1st Edition

Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, Volume 2 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG 2018), July 17-20, 2018, London, United Kingdom

    Physical Modelling in Geotechnics collects more than 1500 pages of peer-reviewed papers written by researchers from over 30 countries, and presented at the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics 2018 (City, University of London, UK 17-20 July 2018). The ICPMG series has grown such that two volumes of proceedings were required to publish all contributions. The books represent a substantial body of work in four years. Physical Modelling in Geotechnics contains 230 papers, including eight keynote and themed lectures representing the state-of-the-art in physical modelling research in aspects as diverse as fundamental modelling including sensors, imaging, modelling techniques and scaling, onshore and offshore foundations, dams and embankments, retaining walls and deep excavations, ground improvement and environmental engineering, tunnels and geohazards including significant contributions in the area of seismic engineering. ISSMGE TC104 have identified areas for special attention including education in physical modelling and the promotion of physical modelling to industry. With this in mind there is a special themed paper on education, focusing on both undergraduate and postgraduate teaching as well as practicing geotechnical engineers.

    Physical modelling has entered a new era with the advent of exciting work on real time interfaces between physical and numerical modelling and the growth of facilities and expertise that enable development of so called ‘megafuges’ of 1000gtonne capacity or more; capable of modelling the largest and most complex of geotechnical challenges. Physical Modelling in Geotechnics will be of interest to professionals, engineers and academics interested or involved in geotechnics, geotechnical engineering and related areas.

    The 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics was organised by the Multi Scale Geotechnical Engineering Research Centre at City, University of London under the auspices of Technical Committee 104 of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). City, University of London, are pleased to host the prestigious international conference for the first time having initiated and hosted the first regional conference, Eurofuge, ten years ago in 2008. Quadrennial regional conferences in both Europe and Asia are now well established events giving doctoral researchers, in particular, the opportunity to attend an international conference in this rapidly evolving specialist area.

    This is volume 2 of a 2-volume set.

    VOLUME 2

    12. Tunnel, shafts and pipelines

    Study of the effects of explosion on a buried tunnel through centrifuge model tests
    A. De &T.F. Zimmie

    Uplift resistance of a buried pipeline in silty soil on slopes
    G.N. Eichhorn & S.K. Haigh

    Modelling the excavation of elliptical shafts in the geotechnical centrifuge
    N.E. Faustin, M.Z.E.B. Elshafie & R.J. Mair

    Shaking table test to evaluate the effects of earthquake on internal force of Tabriz subway tunnel (Line 2)
    M. Hajialilue-Bonab, M. Farrin & M. Movasat

    Effect of pipe defect size and maximum particle size of bedding material on associated internal erosion
    S. Indiketiya, P. Jegatheesan, R. Pathmanathan & R. Kuwano

    Modelling cave mining in the geotechnical centrifuge
    S.W. Jacobsz, E.P. Kearsley, D. Cumming-Potvin & J.Wesseloo

    Experimental modelling of infiltration of bentonite slurry in front of shield tunnel in saturated sand
    T. Xu &A. Bezuijen

    13. Imaging

    Flow visualisation in a geotechnical centrifuge under controlled seepage conditions
    C.T.S. Beckett &A.B. Fourie

    A new procedure for tracking displacements of submerged sloping ground in centrifuge testing
    T. Carey, N. Stone, B. Kutter & M. Hajialilue-Bonab

    Identification of soil stress-strain response from full field displacement measurements in plane strain model tests
    J.A. Charles, C.C. Smith & J.A. Black

    Imaging of sand-pile interface submitted to a high number of loading cycles
    J. Doreau-Malioche, G. Combe, J.B. Toni, G. Viggiani & M. Silva

    Image capture and motion tracking applications in geotechnical centrifuge modelling
    P. Kokkali, T. Abdoun &A. Tessari

    A study on performance of three-dimensional imaging system for physical models
    B.T. Le, S. Nadimi, R.J. Goodey & R.N. Taylor

