Physical Acoustics and Metrology of Fluids: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Physical Acoustics and Metrology of Fluids

1st Edition

By Martin Trusler

CRC Press

268 pages

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Hardback: 9780750301138
pub: 1991-01-01
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Description

The interaction of sound waves with the medium through which they pass can be used to investigate the thermophysical properties of that medium. With the advent of modern instrumentation, it is now possible to determine the speed and absorption of sound with extremely high precision and, through the dependence of those quantities on variables like temperature, pressure, and frequency to gain a sensitive measure of one or more properties of fluid. This has led to renewed interest in such measurements and in the extraction of thermophysical properties of gases and liquids there from.

Physical Acoustics and Metrology of Fluids describes both how to design experiments to achieve the highest possible accuracy and how to relate the quantities measured in those experiments to the thermophysical properties of the medium. A thorough theoretical examination of the alternative experimental methods available is designed to guide the experimentalist toward better and more accurate methods. This theoretical analysis is enhanced and complemented by an in-depth discussion of practical experimental techniques and the problems inherent within them. Bringing together the fields of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, fluid mechanics, and theoretical acoustics, plus a wealth of information about practical instruments, this book represents an essential reference on the design and execution of valuable experiments in fluid metrology and physical acoustics.

Reviews

"In summary, this book combines sophisticated mathematics with the practical realism of laboratory work and fills a much noticed niche in readily accessible literature in the field of fluid acoustics."

-Australian and New Zealand Physicist

"… a useful summary of much fundamental material that is currently widely dispersed in the literature …"

-Measurement Science and Technology

"… recommended as an interesting new introduction and guide for scientists, especially for physicists and physical chemists, who employ sonic and ultrasonic techniques for a study of molecular properties of gases and liquids."

-F. Eggers, Acoustica, 78, 3, April 1993

"I can recommend this book to scientists working in the field."

-Physicalia

Table of Contents

FLUID PROPERTIES FROM THE SPEED AND ABSORPTION OF SOUND

Introduction

Thermodynamic properties from the speed of sound

Kinetic information from the speed and absorption of sound

Transport properties from sound absorption at a surface

FUNDAMENTAL THEORY

Introduction

Propagation in an idealized fluid

Propagation in a dissipative fluid

Boundary conditions

CAVITIES

Introduction

The normal modes of an acoustic cavity

Forced oscillations

Boundary conditions

The parallelepiped

The cylindrical cavity

The spherical enclosure

The high frequency interferometer

RELAXATION PHENOMENA

Introduction

Translational relaxation

Molecular thermal relaxation

Chemical and structural relaxation

GENERATION AND DETECTION OF SOUND

Introduction

Radiation from point and piston sources

Vibrating elements

The piezoelectric effect

Capacitance transducers

Moving-coil transducers

Photoacoustic excitation

Waveguides

EXPERIMENTAL METHODS 1: STEADY-STATE TECHNIQUES

Introduction

The single-transducer interferometer

The double-transducer interferometer

Spherical resonators

Cylindrical resonators

Numerical methods

Choice of methods

EXPERIMENTAL METHODS 2: TRANSIENT TECHNIQUES

Introduction

Pulse methods

Reverberation methods

APPENDICES

About the Series

Series in Measurement Science and Technology

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics