Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses

1st Edition

By Alexander V. Dotsenko, Leonid B. Glebov, Victor A. Tsechomsky

CRC Press

208 pages

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Hardback: 9780849337802
pub: 1997-09-24
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Description

Photochromic glasses are among the most widespread types of glasses, due largely to their popular use in sunglasses. These glasses are used not only in sunglasses, but also in various opto-electronic devices that have been developed and produced throughout the world. Until now, information about photochromic glasses has been widely dispersed in the literature, much of which was published in Russian and therefore of limited accessibility to the Western world. Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses brings together the combined knowledge and understanding of photochromic glasses from these publications. Coverage includes the structure, optical properties, coloration and bleaching mechanisms, technology, and metrology of these interesting materials.

Table of Contents

Photoinduced Generation of Defects and Photochromism in Homogeneous Silicate Glasses

Intrinsic, Extrinsic, and Induced Absorption Spectra

Color Center Generation by Intrinsic and Extrinsic Absorption Band Excitation

Thermal Fading and Optical Bleaching of Color Centers

Photochromic Properties of Homogeneous Silicate Glasses

Basic Parameters of Photochromic Materials and Methods for Their Measurement

Phenomenological Description of the Properties of Materials with Unstable Photoinduced Absorption

Integral and Spectral Photosensitivity

Spatial Inhomogeneity of Coloration

Photometric Setup for Nonstationary Characteristics Measurement

Photosensitive Phase Formation in Heterogeneous Photochromic Glasses

The Conditions for Heterogeneous System Transparency

The Role of the Vitreous Host in Heterogeneous System Formation

Crystalline Phase Precipitation in the Process of Heat Treatment

Spectral Properties of Photochromic Glasses

Spectra of Silver Halide Glasses

Absorption Spectra of Nonexposed Glasses

Spectra of Photoinduced Absorption

Effect of Optical Bleaching on Photoinduced Absorption Spectra

Spectra of Copper Halide Glasses

Absorption Spectra and Electronic Structure of Nonirradiated Glasses

Nonlinear Absorption

Effect of Scattering on Photoinduced Attenuation Spectra

Kinetics of Coloration, Fading, and Bleaching

Mechanisms of Photoinduced Coloration

Mechanisms of Thermal Fading

Simulation of Kinetic Processes

General Statement of the Simulation Problem

Kinetics of Coloration

Technology of Photochromic Glasses

Melting and Heat Treatment

Effect of Composition on Properties

Silver Chloride

Silver Bromide

Silver Iodide

Copper Admixture

Cation Additives

Anion Additives

Waveguides in Photochromic Glasses

Optical Properties of Planar Ion Exchanged Waveguides

Effect of Ion Exchange on Photochromic Properties

Anisotropy of Photochromism

Mode Selection

Light Propagation in Coupled Photochromic Waveguides

Optical Sensitization of Coloration

Effect of Visible Light on Colored Photochromic Glasses and Waveguides

Cooperative Breeding of Color Centers

Recording and Amplification of Images at Long Wavelength Sensitization

References

Index

About the Series

Laser & Optical Science & Technology

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science