Piezoelectric Materials and Devices : Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences book cover
1st Edition

Piezoelectric Materials and Devices
Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences

ISBN 9781138077423
Published November 22, 2017 by CRC Press
186 Pages 113 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Piezoelectric Materials and Devices: Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences provides a complete overview of piezoelectric materials, covering all aspects of the materials starting from fundamental concepts. The treatment includes physics of piezoelectric materials, their characteristics and applications. The author uses simple language to explain the theory of piezoelectricity and introduce readers to the properties and design of different types of piezoelectric materials, such as those used in engineering and medical device applications.

This book:

  • Introduces various types of dielectrics and their classification based on their characteristics
  • Addresses the mathematical formulation of piezoelectric effects and the definition of various piezoelectric constants
  • Describes the structure and properties of practical piezoelectric materials such as quartz, lead zirconate titanate, barium titanate, zinc oxide, and polyvinylidene fluoride
  • Covers the entire gamut of piezoelectric devices used in engineering and medical applications
  • Discusses briefly the use of piezoelectric materials for energy harvesting and structural health monitoring
  • Explores new developments in biomedical applications of piezoelectric devices such as drug delivery, blood flow and blood pressure monitoring, robotic operating tools, etc.
  • Elaborates on design and virtual prototyping of piezoelectric devices through the use of FE software tools ANSYS and PAFEC

Giving design engineers, scientists, and technologists the information and guidance they will need to adopt piezoelectric materials in the development of smart devices, this book will also motivate engineering and science students to initiate new research for developing innovative devices. Its contents will be invaluable to both students and professionals seeking a greater understanding of fundamentals and applications in the evolving field of piezoelectrics.

Table of Contents

Classification of Dielectric Materials
Important Dielectric Parameters
Electrostrictive Effect
Piezoelectric Effect
Pyroelectric Effect
Ferroelectric Materials
Applications of Ferroelectric Materials

Piezoelectric Characteristics
Piezoelectric Coefficients
Tensor Form of Piezoelectric Equations
Independent Components of Piezoelectric, Elastic, and Dielectric Matrices
Generator and Motor Actions of Piezoelectric Materials
Strain versus Electric Field in Piezoelectric Materials
Piezoelectric Coupling Coefficient k
Dynamic Behaviour of a Piezoelectric Material

Piezoelectric Materials
Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT)
Fabrication of PZT
Polymer Piezoelectric Materials
Other Piezoelectric Materials
Composite Piezoelectric Materials

Engineering Applications of Piezoelectric Materials
Gas Lighter
Pressure Sensor
Piezoelectric Gyroscope–Angular Rate Sensors
Piezoelectric Microphone
Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Transducers for Sound Navigation and Ranging (SONAR)
Piezoelectric Tactile Sensor
Energy Harvesting
Piezoelectric Electronic Buzzer and Tweeter
Piezoelectric Actuators
Piezoelectric Motor
Piezoelectric Micro Pump
Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Drill
Ultrasonic Cleaner
Quartz Crystal Oscillator
Quartz Crystal Balance
Quartz Tuning Fork in Atomic Force Microscope
Piezoelectric Transformer
Nondestructive Testing (NDT) of Materials Using Ultrasonics
Noise and Vibration Control
Structural Health Monitoring
Piezoelectric Sensors and Actuators in Smart Systems and Robots

Medical Applications of Piezoelectric Materials
Blood Pressure Monitor
Piezoelectric Heartbeat Monitor
Piezoelectric Tactile Sensor—Endoscopic Grasper and Minimal Invasive Surgical Instrument
Piezoelectric Accelerometer—Monitoring Patient Activity and Detecting Tremors
Piezoelectric Pump—Drug Delivery and Biomedical Analyses
Ultrasonic Imaging
Bone Density Measurement Using Ultrasound
Ablation of Tumour Cells Using High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)
Ultrasound for Drug Delivery
Ultrasonic-Induced Transdermal Drug Delivery
Phaco Emulsification—Cataract Surgery
Therapeutic Ultrasound—Treatment of Injury, Muscular Pain, and Bone Fracture

Modelling and Virtual Prototyping of Piezoelectric Devices Using Finite Element Software Tools
Finite Element Method
Theory of Coupled Field Finite Element Analysis for Piezoelectric Structure
Introduction to FE Analysis of Piezoelectric Devices Using a Software Tool
Examples of FE Analyses of Piezoelectric Devices

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Dr. M.S. Vijaya has a Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore and more than 30 years of teaching experience in material sciences, with a string of projects on piezoelectric materials and ultrasonic transducers.