1st Edition

Planning, Housing and Infrastructure for Smart Villages

By Hemanta Doloi, Ray Green, Sally Donovan Copyright 2019
    236 Pages
    by Routledge

    236 Pages
    by Routledge

    Some 7.3 billion people currently live on the planet. Of these, 3.4 billion live in rural areas. In just a few regions—Latin America, the Middle East and North Africa—less than 50 per cent of poverty is now located in rural areas. But for the rest of the world's regions between 55 per cent and 80 per cent of the poor continue to live in the countryside. Progress is being made, but much of the knowhow needed is not disseminated outside of a small coterie of professionals who work in the area. With urban development attracting a great deal of attention lately, poorer rural areas deserve the same and new knowledge for empowerment of rural communities is urgently needed.

    This book provides an overview of current thinking and practices that have emerged over the last thirty years for uplifting rural communities in developing economies. Drawing on a body of knowledge across a spectrum of relevant disciplines, this book provides a range of innovative ideas for rural planning, housing and infrastructure development.

    Governments in many emerging economies, where rural poverty is often most acute, have attempted to improve livelihoods. Approaches and techniques that have been used for urban development are often not applicable to rural communities. Studies show that money allocated for rural development is often not effectively spent due to distance, lack of infrastructure, lack of education, poverty and other factors. Meanwhile, the gap in development between the city and country continues to grow, sometimes leading to social and political instability, in both developing and developed countries. This book seeks to provide a guidebook for meeting such challenges.

    Through in-depth enquiry of global practices and thinking about rural development, and selected case studies, the authors argue that careful consideration must be given to incorporating issues of resilience, resourcefulness and the involvement of communities at grassroots levels in realising the transformation of rural settlements into Smart Villages.

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Rural Settlements

    What is a Smart Village?

    Millennium Development Goals

    Making a Smart Village

    Chapter 2. Income Generation


    Businesses around Agriculture

    Non-Timber Forest Products


    Financing opportunities

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 3. Education and Skills Development


    Providing a classroom experience

    Maintaining attendance

    Achieving educational attainment

    ICT and libraries

    Adult Education

    Reducing conflict through education

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 4. Agriculture


    Crop Management

    Livestock management

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 5. Housing


    Rural house and climatic responsiveness

    Building Designs

    Changes over time

    Smart Villages

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 6. Energy



    Microgrid technology options

    Hybrid systems

    Electrical Energy Storage

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 7. Waste



    Anaerobic Digestion

    Recommendations for Best Practice

    Chapter 8. Water and Sanitation


    Provision of potable water

    Sanitation facilities

    Treatment of wastewater

    Balancing water resources

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 9. Transportation


    Road infrastructure development

    Road maintenance

    Beyond roads: completing the picture of transport infrastructure

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 10. Health and Wellbeing


    Foodborne illness

    Prevention and treatment of communicable diseases

    Access to health care

    Emergency response

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 11. Environment


    What is Biodiversity and why does it matter?

    Can biodiversity loss be reversed?

    Forest preservation


    Environmentally Friendly Energy?

    Recommendations for best practise

    Chapter 12. Governance


    Giving citizens a meaningful voice

    Government community partnerships/ local leadership

    Communication between governments and citizens

    Intergovernmental Communication

    The role of NGOs


    Hemanta Doloi is a senior lecturer in the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Dr Doloi is the founding director of the Smart Villages Lab (SVL) and the lead investigator of the Smart Villages Project, sponsored by the Government of Assam, India, for developing solutions on affordable housing and infrastructure systems.

    Ray Green is a professor in the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is the author of Coastal Towns in Transition (2010) and co-author of The Green City: Sustainable Homes, Sustainable Suburbs (2005). His research has been published in urban planning, landscape architecture and environmental psychology journals.

    Sally Donovan is a research fellow with the Smart Villages Lab in the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Dr Donovan has over ten years’ experience researching environmental management and environmental policy development.