photochemical Water Splitting

Materials and Applications, 1st Edition

By Neelu Chouhan, Ru-Shi Liu, Jiujun Zhang

CRC Press

358 pages

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Hardback: 9781482237597
pub: 2017-01-25
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Description

Cleavage of water to its constituents (i.e., hydrogen and oxygen) for production of hydrogen energy at an industrial scale is one of the "holy grails" of materials science. That can be done by utilizing the renewable energy resource i.e. sunlight and photocatalytic material. The sunlight and water are abundant and free of cost available at this planet. But the development of a stable, efficient and cost-effective photocatalytic material to split water is still a great challenge. To develop the effective materials for photocatalytic water splitting, various type of materials with different sizes and structures from nano to giant have been explored that includes metal oxides, metal chalcogenides, carbides, nitrides, phosphides, and so on. Fundamental concepts and state of art materials for the water splitting are also discussed to understand the phenomenon/mechanism behind the photoelectrochemical water splitting. This book gives a comprehensive overview and description of the manufacturing of photocatalytic materials and devices for water splitting by controlling the chemical composition, particle size, morphology, orientation and aspect ratios of the materials. The real technological breakthroughs in the development of the photoactive materials with considerable efficiency, are well conversed to bring out the practical aspects of the technique and its commercialization.

Reviews

"…presents an exhaustive literature related to hydrogen generation from splitting of water by various methods. It will be welcomed by researchers as it fulfills the demand of the day."

— Suresh C. Ameta, Paher University, Udaipur, India

"…interesting not only to experts but also to beginners and students in the field of photoelectrochemical water splitting. The content covered will attract the broad readership in solar fuels from academia, and government to industry."

— Nick Wu, West Virginia University, USA

"Any courses related to Renewable Energy (as well as functional materials and solid state physics applications) could use this book. Prof. Ru-Shi Liu is a well-known scientist and highly cited in this field, so the materials presented are indeed trustworthy and of high quality."

— Lionel Vayssieres, Xian Jiaotong University, China

Table of Contents

Introduction to hydrogen as a green fuel. Concepts and definitions in photochemical water splitting. Water splitting technologies for hydrogen generation. Electrochemical water splitting. Oxide semiconductors (ZnO, TiO2, Fe2O3, WO3, etc) as photocatalysts for water splitting. Non oxide semiconductor materials for water splitting. Nanostructured semiconducting materials for water splitting. Giant sized materials for water splitting (supramolecular, dendrimers composite, etc). Fundamental understanding of the photocatalytic mechanisms. Photochemical cell designs, fabrication, performance, degradation, and diagnosis for efficient solar hydrogen production.

About the Authors

Dr. Neelu Chouhan is an Associate Professor and Head, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry at the University of Kota (India). She received her B.Sc. degree in 1989 from MDS University, Ajmer (India), M.Sc. in 1991, M. Phil. in 1993 and B.Ed. in 1996. She obtained her Ph.D. degree on Organic Conducting Materials from M. L. S. University, Udaipur (India) in 2006. She worked at the SRD Modi College, Kota (1996-1998), and at the Govt. PG College, Bundi (1998-2012) as a Lecturer in Chemistry. She carried out two years postdoctoral research fellowship from 2008 to 2009 at the Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University and worked on photocatalytic nano-materials for water splitting. Her research interests are organic superconductors, functional materials, nanomolecular devices and photochemistry of water splitting. She is the author or co-author of more than 30 publications in international scientific journals of high impact factor with good number of citations, contributed in 7 chapters and 3 books of national /international publications and has also been granted one international patent.

Dr. Ru-Shi Liu is currently a Professor at the Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University. He received his B.Sc in Chemistry from Shoochow University (Taiwan) in 1981, M.Sc in nuclear science from the National Tsing Hua University (Taiwan) in 1983, respectively. From 1983 to 1985, He worked at the Materials Research Laboratories, the Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan). He obtained two Ph.D. degrees in chemistry – one from National Tsing Hua University in 1990 and the other from the University of Cambridge in 1992, separately. He was an Associate Professor at the Department of Chemistry of National Taiwan University from 1995 to 1999 before he was promoted to a full professor in 1999. He also serves as an adjunct Pearl Chair professor at National Taipei University of Technology since August 2014. His research is focused on the field of Materials Chemistry. He is the author or co-author of more than 550 publications in international scientific journals. He has also been granted more than 100 patents.

Dr. Jiujun Zhang received his B.Sc, and M.Sc from Peking University in 1982 and 1985, and his Ph.D. in Electrochemistry from Wuhan University in 1988, respectively. He is now a Principal Research Officer and Core Competency Leader at the National Research Council of Canada Energy, Mining & Environment Portfolio (NRC-EME). Dr. Zhang holds several adjunct professorships, including one at the University of Waterloo and one at the University of British Columbia. Dr. Zhang is author or co-author of more than 400 publications with more than 20000 citation (h-index: 62; i10-index: 142), including 230 peer-reviewed journal papers, 18 books, 41 book chapters and granted 16 US/European/Canada patents. His research is mainly based on electrochemical energy storage and conversion. Dr. Zhang has been elected as the Fellow of the Electrochemical Society of Electrochemistry (FISE), Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC), Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada (FEIC) and the Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering (FCAE).

About the Series

Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013040
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Organic
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels