1st Edition

Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, Volume 1 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG 2018), July 17-20, 2018, London, United Kingdom

    802 Pages
    by CRC Press

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    Physical Modelling in Geotechnics collects more than 1500 pages of peer-reviewed papers written by researchers from over 30 countries, and presented at the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics 2018 (City, University of London, UK 17-20 July 2018). The ICPMG series has grown such that two volumes of proceedings were required to publish all contributions. The books represent a substantial body of work in four years. Physical Modelling in Geotechnics contains 230 papers, including eight keynote and themed lectures representing the state-of-the-art in physical modelling research in aspects as diverse as fundamental modelling including sensors, imaging, modelling techniques and scaling, onshore and offshore foundations, dams and embankments, retaining walls and deep excavations, ground improvement and environmental engineering, tunnels and geohazards including significant contributions in the area of seismic engineering. ISSMGE TC104 have identified areas for special attention including education in physical modelling and the promotion of physical modelling to industry. With this in mind there is a special themed paper on education, focusing on both undergraduate and postgraduate teaching as well as practicing geotechnical engineers.

    Physical modelling has entered a new era with the advent of exciting work on real time interfaces between physical and numerical modelling and the growth of facilities and expertise that enable development of so called ‘megafuges’ of 1000gtonne capacity or more; capable of modelling the largest and most complex of geotechnical challenges. Physical Modelling in Geotechnics will be of interest to professionals, engineers and academics interested or involved in geotechnics, geotechnical engineering and related areas.

    The 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics was organised by the Multi Scale Geotechnical Engineering Research Centre at City, University of London under the auspices of Technical Committee 104 of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). City, University of London, are pleased to host the prestigious international conference for the first time having initiated and hosted the first regional conference, Eurofuge, ten years ago in 2008. Quadrennial regional conferences in both Europe and Asia are now well established events giving doctoral researchers, in particular, the opportunity to attend an international conference in this rapidly evolving specialist area.

    This is volume 1 of a 2-volume set.

    VOLUME 1

    Keynote and Themed lectures

    Modelling tunnel behaviour under seismic actions: An integrated approach
    E. Bilotta

    An example of effective mentoring for research centres
    C.E. Bronner, D.W.Wilson, K. Ziotopoulou, K.M. Darby, A. Sturm, A.J. Raymond, R.W. Boulanger, J.T. DeJong, D.M. Moug & J.D. Bronner

    Geotechnical modelling for offshore renewables
    C. Gaudin, C.D. O’Loughlin & B. Bienen

    Physical modelling applied to infrastructure development
    R.J. Goodey

    The role of centrifuge modelling in capturing whole-life responses of geotechnical infrastructure to optimise design
    S. Gourvenec

    Development of geotechnical centrifuges and facilities in China
    Y.J. Hou

    Physical modelling of structural and biological soil reinforcement
    J.A. Knappett

    Current and emerging physical modelling technologies
    W.A. Take

    1. Sample preparation and characterisation

    Investigation into 3D printing of granular media
    O. Adamidis, S. Alber & I. Anastasopoulos

    Undrained shear strength profile of normally and overconsolidated kaolin clay
    A. Arnold,W. Zhang &A. Askarinejad

    LEAP GWU 2017: Investigating different methods for verifying the relative density of a centrifuge model
    R. Beber, S.S.C. Madabhushi, A. Dobrisan, S.K. Haigh & S.P.G. Madabhushi

    Centrifuge modelling of Continuous Compaction Control (CCC)
    B. Caicedo & J. Escobar

    Shear wave velocity: Comparison between centrifuge and triaxial based measurements
    G. Cui, C.M. Heron &A.M. Marshall

    Development of layered models for geotechnical centrifuge tests
    S. Divall, S.E. Stallebrass, R.J. Goodey & E.P. Ritchie

    The influence of temperature on shear strength at a soil-structure interface
    J. Parchment & P. Shepley

    Development of a 3D clay printer for the preparation of heterogeneous models
    L.M. Pua, B. Caicedo, D. Castillo & S. Caro

    2. Engineered platforms

    Centrifuge modelling utility pipe behaviour subject to vehicular loading
    S.M. Bayton, T. Elmrom & J.A. Black

    Experimental model study on traffic loading induced earth pressure reduction using EPS geofoam
    T.N. Dave & S.M. Dasaka

    Physical modelling of roads in expansive clay subjected to wetting-drying cycles
    S. Laporte, G.A. Siemens & R.A. Beddoe

    Scaled physical modelling of ultra-thin continuously reinforced concrete pavement
    M.S. Smit, E.P. Kearsley & S.W. Jacobsz

    The effect of relative stiffness on soil-structure interaction under vehicle loads
    M.S. Smit, E.P. Kearsley & S.W. Jacobsz

    Plate bearing tests for working platforms
    G. Tanghetti, R.J. Goodey, A.M. McNamara & H. Halai

    Geotechnical model tests on bearing capacity of working platforms for mobile construction machines and cranes
    R.Worbes & C. Moormann

    1g physical modelling of the stoneblowing technique for the improvement of railway track maintenance
    A.A. Zaytsev, A.A. Abrashitov &A.A. Sydrakov

    3. Physical/Numerical interface and comparisons

    Millisecond interfacing of physical models with ABAQUS
    S. Idinyang, A. Franza, C.M. Heron &A.M. Marshall

    Verification and validation of two-phase material point method simulation of pore water pressure rise and dissipation in earthquakes
    T. Kiriyama, K. Fukutake &Y. Higo

    Centrifuge and numerical investigations of rotated box structures
    T.A. Newson, O.S. Abuhajar & K.J.L. Stone

    Multibillion particle DEM to simulate centrifuge model tests of geomaterials
    D. Nishiura, H. Sakaguchi & S. Yamamoto

    Trapdoor model test and DEM simulation associated with arching
    M. Otsubo, R. Kuwano, U. Ali & H. Ebizuka

    4. Scaling

    Variability of small scale model reinforced concrete and implications for geotechnical centrifuge testing
    J.A. Knappett, M.J. Brown, L. Shields, A.H. Al-Defae & M. Loli

    Modelling experiments to investigate soil-water retention in geotechnical centrifuge
    M. Mirshekari, M. Ghayoomi &A. Borghei

    Studies on the use of hydraulic gradient similitude method for determining permeability of soils
    K.T. Mohan Gowda & B.V.S. Viswanadham

    A new insight into the behaviour of seepage flow in centrifuge modelling
    W. Ovalle-Villamil & I. Sasanakul

    Applicability of the generalised scaling law to pile-inclined ground system
    K. Sawada, K. Ueda & S. Iai

    Permeability of sand with a methylcellulose solution
    T. Tobita

    5. Sensors

    Investigation of an OFDR fibre Bragg system for use in geotechnical scale modelling
    R.D. Beemer, M.J. Cassidy & C. Gaudin

    Free fall cone tests in kaolin clay
    A. Bezuijen, D.A. den Hamer, L. Vincke & K. Geirnaert

    A new shared miniature cone penetrometer for centrifuge testing
    T. Carey, A. Gavras, B. Kutter, S.K. Haigh, S.P.G. Madabhushi, M. Okamura, D.S. Kim, K. Ueda,W.Y. Hung, Y.G. Zhou, K. Liu, Y.M. Chen, M. Zeghal, T. Abdoun, S. Escoffier & M. Manzari

    Shear wave velocity measurement in a large geotechnical laminar box using bender elements
    J. Colletti, A. Tessari, K. Sett, W. Hoffman & J. Coleman

    Low cost tensiometers for geotechnical applications
    S.W. Jacobsz

    A field model investigating pipeline leak detection using discrete fibre optic sensors
    S.I. Jahnke, S.W. Jacobsz & E.P. Kearsley

    Development of an instrumented model pile
    A.B. Lundberg,W. Broere & J. Dijkstra

    New method for full field measurement of pore water pressures
    M. Ottolini,W. Broere & J. Dijkstra

    Ambient pressure calibration for cone penetrometer test: Necessary?
    Y.Wang, Y. Hu & M.S. Hossain

    6. Modelling techniques

    Development of a rainfall simulator in centrifuge using Modified Mariotte’s principle
    D. Bhattacherjee & B.V.S. Viswanadham

    Development of model structural dampers for dynamic centrifuge testing
    J. Boksmati, S.P.G. Madabhushi & N.I. Thusyanthan

    Experimental evaluation of two-stage scaling in physical modelling of soil-foundation-structure systems
    A. Borghei & M. Ghayoomi

    Development of a window laminar strong box
    S.C. Chian, C. Qin & Z. Zhang

    Ground-borne vibrations from piles: Testing within a geotechnical centrifuge
    G. Cui, C.M. Heron &A.M. Marshall

    A new Stockwell mean square frequency methodology for analysing centrifuge data
    J. Dafni & J.Wartman

    Novel experimental device to simulate tsunami loading in a geotechnical centrifuge
    M.C. Exton, S. Harry, H.B. Mason, H. Yeh & B.L. Kutter

    A new apparatus to examine the role of seepage flow on internal instability of model soil
    F. Gaber & E.T. Bowman

    Centrifuge model test on the instability of an excavator descending a slope
    T. Hori & S. Tamate

    Transparent soils turn 25: Past, present, and future
    M. Iskander

    Application of 3D printing technology in geotechnical-physical modelling: Tentative experiment practice
    Q. Jiang, L.F. Li, M. Zhang & L.B. Song

    Scaling of plant roots for geotechnical centrifuge tests using juvenile live roots or 3D printed analogues
    T. Liang, J.A. Knappett, G.J. Meijer, D. MuirWood, A.G. Bengough, K.W. Loades & P.D. Hallett

    Revisit of the empirical prediction methods for liquefaction-induced lateral spread by using the LEAP centrifuge model tests
    K. Liu, Y.G. Zhou, Y. She, P. Xia, Y.M. Chen, D.S. Ling & B. Huang

    Physical modelling of atmospheric conditions during drying
    C. Lozada, B. Caicedo & L. Thorel

    Centrifuge model tests on excavation in Shanghai clay using in-flight excavation tools
    X.F. Ma & J.W. Xu

    Effect of root spacing on interpretation of blade penetration tests—full-scale physical modelling
    G.J. Meijer, J.A. Knappett, A.G. Bengough, K.W. Loades & B.C. Nicoll

    Development of a centrifuge testing method for stability analyses of breakwater foundation under combined actions of earthquake and tsunami
    J. Miyamoto, K. Tsurugasaki, R. Hem, T. Matsuda & K. Maeda

    Modelling of rocking structures in a centrifuge
    I. Pelekis, G.S.P. Madabhushi & M.J. DeJong

    A new test setup for studying sand behaviour inside an immersed tunnel joint gap
    R. Rahadian, S. van derWoude, D.Wilschut, C.B.M. Blom &W. Broere

    3D printing of masonry structures for centrifuge modelling
    S. Ritter, M.J. DeJong, G. Giardina & R.J. Mair

    A mechanical displacement control model tunnel for simulating eccentric ground loss in the centrifuge
    G. Song, A.M. Marshall & C.M. Heron

    Preliminary results of laboratory analysis of sand fluidisation
    F.S. Tehrani, A. Askarinejad & F. Schenkeveld

    Rolling test in geotechnical centrifuge for ore liquefaction analysis
    L. Thorel, P. Audrain, A. Néel, A. Bretschneider, M. Blanc & F. Saboya

    Design and performance of an electro-mechanical pile driving hammer for geo-centrifuge
    J.C.B. van Zeben, C. Azúa-González, M. Alvarez Grima, C. van ‘t Hof &A. Askarinejad

    A new heating-cooling system for centrifuge testing of thermo-active geo-structures
    D. Vitali, A.K. Leung, R. Zhao & J.A. Knappett

    Physical modelling of soil-structure interaction of tree root systems under lateral loads
    X. Zhang, J.A. Knappett, A.K. Leung &T. Liang

    7. Facilities

    A new environmental chamber for the HKUST centrifuge facility
    A. Archer & C.W.W. Ng

    Upgrades to the NHRI – 400 g-tonne geotechnical centrifuge
    S.S. Chen, X.W. Gu, G.F. Ren,W.M. Zhang, N.X.Wang, G.M. Xu,W. Liu, J.Z. Hong &Y.B. Cheng

    A new 240 g-tonne geotechnical centrifuge at the University of Western Australia
    C. Gaudin, C.D. O’Loughlin & J. Breen

    Development of a rainfall simulator for climate modelling
    I.U. Khan, M. Al-Fergani & J.A. Black

    The development of a small centrifuge for testing unsaturated soils
    K.A. Kwa & D.W. Airey

    Full scale laminar box for 1-g physical modelling of liquefaction
    S. Thevanayagam, Q. Huang, M.C. Constantinou, T. Abdoun & R. Dobry

    8. Education

    Using small-scale seepage physical models to generate didactic material for soil mechanics classes
    L.B. Becker, R.M. Linhares, F.S. Oliveira & F.L. Marques

    Centrifuge modelling in the undergraduate curriculum—a 5 year reflection
    J.A. Black, S.M. Bayton, A. Cargill &A. Tatari

    Geotechnical centrifuge facility for teaching at City, University of London
    S. Divall, S.E. Stallebrass, R.J. Goodey, R.N. Taylor &A.M. McNamara

    Development of a teaching centrifuge learning environment using mechanically stabilized earth walls
    A.F. Tessari & J.A. Black

    9. Offshore

    Development of a series of 2D backfill ploughing physical models for pipelines and cables
    T. Bizzotto, M.J. Brown, A.J. Brennan, T. Powell & H. Chandler

    Capacity of vertical and horizontal plate anchors in sand under normal and shear loading
    S.H. Chow, J. Le, M. Forsyth & C.D. O’Loughlin

    A novel experimental-numerical approach to model buried pipes subjected to reverse faulting
    R.Y. Khaksar, M. Moradi &A. Ghalandarzadeh

    Wave-induced liquefaction and floatation of pipeline buried in sand beds
    J. Miyamoto, K. Tsurugasaki & S. Sassa

    Surface pipeline buckling on clay: Demonstration
    R. Phillips, J. Barrett & G. Piercey

    Centrifuge modelling for lateral pile-soil pressure on passive part of pile group with platform
    G.F. Ren, G.M. Xu, X.W. Gu, Z.Y. Cai, B.X. Shi &A.Z. Chen

    Centrifuge model tests and circular slip analyses to evaluate reinforced composite-type breakwater stability against tsunami
    H. Takahashi, S. Sassa, Y. Morikawa & K. Maruyama

    10. Offshore – shallow foundations

    Centrifuge tests on the influence of vacuum on wave impact on a caisson
    D.A. de Lange, A. Bezuijen &T. Tobita

    Physical modelling of active suction for offshore renewables
    N. Fiumana, C. Gaudin, Y. Tian & C.D. O’Loughlin

    Cyclic behaviour of unit bucket for tripod foundation system under various loading characteristics via centrifuge
    Y.H. Jeong, H.J. Park, D.S. Kim & J.H. Kim

    Physical modelling of reinstallation of a novel spudcan nearby existing footprint
    M.J. Jun, Y.H. Kim, M.S. Hossain, M.J. Cassidy, Y. Hu & S.G. Park

    Reduction in soil penetration resistance for suction-assisted installation of bucket foundation in sand
    A.K. Koteras & L.B. Ibsen

    Evaluation of seismic coefficient for gravity quay wall via centrifuge modelling
    M.G. Lee, J.G. Ha, H.J. Park, D.S. Kim & S.B. Jo

    Sleeve effect on the post-consolidation extraction resistance of spudcan foundation in overconsolidated clay
    Y.P. Li & J.Y. Shi

