Tunneling reactions in chemistry are characterized by the low-temperature limit when the classical contribution is negligible. Many practical applications benefit from the lack of heat and have a deep physical basis. Interesting advantages of chemical synthesis at low temperatures have also been demonstrated. This book covers fundamental and practical aspects of the processes and experimental and theoretical methods used in the field. The chapters are written by leading scientists who have very strong experience in the selected topics, and many practical recommendations can be found in this book.
Table of Contents
Photoexcitation of Free Radicals and Molecular Ions Trapped in Rare-Gas Solids, M. E. Jacox
Metal Atom Reactions to Form Novel Small Molecules, L. Andrews
Conformational Changes in Cryogenic Matrices, R. Fausto et al.
Photodynamics at Low Temperatures, in Time Domain, V. A. Apkarian and M. Pettersson
Matrix Isolation of H and D atoms: Physics and Chemistry from 1.5 to 0.05 K, V. V. Khmelenko et al.
Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy in Solid Parahydrogen: A Primer, M. E. Fajardo
Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy in Helium Droplets, K. Kuyanov-Prozument et al.
Cryogenic Solutions as a Tool to Characterize Red- and Blue-Shifting C-H...X Hydrogen Bonding, W. A. Herrebout and B. J. van der Veken
Low-Temperature Infrared Spectroscopy of Surface Species, A. A. Tsyganenko
Photolysis and Radiolysis of Water Ice, R. E. Johnson
Cool Interstellar Physics and Chemistry, A. G. G. M. Tielens and L. J. Allamandola
High-Resolution Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Condensed Matter, M. Orrit and W. E. Moerner
Noble-Gas Chemistry, W. Grochala et al.
Modeling Structures and Spectra of Trapped Species in Low-Temperature Matrices, A. Nemukhin and B. Grigorenko
Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules at Very Low Temperatures: Theoretical Studies, R. B. Gerber and J. Sebek
Leonid Khriachtchev graduated from Leningrad State University, Russia, in 1981. He completed his PhD study in Quantum Electronics in 1986 and became a senior scientist and a group leader in 1988 at the Institute of Physics of the same university. That time, his research mainly dealt with resonant light pressure and optical pumping of the ground state of atoms in the gas phase and laser technique. In 1994, he joined the University of Helsinki, Finland, and he is currently with the Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of this university. His scientific interests include experimental optical and laser spectroscopy of matrix-isolated species and nanoscale materials. He has contributed to the construction of new chemical bonds, including the first argon chemical compound, HArF, and light-induced conformational changes at low temperatures. Optical and structural studies of silicon nanocrystals have been another important part of this research activity. He is the editor of the book Silicon Nanophotonics: Basic Principles, Present Status, and Perspectives, (World Scientific Publishing, 2008). He is the author of about 180 refereed articles.
"This book covers many topics involving low-temperature chemistry and physics. It ranges from fundamental investigations of weakly coupled systems, complicated chemical systems and low-temperature processes occurring in the outer solar system and beyond. It is very a comprehensive compilation and should be required reading for graduate students or scientists and engineers who are interested in working in these fascinating areas."
—Prof. Thomas M. Orlando, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA