This book provides an overview of the large and interdisciplinary literature on the substance and process of urban climate change planning and design, using the most important articles from the last 15 years to engage readers in understanding problems and finding solutions to this increasingly critical issue. The Reader’s particular focus is how the impacts of climate change can be addressed in urban and suburban environments—what actions can be taken, as well as the need for and the process of climate planning. Both reducing greenhouse gas emissions as well as adapting to future climate are explored. Many of the emerging best practices in this field involve improving the green infrastructure of the city and region—providing better on-site stormwater management, more urban greening to address excess heat, zoning for regional patterns of open space and public transportation corridors, and similar actions. These actions may also improve current public health and livability in cities, bringing benefits now and into the future. This Reader is innovative in bringing climate adaptation and green infrastructure together, encouraging a more hopeful perspective on the great challenge of climate change by exploring both the problems of climate change and local solutions.
Table of Contents
Section I: Understanding the Problem—Climate Change and Urban Areas
Hamin Infield, Elisabeth M., Section I Introduction.
Orr, David, "Optimism and Hope in a Hotter Time."
IPCC, "Assessment Report 5: Summary for Policymakers."
Wilby, Robert L., "A Review of Climate Change Impacts on the Built Environment."
Fricke, Rebecca and Elisabeth M. Hamin Infield, "Practical guide to Collaborative Project Evaluation
Section II: Introduction to Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Urban Areas
Hamin Infield, Elisabeth M., Section II Introduction
Pacala, Stephen, and Robert Socolow, "Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years With Current Technologies."
Hoornweg, Daniel, Lorraine Sugar and Claudia Lorena Trejos Gómez, "Cities and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Moving Forward."
Lee, Sungwon and Bumsoo Lee, "The Influence of Urban Form on GHG Emissions in the U.S. Household Sector."
Boswell, Michael R., Adrienne I. Greve, and Tammy L. Seale, "An Assessment of the Link Between Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventories and Climate Action Plans."
Dodman, David, "Forces Driving Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions."
Harlan, Sharon L. and Darren M. Ruddel, "Climate Change and Health in Cities: Impacts of Heat and Air Pollution and Potential Co-Benefits from Mitigation and Adaptation."
Section III: Adaptation, Risk, and Resilience
Abunnasr, Yaser, Section III Introduction.
IPCC, 2012, "Summary for Policymakers: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation."
Cutter, Susan L. and Christina Finch, "Temporal and Spatial Changes in Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards."
Frosch, Rachel Morello, Manuel Pastor, Jim Sadd and Seth Shonkoff, "The Climate Gap: Inequalities in How Climate Change Hurts Americans and How to Close the Gap."
Adger, W. Neil, Terry P. Hughes, Carl Folke, Stephen R. Carpenter, and Johan Rockström, "Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters."
Salick, Jan and Nanci Ross, "Traditional Peoples and Climate Change."
Section IV: Green Infrastructure, Urban Form, and Adaptation
Abunnasr, Yaser, Section IV Introduction.
Rouse, David and Ignacio Bunster-Ossa, "Landscape Planning, Design, and Green Infrastructure."
Abunnasr, Yaser and Elisabeth M. Hamin Infield, "The Green Infrastructure Transect: An Organizational Framework for Mainstreaming Adaptation Planning Policies."
Gill, Susannah E., John F. Handley, Adrian R. Ennos and Stephan Pauleit, "Adapting Cities for Climate Change: The Role of the Green Infrastructure."
Leichenko, Robin M. and William D. Solecki, "Climate Change in Suburbs: An Exploration of Key Impacts and Vulnerabilities."
Section V: Green Infrastructure for Urban Heat and Stormwater
Ryan, Robert L., Section V Introduction.
Stone, Brian Jr., Jason Vargo, Peng Liu, Dana Habeeb, Anthony DeLucia, Marcus Trail, Yongtao Hu, and Armistead Russell. "Avoided Heat-Related Mortality through Climate Adaptation Strategies in Three US Cities."