    Measuring the behaviour of dual row retaining walls in dry sands using centrifuge tests
    S.S.C. Madabhushi & S.K. Haigh

    Verification of improvement plan for seismic retrofits of existing quay wall in small scale fishing port
    K. Mikasa & K. Okabayashi

    Visualisation of mechanisms governing suction bucket installation in dense sand
    R. Ragni, B. Bienen, S.A. Stanier, M.J. Cassidy & C.D. O’Loughlin

    Recent advances in tsunami-seabed-structure interaction from geotechnical and hydrodynamic perspectives: Role of overflow/seepage coupling
    S. Sassa

    Evaluation of seismic behaviour of reinforced earth wall based on design practices and centrifuge model tests
    Y. Sawamura, T. Shibata & M. Kimura

    Centrifuge tests investigating the effect of suction caisson installation in dense sand on the state of the soil plug
    M. Stapelfeldt, B. Bienen & J. Grabe

    Centrifuge model tests on stabilisation countermeasures of a composite breakwater under tsunami actions
    K. Tsurugasaki, J. Miyamoto, R. Hem, T. Iwamoto & H. Nakase

    Interaction between jack-up spudcan and adjacent piles with non-perfect pile cap
    Y. Xie, C.F. Leung &Y.K. Chow

    11. Offshore – deep foundations

    Centrifuge modelling of long term cyclic lateral loading on monopiles
    S.M. Bayton, J.A. Black & R.T. Klinkvort

    Centrifuge modelling of screw piles for offshore wind energy foundations
    C. Davidson, T. Al-Baghdadi, M.J. Brown, A. Brennan, J.A. Knappett, C. Augarde, W. Coombs, L.Wang, D.J. Richards, A. Blake & J. Ball

    General study on the axial capacity of piles of offshore wind turbines jacked in sand
    I. El Haffar, M. Blanc & L. Thorel

    Dynamic load tests on large diameter open-ended piles in sand performed in the centrifuge
    E. Heins, B. Bienen, M.F. Randolph & J. Grabe

    Centrifuge model tests on holding capacity of suction anchors in sandy deposits
    K. Kita, T. Utsunomiya & K. Sekita

    A review of modelling effects in centrifuge monopile testing in sand
    R.T. Klinkvort, J.A. Black, S.M. Bayton, S.K. Haigh, G.S.P. Madabhushi, M. Blanc, L. Thorel, V. Zania, B. Bienen & C. Gaudin

    Experimental modelling of the effects of scour on offshore wind turbine monopile foundations
    R.O. Mayall, R.A. McAdam, B.W. Byrne, H.J. Burd, B.B. Sheil, P. Cassie & R.J.S. Whitehouse

    Centrifuge tests on the response of piles under cyclic lateral 1-way and 2-way loading
    C. Niemann, O. Reul, Y. Tian, C.D. O’Loughlin & M.J. Cassidy

    Physical modelling of monopile foundations under variable cyclic lateral loading
    I.A. Richards, B.W. Byrne & G.T. Houlsby

    Centrifuge model testing of fin piles in sand
    S. Sayles, K.J.L. Stone, M. Diakoumi & D.J. Richards

    Dynamic behaviour evaluation of offshore wind turbine using geotechnical centrifuge tests
    J.T. Seong, J.H. Kim & D.S. Kim

    An investigation on the performance of a self-installing monopiled GBS structure under lateral loading
    K.J.L. Stone, A. Tillman & M. Vaziri

    Model tests on the lateral cyclic responses of a caisson-piles foundation under scour
    C.R. Zhang, H.W. Tang & M.S. Huang

    Comparison of centrifuge model tests of tetrapod piled jacket foundation in saturated sand and clay
    B. Zhu, K.Wen, L.J.Wang &Y.M. Chen


    Andrew McNamara, Sam Divall, Richard Goodey, Neil Taylor, Sarah Stallebrass and Jignasha Panchal work at City, University of London, UK.