The past decade has been one of the most volatile periods in global petroleum markets in living memory, and future oil supply security and price levels remain highly uncertain. This poses many questions for the professional activities of planners and urbanists because contemporary cities are highly dependent on petroleum as a transport fuel. How will oil dependent cities respond, and adapt to, the changing pattern of petroleum supplies? What key strategies should planners and policy makers implement in petroleum vulnerable cities to address the challenges of moving beyond oil? How might a shift away from petroleum provide opportunities to improve or remake cities for the economic, social and environmental imperatives of twenty-first-century sustainability?
Such questions are the focus of contributors to this book with perspectives ranging across the planning challenge: overarching petroleum futures, governance, transition and climate change questions, the role of various urban transport nodes and household responses, ways of measuring oil vulnerability, and the effects on telecommunications, ports and other urban infrastructure. This comprehensive volume – with contributions from and focusing on cities in Australia, the UK, the US, France, Germany, the Netherlands and South Korea – provides key insights to enable cities to plan for the age beyond petroleum.
Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
Notes on Contributors
1. Investigating Cities After Oil: Planning for Systemic Urban Oil Vulnerability
Jago Dodson, Neil Sipe and Anitra Nelson
Part I. Energy Horizons
2. A Stormy Petroleum Horizon: Cities and Planning Beyond Oil
3. The Paradox of Oil: The Cheaper it is, the More It Costs
4. Institutional Planning Responses to a Confluence of Oil Vulnerability and Climate Change
Tony Matthews and Jago Dodson
5. Energy Security and Oil Vulnerability Responses
Jago Dodson and Neil Sipe
6. Post-Petroleum Urban Justice
Wendy Steele, Lisa de Kleyn and Katelyn Samson
Part II. Transport and Land Use
7. Walking the City
8. Cycling Potential in Dispersed Cities
Jennifer Bonham and Matthew Burke
9. Children’s Active Transport: An Upside of Oil Vulnerability?
Scott Sharpe and Paul Tranter
10. Public Transport Networks in the Post-Petroleum Era
John Stone and Paul Mees
11. Oil and Mortgage Vulnerability in Australian Cities
Jago Dodson and Neil Sipe
12. Outer Suburbs, Car Dependence and Residential Choice in France
Benjamin Motte-Baumvol and Leslie Belton-Chevallier
13. Greenspace After Petroleum: From Freeways to Greenways
III. Urban Systems
14. Local Energy Plans for Transitions to a Low Carbon Future
Brendan F.D. Barrett and Ralph Horne
15. Motor Vehicle Fleets in Oil Vulnerable Suburbs: A Prospect of Technology Innovations
Tiebei Li, Neil Sipe and Jago Dodson
16. Energy for Cities
Cheryl Desha and Angela Reeve
17. The Role of Telecommunication in Post-Petroleum Planning
18. Peak Oil: Challenges and Changes for the Air Transport Industry
Douglas Baker, Nicholas Stevens and Md. Kamruzzaman
19. Planning and Petroleum Futures: Research Directions
Neil Sipe, Jago Dodson and Anitra Nelson
Jago Dodson is Professor of Urban Policy and Director of the Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University (Melbourne, Australia). His work has addressed theoretical and applied problems in housing, transport, urban planning, infrastructure, energy and urban governance. He has advised governments on urban policy and is active in scholarly and public debates about Australian cities.
Neil Sipe is Professor of Planning in the School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management at the University of Queensland (Brisbane, Australia). His research interests include transport and land-use planning, natural resource management and international comparisons of planning systems.
Anitra Nelson is Associate Professor at the Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University (Melbourne, Australia). She edited Steering Sustainability in an Urbanizing World: Policy, Practice and Performance (2007), co-edited Sustainability Citizenship in Cities: Theory and Practice (2016, Earthscan/Routledge) and is writing Small is Necessary: Shared Living on a Shared Planet (2017).
"When future generations look back on today’s struggle to move off oil as the lifeblood of global society, they will wonder why it took so long for people to see the writing on the wall and find a better way to power the engines of human endeavor. This volume makes an important contribution to that writing on the wall and presents promising tools needed to deal with our energy problems. If contemporary economic and political leaders can learn from the thoughtful approaches in this book, the inevitable post-carbon future that awaits will bring a brighter day for human civilization."
Anthony Perl, Professor of Urban Studies & Political Science, Simon Fraser University, Canada