Norton, Briony A., Andrew M. Coutts, Stephen J. Livesley, Richard J. Harris, Annie M. Hunter and Nicholas S.G. Williams, "Planning for Cooler Cities: A Framework to Prioritise Green Infrastructure to Mitigate High Temperatures in Urban Landscapes."
Kleerekoper, Laura, Marjolein van Esch and Tadeo Baldiri Salcedo, "How to make a City Climate-Proof: Addressing the Urban Heat Island Effect."
Lennon, Mick, Mark Scott and Eoin O'Neill, "Urban Design and Adapting to Flood Risk: The Role of Green Infrastructure."
Rouse, David C. and Ignacio Bunster-Ossa, "Green Infrastructure: A Landscape Approach."
Section VI: Introduction to Green Infrastructure for Rising Sea Levels and Coastal Risks
Hamin Infield, Elisabeth M., Section VI Introduction.
Kousky, Carolyn, "Managing Shoreline Retreat: A US Perspective."
Popkin, Gabriel, "Breaking the Waves."
Kirshen, Paul, Matthias Ruth, and William Anderson, "Interdependencies of Urban Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies: A Case Study of Metropolitan Boston, USA."
Mycoo, Michelle, "Sustainable Tourism, Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Adaptation Policies in Barbados."
Section VII: Implementing the Vision
Ryan, Robert L., Section VII Introduction.
Hamin Infield, Elisabeth M. and Nicole Gurran, "Urban Form and Climate Change: Balancing Adaptation and Mitigation in the U.S. and Australia."
Shi, Linda, Eric Chu and Jessica Debats Garrison, "Explaining Progress in Climate Adaptation Planning Across 156 U.S. Municipalities."
Lyth, Anna and Justus Kithiia, "Urban Wildscapes and Green Spaces in Mombasa and Their Potential Contribution to Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation."
Sheppard, Stephen R.L., "Making Climate Change Visible: A Critical Role for Landscape Professionals."
List of Articles
Elisabeth M. Hamin is a Professor of Regional Planning at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA, in the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, where she teaches graduate and undergraduate courses on climate change adaptation and land use planning.
Yaser Abunnasr is an Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture and Planning at the American University of Beirut in the Department of Landscape Design and Ecosystem Management, Beirut, Lebanon.
Robert L. Ryan is Professor and Chair of the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA, where he teaches courses on landscape planning and assessment, environment and behavior, and green infrastructure planning.
"Climate change is the environmental and social crisis of our time. Human influence on the fundamental biophysical processes of the planet is so pervasive that a new geologic epoch has been identified: the Anthropocene. Both for our own survival and for that of other species, we must adapt, and planning is one of our most important tools for adaptation. Fortunately, humans are a planning species. Elisabeth M. Hamin Infield, Yaser Abunnasr, and Robert Ryan have collected and curated the most important essays on the topic. This reader will be useful for both students and practitioners who are seeking ways to mitigate the consequences of climate change and to adapt communities through sustainable design."
Frederick Steiner, University of Pennsylvania, USA
"An impressive collection of contemporary writings on one of the largest challenges of our time: how to adapt cities to a changing climate. Sure to be useful to both university classes and professionals."
Steve Wheeler, U.C. Davis, USA
"I have taught an Environmental and Energy Audit course for a number of years and wished that I had a comprehensive source of key material that summarized the science on climate change plus adaption and mitigation measures to reduce greenhouse gas emission impacts. This book by Hamin Infield, Abunnasr, and Ryan is such a compendium. This book also addresses key health and equity impacts to disadvantaged urban populations as well as link to the role of green infrastructure implementation within a local community context. The editor’s nuanced framing of each of the books seven chapters as well as the beginning of many of the individual article is key to allowing a reader to understand key contributions from the many edited articles within each chapter."
Richard "Rick" Smardon, SUNY, USA