Australia has long been a highly (sub)urbanized nation, but the major distinctive feature of its contemporary settlement pattern is that the great majority of Australians live in a small number of large metropolitan areas focused on the state capital cities. The development and application of effective urban policy at a regional scale is a significant global challenge given the complexities of urban space and governance. Building on the editors’ previous collection The Australian Metropolis: A Planning History (2000), this new book examines the recent history of metropolitan planning in Australia since the beginning of the twenty-first century. After a historical prelude, the book is structured around a series of six case studies of metropolitan Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Perth, the fast-growing metropolitan region of South-East Queensland centred on Brisbane, and the national capital of Canberra. These essays are contributed by some of Australia’s leading urbanists. Set against a dynamic background of economic change, restructured land uses, a more diverse population, and growing spatial and social inequality, the book identifies a broad planning consensus around the notion of making Australian cities more contained, compact and resilient. But it also observes a continuing gulf between the simplified aims of metropolitan strategies and our growing understanding of the complex functioning of the varied communities in which most people live. This book reflects on the raft of planning challenges presented at the metropolitan scale, looks at what the future of Australian cities might be, and speculates about the prospects of more effective metropolitan planning arrangements.
Table of Contents
1. The Metropolitan Perspective 1
Stephen Hamnett and Robert Freestone
2. Beginnings: The Evolution of Metropolitan Planning to the Late Twentieth Century 26
Robert Freestone and Christine Garnaut
3. Melbourne: Growing Pains for the Liveable City 51
4. Sydney: Growth, Globalization and Governance 76
Raymond Bunker, Robert Freestone and Bill Randolph
5. Adelaide: Tough Times in the City of Light 101
Stephen Hamnett and Jon Kellett
6. Perth: From ‘Large Provincial City’ to ‘Globalizing City’ 124
Paul J. Maginn and Neil Foley
7. South East Queensland: Change and Continuity in Planning 148
8. Canberra: ‘Normalization’ or ‘the Pride of Time’? 170
Karl Friedhelm Fischer and James Weirick
9. The Metropolitan Condition 195
Stephen Hamnett is Emeritus Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of South Australia in Adelaide and a Commissioner of the Environment, Resources and Development Court of South Australia.
Robert Freestone is Professor of Planning in the Faculty of Built Environment at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia.
'… this work paints a comprehensive picture of urbanized Australia and how it has evolved in the last 20 years. By opening the way to new debates and offering new insights on many urban processes, Planning Metropolitan Australia is well positioned to become an urban-planning textbook and reference work, both in Australia and globally.' - Margot Abord de Chatillon, Metropolitics (https://www.metropolitiques.eu/Planning-Metropolitan-Australia.html)