    Visualisation of inter-granular pore fluid flow
    L. Li, M. Iskander & M. Omidvar

    A two-dimensional laser-scanner system for geotechnical processes monitoring
    M.D. Valencia-Galindo, L.N. Beltrán-Rodriguez, J.A. Sánchez-Peralta, J.S. Tituaña-Puente, M.G. Trujillo-Vela, J.M. Larrahondo, L.F. Prada-Sarmiento &A.M. Ramos-Cañón

    14. Seismic – dynamic

    Dynamic behaviour of model pile in saturated sloping ground during shaking table tests
    C.H. Chen, T.S. Ueng & C.H. Chen

    Investigation on the aseismic performance of pile foundations in volcanic ash ground
    T. Egawa, T. Yamanashi & K. Isobe

    Effective parameters on the interaction between reverse fault rupture and shallow foundations: Centrifuge modelling
    A. Ghalandarzadeh & M. Ashtiani

    Seismic amplification of clay ground and long-term consolidation after earthquake
    Y. Hatanaka & K. Isobe

    Evaluation of period-lengthening ratio (PLR) of single-degree-of-freedom structure via dynamic centrifuge tests
    K.W. Ko, J.G. Ha, H.J. Park & D.S. Kim

    Centrifuge modelling of active seismic fault interaction with oil well casings
    J. Le Cossec, K.J.L. Stone, C. Ryan & K. Dimitriadis

    Centrifuge shaking table tests on composite caisson-piles foundation
    F. Liang, Y. Jia, H. Zhang, H. Chen & M. Huang

    Dynamic behaviour of three-hinge-type precast arch culverts with various patterns of overburden in culvert longitudinal direction
    Y. Miyazaki, Y. Sawamura, K. Kishida & M. Kimura

    Dynamic centrifuge model tests on sliding base isolation systems leveraging buoyancy
    N. Nigorikawa, Y. Asaka & M. Hasebe

    Centrifugal model tests on static and seismic stability of landfills with high water level
    B. Zhu, J.C. Li, L.J.Wang &Y.M. Chen

    15. Seismic – liquefaction

    Partial drainage during earthquake-induced liquefaction
    O. Adamidis & G.S.P. Madabhushi

    Centrifuge modelling of site response and liquefaction using a 2D laminar box and biaxial dynamic base excitation
    O. El Shafee, J. Lawler &T. Abdoun

    Experimental simulation of the effect of preshaking on liquefaction of sandy soils
    W. El-Sekelly, T. Abdoun, R. Dobry & S. Thevanayagam

    Dynamic centrifuge testing to assess liquefaction potential
    G. Fasano, E. Bilotta, A. Flora, V. Fioravante, D. Giretti, C.G. Lai &A.G. Özcebe

    Experimental and computational study on effects of permeability on liquefaction
    H. Funahara & N. Tomita

    The importance of vertical accelerations in liquefied soils
    F.E. Hughes & S.P.G. Madabhushi

    The effects of waveform of input motions on soil liquefaction by centrifuge modelling
    W.Y. Hung, T.W. Liao, L.M. Hu & J.X. Huang

    Horizontal subgrade reaction of piles in liquefiable ground
    S. Imamura

    Experimental investigation of pore pressure and acceleration development in static liquefaction induced failures in submerged slopes
    A. Maghsoudloo, A. Askarinejad, R.R. de Jager, F. Molenkamp & M.A. Hicks

    Centrifuge modelling of earthquake-induced liquefaction on footings built on improved ground
    A.S.P.S. Marques, P.A.L.F. Coelho, S.K. Haigh & G.S.P. Madabhushi

    Investigating the effect of layering on the formation of sand boils in 1 g shaking table tests
    S. Miles, J. Still & M. Stringer

    Centrifuge modelling of mitigation-soil-structure-interaction on layered liquefiable soil deposits with a silt cap
    B. Paramasivam, S. Dashti, A.B. Liel & J.C. Olarte

    Centrifuge modelling of the effects of soil liquefiability on the seismic response of low-rise structures
    S. Qi & J.A. Knappett

    Liquefaction behaviour focusing on pore water inflow into unsaturated surface layer
    Y. Takada, K. Ueda, S. Iai &T. Mikami

    16. Dams and embankments

    Performance of single piles in riverbank clay slopes subject to repetitive tidal cycles
    U. Ahmed, D.E.L. Ong & C.F. Leung

    Load transfer mechanism of reinforced piled embankments
    M.S.S. Almeida, D.F. Fagundes, M.C.F. Almeida, D.A. Hartmann, R. Girout, L. Thorel & M. Blanc

    Experiments for a coarse sand barrier as a measure against backwards erosion piping
    A. Bezuijen, E. Rosenbrand, V.M. van Beek & K. Vandenboer

    Load transfer mechanism of piled embankments: Centrifuge tests versus analytical models
    M. Blanc, L. Thorel, R. Girout, M.S.S. Almeida & D.F. Fagundes

    Physical model testing to evaluate erosion quantity and pattern
    M. Kamalzare &T.F. Zimmie

    Physical modelling of large dams for seismic performance evaluation
    N.R. Kim & S.B. Jo

    Centrifuge model tests on levees subjected to flooding
    R.K. Saran & B.V.S. Viswanadham

    Centrifuge model test of vacuum consolidation on soft clay combined with embankment loading
    S. Shiraga, G. Hasegawa, Y. Sawamura & M. Kimura

    17. Geohazards

    Effects of viscosity in granular flows simulated in a centrifugal acceleration field
    M. Cabrera, P. Kailey, E.T. Bowman &W.Wu

    Using pipe deflection to detect sinkhole development
    E.P. Kearsley, S.W. Jacobsz & H. Louw

    Model tests to simulate formation and expansion of subsurface cavities
    R. Kuwano, R. Sera &Y. Ohara

    Centrifuge modelling of a pipeline subjected to soil mass movements
    J.R.M.S. Oliveira, K.I. Rammah, P.C. Trejo, M.S.S. Almeida & M.C.F. Almeida

    Effects of earthquake motion on subsurface cavities
    R. Sera, M. Ota & R. Kuwano

    Preliminary study of debris flow impact force on a circular pillar
    A.L. Yifru, R.N. Pradhan, S. Nordal &V. Thakur

    18. Slopes

    Centrifuge modelling of earth slopes subjected to change in water content
    P. Aggarwal, R. Singla &A. Juneja

    Centrifuge and numerical modelling of static liquefaction of fine sandy slopes
    A. Askarinejad,W. Zhang, M. de Boorder & J. van der Zon

    Modelling of MSW landfill slope failure
    Y.J. Hou, X.D. Zhang, J.H. Liang, C.H. Jia, R. Peng & C.Wang

    Effects of plant removal on slope hydrology and stability
    V. Kamchoom &A.K. Leung

    Centrifuge model test on deformation and failure of slopes under wetting-drying cycles
    F. Luo & G. Zhang

    Centrifuge model studies of the soil slope under freezing and thawing processes
    C. Zhang, Z.Y. Cai, Y.H. Huang & G.M. Xu

    An experimental and numerical study of pipe behaviour in triggered sandy slope failures
    W. Zhang, Z. Gng &A. Askarinejad

    19. Ground improvement

    Investigation of nailed slope behaviour during excavation by Ng centrifuge physical model tests
    A. Akoochakian, M. Moradi &A. Kavand

    Relative contribution of drainage capacity of stone columns as a countermeasure against liquefaction
    E. Apostolou, A.J. Brennan & J.Wehr

    Observed deformations in geosynthetic-reinforced granular soils subjected to voids
    T.S. da Silva & M.Z.E.B. Elshafie

    Analytical design approach for the self-regulating interactive membrane foundation based on centrifuge-model tests and numerical simulations
    O. Detert, D. König &T. Schanz

    Earthquake-induced liquefaction mitigation under existing buildings using drains
    S. García-Torres & G.S.P. Madabhushi

    Deformation behaviour research of an artificial island by centrifuge modelling test
    X.W. Gu, Z.Y. Cai, G.M. Xu & G.F. Ren

    Effect of lateral confining condition of behaviour of confined-reinforced earth
    H.M. Hung & J. Kuwano

    An experimental study on the effects of enhanced drainage for liquefaction mitigation in dense urban environments
    P.B. Kirkwood & S. Dashti

    Influence of tamper shape on dynamic compaction of granular soil
    S. Kundu & B.V.S. Viswanadham

    Behaviour of geogrid reinforced soil walls with marginal backfills with and without chimney drain in a geotechnical centrifuge
    J. Mamaghanian, H.R. Razeghi, B.V.S. Viswanadham & C.H.S.G. Manikumar

    Centrifuge model tests on effect of inclined foundation on stability of column type deep mixing improved ground
    S. Matsuda, M. Momoi & M. Kitazume

    Large-scale physical model GRS walls: Evaluation of the combined effects of facing stiffness and toe resistance on performance
    S.H. Mirmoradi & M. Ehrlich

    Deep vibration compaction of sand using mini vibrator
    S. Nagula, P. Mayanja & J. Grabe

    Dynamic centrifuge tests on nailed slope with facing plates
    S. Nakamoto, N. Iwasa & J. Takemura

    Influence of slope inclination on the performance of slopes with and without soil-nails subjected to seepage: A centrifuge study
    V.M. Rotte & B.V.S. Viswanadham

    Performance of soil-nailed wall with three-dimensional geometry: Centrifuge study
    M. Sabermahani, M. Moradi &A. Pooresmaeili

    Behaviour of geogrid-reinforced aggregate layer overlaying poorly graded sand under cyclic loading
    A.A. Soe, J. Kuwano, I. Akram, T. Kogure & H. Kanai

    Physical modelling of compaction grouting injection using a transparent soil
    D. Takano, Y. Morikawa, Y. Miyata, H. Nonoyama & R.J. Bathurst

    Centrifuge modelling of remediation of liquefaction-induced pipeline uplift using model root systems
    K.Wang, A.J. Brennan, J.A. Knappett, S. Robinson &A.G. Bengough

    Comparative study of consolidation behaviour of differently-treated mature fine tailings specimens through centrifuge modelling
    G. Zambrano-Narvaez, Y.Wang & R.J. Chalaturnyk

    Physical modelling and monitoring of the subgrade on weak foundation and its reinforcing with geosynthetics
    A.A. Zaytsev, Y.K. Frolovsky, A.V. Gorlov, A.V. Petryaev &V.V. Ganchits

    20. Shallow foundations

    Effect of spatial variability on the behaviour of shallow foundations: Centrifuge study
    L.X. Garzón, B. Caicedo, M. Sánchez-Silva & K.K. Phoon

    1g model tests of surface and embedded footings on unsaturated compacted sand
    A.J. Lutenegger & M.T. Adams

    Experimental study on the coupled effect of the vertical load and the horizontal load on the performance of piled beam-slab foundation
    L. Mu, M. Huang, X. Kang &Y. Zhang

    Determining shallow foundation stiffness in sand from centrifuge modelling
    A. Pearson & P. Shepley

    The effect of soil stiffness on the undrained bearing capacity of a footing on a layered clay deposit
    A. Salehi, Y. Hu, B.M. Lehane, V. Zania & S.L. Sovso

    Centrifuge investigation of the cyclic loading effect on the post-cyclic monotonic performance of a single-helix anchor in sand
    J.A. Schiavon, C.H.C. Tsuha & L. Thorel

