Physical Properties of Diamond and Sapphire  book cover
1st Edition

Physical Properties of Diamond and Sapphire

ISBN 9781032178202
Published September 30, 2021 by CRC Press
92 Pages 1 Color & 54 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Focusing on the physical properties of diamond and sapphire, this monograph provides readers with essential details on crystal structure and growth, mechanical properties, thermal properties, optical properties, light scattering of diamond and sapphire crystals, and sapphire lasers.

Various physical properties are comprehensively discussed: Mechanical properties include hardness, tensile strength, compressive strength, and Young’s modulus. Thermal properties include thermal expansion, specific heat, and thermal conductivity. Optical properties of diamond and sapphire include transmission, refractive index, and absorption. Light scattering includes Raman scattering and Brillouin scattering. Sapphire lasers include chromium-doped and titanium-doped lasers.

Aimed at researchers and industry professionals working in materials science, physics, electrical engineering, and related fields, this monograph is the first to concentrate solely on physical properties of these increasingly important materials.

Table of Contents




Chapter 1 Introduction

      1. Diamond

      2. Sapphire

Chapter 2 Crystal Structure and Growth

2.1 Diamond

2.2 Sapphire

Chapter 3 Mechanical Properties of Diamond

3.1 Hardness

3.2 Tensile Strength

3.3 Compressive Strength

3.4 Young’s Modulus

Chapter 4 Mechanical Properties of Sapphire

4.1 Hardness

4.2 Tensile Strength

4.3 Compressive Strength

4.4 Young’s Modulus

Chapter 5 Thermal Properties of Diamond

5.1 Thermal Expansion

5.2 Specific Heat

5.3 Thermal Conductivity

Chapter 6 Thermal Properties of Sapphire

6.1 Thermal Expansion

6.2 Specific Heat

6.3 Thermal Conductivity

Chapter 7 Optical Properties of Diamond

7.1 Transmission

7.2 Refractive Index

7.3 Absorption

Chapter 8 Optical Properties of Sapphire

8.1 Transmission and Absorption

8.2 Refractive Index

Chapter 9 Light Scattering of Diamond

9.1 Raman Scattering

9.2 Brillouin Scattering

Chapter 10 Light Scattering of Sapphire

10.1 Raman Scattering

10.2 Brillouin Scattering

Chapter 11 Sapphire Lasers

11.1 Chromium-Doped Sapphire Laser

11.2 Titanium-Doped Sapphire Laser



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Roshan L. Aggarwal retired from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) effective April 1, 2016 after 51 years of service. He is currently working as Part-Time Flexible Technical Staff in Group 81 "Chemical, Microsystem, and Nanoscale Technologies" at MIT Lincoln Laboratory. Previously, he was Technical Staff at MIT Lincoln Laboratory for 30 years (1986-2016), Senior Research Scientist, MIT Physics Department for 12 years (1975-1987), Associate Director, MIT Francis Bitter National Magnet Laboratory for 7 years (1977-1984), and Technical Staff, MIT Francis Bitter National Magnet Laboratory for 12 years (1965-1977). Dr. Aggarwal is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a Senior Member of the Optical Society of America, a Fellow of the Punjab Academy of Sciences, and a Recipient of the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award.

Anant K. Ramdas retired as the Lark-Horovitz Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Physics in 2016 after 60 years of service at Purdue University. He received his Ph. D. in Physics from Poona University, India in 1956; his thesis advisor was Prof. C. V. Raman. Professor Ramdas is a Recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Senior U. S. Scientist Award, Recipient of the Raman Centenary Medal of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Frank Isakson Prize of the American Physical Society, Sigma Xi Faculty Research Award, Ruth and Joel Spira Award for excellence in undergraduate teaching, and Herbert Newby McCoy Award of Purdue University. Prof. Ramdas is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, Fellow of the Optical Society of America, Fellow of the American Vacuum Society, Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences.


"This book is an outstanding monograph for diamond and sapphire materials system. The authors are outstanding researchers who know what is important in solid-state physics and emerging materials development. Their expertise comes out strongly in this book. This book is sure to be adopted by faculty teaching advanced graduate courses in solid-state and optoelectronic materials and professional researchers."

--Prof. Dennis L. Polla, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR)/Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota (ret.)



"This monogram describes essential details of crystal structure and growth, mechanical properties, thermal proper­ties, optic-al properties, and light scatter­ing properties of diamond and sapphire materials. It focuses on the physical prop­erties of these two materials by providing descriptions for each property and graph­ical data. The data provided describes the physical property over a range. For example, optical transmission is shown over the wavelength range from UV to far IR for both diamond and sapphire. Properties covered include mechani­cal (hardness, tensile and compressive strength, Young's modulus, and elastic constants), thermal (expansion, specific heat, conductivity), optical (transmission range, refractive index, absorption), light scattering (Raman· and Brillouin scatter­ing). The optical operation of two lasers are briefly discussed - chromium-doped and titanium-doped sapphire lasers.
This book would be of interest to re­searchers in industry or academia in ma­terial science or engineering who may use these materials in their work and need a handy material property reference for comparing physical properties of dia­mond and sapphire materials."

--John J. Shea, Physical Properties of Diamond and Sapphire. IEEE Electrical Insulation magazine.