1st Edition

Phytotechnologies Remediation of Environmental Contaminants

    620 Pages 16 Color & 140 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    618 Pages 16 Color & 140 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Phytotechnologies: Remediation of Environmental Contaminants highlights the use of natural and inherent traits of plants and associated microbes to exclude, accumulate, or metabolize a variety of contaminants, with the goal of efficiently and sustainably decontaminating the biosphere from unwanted hazardous compounds. Contributed by an international team of authors, the book ensures a balance between theory and practice without compromising the basic conceptual framework of Phytotechnologies.

    Divided into three major sections, the book:

    • Introduces contaminants and contaminated sites, and also highlights the significance of genus Brassica and vetiver grass species for varied environmental contaminants’ remediation
    • Presents an exhaustive exploration of potential strategies for enhancing plants and associated microbes-mediated environmental contaminants’ remediation
    • Overviews major physiological, biochemical, and genetic-molecular mechanisms responsible for plant tolerance and adaptation to varied environmental contaminants

    A one-stop source of cutting edge answers and time-saving access, Phytotechnologies: Remediation of Environmental Contaminants is a common platform for engineers, environmental microbiologists, plant physiologists, and molecular biologists with the common aim of sustainable solutions to vital environmental issues.

    In short, the book provides a conceptual overview of ecosystems approaches and phytotechnologies, and their cumulative significance in relation to various environmental problems and potential solutions.

    Naser A. Anjum, Iqbal Ahmad, Armando C. Duarte, Shahid Umar, Nafees A. Khan, and Maria E. Pereira

    Contaminants, Contaminated Sites, and Remediation
    Heavy Metals in the Environment: Current Status, Toxic Effects on Plants and Phytoremediation
    Mirza Hasanuzzaman and Masayuki Fujita
    Phytotechnology—Remediation of Inorganic Contaminants
    Felix A. Aisien, Innocent O. Oboh, and Eki T. Aisien
    Potential of Constructed Wetland Phytotechnology for Tannery Wastewater Treatment
    Cristina S. C. Calheiros, António O. S. S. Rangel, and Paula M. L. Castro
    Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon–Contaminated Soils in Venezuela
    Carmen Infante, Ismael Hernández-Valencia, Liliana López, and Marcia Toro
    Fate and Transport Issues Associated with Contaminants and Contaminant By-Products in Phytotechnology
    Chris O. Nwoko

    Genus Brassica and Contaminants’ Remediation
    Metals and Metalloids Accumulation Variability in Brassica Species: A Review
    Naser A. Anjum, Sarvajeet S. Gill, Iqbal Ahmad, Armando C. Duarte, Shahid Umar, Nafees A. Khan, and Maria E. Pereira
    Oilseed Brassica napus and Phytoremediation of Lead
    Muhammad Yasin Ashraf, Nazila Azhar, Khalid Mahmood, Rashid Ahmad, and Ejaz Ahmad Waraich
    Potential for Metal Phytoextraction of Brassica Oilseed Species
    Guido Fellet, Luca Marchiol, and Giuseppe Zerbi
    Phytoremediation Capacity of Brown- and Yellow-Seeded Brassica carinata
    Xiang Li, Margaret Y. Gruber, Kevin Falk, and Neil Westcott
    Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals and the Involvement of Brassica Species
    Aryadeep Roychoudhury, Sreeparna Pradhan, Bodhisatwa Chaudhuri, and Kaushik Das

    Other Plant Species and Contaminants’ Remediation
    Phytoremediation of Soils Contaminated by Heavy Metals, Metalloids, and Radioactive Materials Using Vetiver Grass, Chrysopogon zizanioides
    Luu Thai Danh, Paul Truong, Raffaella Mammucari, Yuan Pu, and Neil R. Foster

    Enhancing Contaminants’ Remediation
    Effects of Biotic and Abiotic Amendments on Phytoremediation Efficiency Applied to Metal-Polluted Soils
    Erik J. Joner
    Phytoremediation: Strategies to Enhance the Potential for Toxic Metal Remediation of Brassica Oilseed Species
    Mary Varkey, Nand Lal, and Z. H. Khan
    Enhanced Phytoextraction Using Brassica Oilseeds: Role of Chelates
    Zhao Zhongqiu and Liu Xiaona

    Organic Acid-Assisted Phytoremediation in Salt Marshes: From Hydroponics to Field Mesocosms Trials
    M. Caçador, B. Duarte, and J. Freitas
    Plant–Microbe Enabled Contaminant Removal in the Rhizosphere
    L. M. Stout and K. Nüsslein
    Brassica Oilseeds–Microbe Interactions and Toxic Metals Remediation
    Lixiang Cao
    Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria and Metals Phytoremediation
    Elisa Gamalero and Bernard R. Glick
    Plant Growth Regulators and Improvements in Phytoremediation Process Efficiency: Studies on Metal Contaminated Soils
    Meri Barbafieri, Jose R. Peralta-Videa, Francesca Pedron, and Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey
    Remediation of Sites Contaminated with Persistent Organic Pollutants: Role of Bacteria
    Ondrej Uhlik, Lucie Musilova, Michal Strejcek, Petra Lovecka, Tomas Macek, and Martina Mackova
    Using Endophytes to Enhance Phytoremediation
    Zareen Khan and Sharon Doty
    Genetically Modified Plants Designed for Phytoremediation of Toxic Organic and Inorganic Contaminants
    Tomas Macek, Martina Novakova, Pavel Kotrba, Jitka Viktorova, Petra Lovecká, Jan Fiser, Miroslava Vrbová, Eva Tejklová, Jitka Najmanova, Katerina Demnerova, and Martina Mackova

    Plants’ Contaminants Tolerance
    Utilization of Different Aspects Associated with Cadmium Tolerance in Plants to Compare Sensitive and Bioindicator Species
    Marisol Castrillo, Beatriz Pernia, Andrea De Sousa, and Rosa Reyes
    Analytical Tools for Exploring Metal Accumulation and Tolerance in Plants
    Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Iztok Arcon, Peter Kump, Primož Pelicon, Marijan Necemer, Primož Vavpetic, Špela Koren, and Marjana Regvar
    Metals and Metalloids Detoxification Mechanisms in Plants: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects
    Palaniswamy Thangavel, Ganapathi Sridevi, Naser A. Anjum, Iqbal Ahmad, and Maria E. Pereira
    Studies on Phytoextraction Processes and Some Plants’ Reactions to Uptake and Hyperaccumulation of Substances
    Andrew Agbontalor Erakhrumen
    Uptake and Metabolism of Pharmaceuticals and Other Emerging Contaminants by Plants
    Benoit Van Aken, Rouzbeh Tehrani, and Rashid Kaveh


    Naser A. Anjum, Iqbal Ahmad, Maria E. Pereira and Armando C. Duarte are affiliates of the Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) and the Department of Chemistry at University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

    Shahid Umar is associated with the Laboratory of Plant Stress Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Hamdard University, New Delhi – 110 062, India.

    Nafees A. Khan is an affiliate of the Division of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh – 202 002, U.P., India.