    Bearing capacity of surface and embedded foundations on a slope: Centrifuge modelling
    D. Taeseri, L. Sakellariadis, R. Schindler & I. Anastasopoulos

    21. Deep foundations

    Performance of piled raft with unequal pile lengths
    R.S. Bisht, A. Juneja, A. Tyagi & F.H. Lee

    Pile response during liquefaction-induced lateral spreading: 1-g shake table tests with different ground inclination
    A. Ebeido, A. Elgamal & M. Zayed

    Effect of the installation methods of piles in cohesionless soil on their axial capacity
    I. El Haffar, M. Blanc & L. Thorel

    Model testing of rotary jacked open ended tubular piles in saturated non-cohesive soil
    D. Frick, K.A. Schmoor, P. Gütz & M. Achmus

    Model tests on soil displacement effects for differently shaped piles
    A.A. Ganiyu, A.S.A. Rashid, M.H. Osman &W.O. Ajagbe

    Comparison of seismic behaviour of pile foundations in two different soft clay profiles
    T.K. Garala & G.S.P. Madabhushi

    Issues with centrifuge modelling of energy piles in soft clays
    I. Ghaaowd, J. McCartney, X. Huang, F. Saboya & S. Tibana

    Centrifuge modelling of non-displacement piles on a thin bearing layer overlying a clay layer
    Y. Horii &T. Nagao

    Rigid pile improvement under rigid slab or footing under cyclic loading
    O. Jenck, F. Emeriault, C. Dos Santos Mendes, O. Yaba, J.B. Toni, G. Vian & M. Houda

    Pull-out testing of steel reinforced earth systems: Modelling in view of soil dilation and boundary effects
    M. Loli, I. Georgiou, A. Tsatsis, R. Kourkoulis & F. Gelagoti

    Pile jetting in plane strain: Small-scale modelling of monopiles
    S. Norris & P. Shepley

    Influence of geometry on the bearing capacity of sheet piled foundations
    J.P. Panchal, A.M. McNamara & R.J. Goodey

    Kinematic interaction of piles under seismic loading
    J. Pérez-Herreros, F. Cuira, S. Escoffier & P. Kotronis

    Behaviour of piled raft foundation systems in soft soil with consolidation process
    E. Rodríguez, R.P. Cunha & B. Caicedo

    Displacement measurements of ground and piles in sand subjected to reverse faulting
    C.F. Yao, S. Seki & J. Takemura

    22. Walls and excavations

    Centrifuge simulation of heave behaviour of deep basement slabs in overconsolidated clay
    D.Y.K. Chan & S.P.G. Madabhushi

    Soil movement mobilised with retaining wall rotation in loose sand
    C. Deng & S.K. Haigh

    Lateral pressure of granular mass during translative motion of wall
    P. Koudelka

    Deflection and failure of self-standing high stiffness steel pipe sheet pile walls embedded in soft rocks
    V. Kunasegarm, S. Seki & J. Takemura

    A new approach to modelling excavations in soft soils
    J.P. Panchal, A.M. McNamara & S.E. Stallebrass

    1g-modelling of limit load increase due to shear band enhancement
    K.-F. Seitz & J. Grabe

    Concave segmental retaining walls
    D. Stathas, L. Xu, J.P.Wang, H.I. Ling & L. Li

    A combined study of centrifuge and full scale models on detection of threat of failure in trench excavations
    S. Tamate &T. Hori

    Dynamic behaviour on pile foundation combined with soil-cement mixing walls using permanent pile
    K.Watanabe, M. Arakawa & M. Mizumoto

    Centrifuge modelling of 200,000 tonnage sheet-pile bulkheads with relief platform
    G.M. Xu, G.F. Ren, X.W. Gu & Z.Y. Cai


    Andrew McNamara, Sam Divall, Richard Goodey, Neil Taylor, Sarah Stallebrass and Jignasha Panchal work at City, University of London, UK.