Plasma Physics and Engineering  book cover
2nd Edition

Plasma Physics and Engineering

ISBN 9781439812280
Published February 22, 2011 by CRC Press
941 Pages 331 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Plasma plays an important role in a wide variety of industrial processes, including material processing, environmental control, electronic chip manufacturing, light sources, and green energy, not to mention fuel conversion and hydrogen production, biomedicine, flow control, catalysis, and space propulsion.

Following the general outline of the bestselling first edition, Plasma Physics and Engineering, Second Edition provides a clear fundamental introduction to all aspects of the modern field. Reflecting recent scientific and technological developments, this resource will be useful to engineers, scientists, and students working with the physics, engineering, chemistry, and combustion of plasma, as well as chemical physics, lasers, electronics, new methods of material treatment, fuel conversion, and environmental control.

The book includes many enhancements and some totally new coverage of fundamental subjects such as:

  • Interaction and dynamics of streamers
  • Plasma-flow interaction
  • High-speed plasma aerodynamics
  • Plasma-surface interaction
  • Mechanisms and kinetics of plasma–medical processes

Along with these new topics and deeper coverage of material from the first book, this edition presents two new chapters on microdischarges and discharges in liquids. It also contains an extensive database on plasma kinetics and thermodynamics, many helpful numerical formulas for practical calculations, and an array of problems and concept questions. PowerPoint™ slides and a solutions manual are available for qualifying instructors who adopt this book for their courses.

Table of Contents

Part I: Fundamentals of Plasma Physics and Plasma Chemistry
Plasma in Nature, in the Laboratory, and in Industry
Occurrence of Plasma: Natural and Man Made
Gas Discharges
Plasma Applications, Plasmas in Industry
Plasma Applications for Environmental Control
Plasma Applications in Energy Conversion
Plasma Application for Material Processing
Breakthrough Plasma Applications in Modern Technology

Elementary Processes of Charged Species in Plasma

Elementary Charged Particles in Plasma and Their Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
Ionization Processes
Mechanisms of Electron Losses: The Electron–Ion Recombination
Electron Losses Due to Formation of Negative Ions: Electron Attachment and Detachment Processes
Ion–Ion Recombination Processes
The Ion–Molecular Reactions

Elementary Processes of Excited Molecules and Atoms in Plasma

Electronically Excited Atoms and Molecules in Plasma
Vibrationally and Rotationally Excited Molecules
Elementary Processes of Vibrational, Rotational, and Electronic Excitation of Molecules in Plasma
Vibration (VT) Relaxation, Landau–Teller Formula
Vibrational Energy Transfer between Molecules, VV-Relaxation Processes
Processes of Rotational and Electronic Relaxation of Excited Molecules
Elementary Chemical Reactions of Excited Molecules: Fridman–Macheret α-Model

Plasma Statistics and Kinetics of Charged Particles

Statistics and Thermodynamics of Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium Plasmas, The Boltzmann, Saha, and Treanor Distributions
The Boltzmann and Fokker–Planck Kinetic Equations: Electron Energy Distribution Functions
Electric and Thermal Conductivity in Plasma: Diffusion of Charged Particles
Breakdown Phenomena: The Townsend and Spark Mechanisms, Avalanches, Streamers and Leaders
Steady-State Regimes of Nonequilibrium Electric Discharges

Kinetics of Excited Particles in Plasma

Vibrational Distribution Functions in Nonequilibrium Plasma: The Fokker–Planck Kinetic Equation
Nonequilibrium Vibrational Kinetics: eV-Processes, Polyatomic Molecules, Non-Steady-State Regimes
Macrokinetics of Chemical Reactions and Relaxation of Vibrationally Excited Molecules
Vibrational Kinetics in Gas Mixtures, Isotropic Effect in Plasma Chemistry
Kinetics of Electronically and Rotationally Excited States, Nonequilibrium Translational Distributions, Relaxation and Reactions of "Hot Atoms" in Plasma
Energy Efficiency, Energy Balance, and Macrokinetics of Plasma-Chemical Processes
Energy Efficiency of Quasi-Equilibrium Plasma-Chemical Systems: Absolute, Ideal, and Super-Ideal Quenching
Surface Reactions of Plasma-Excited Molecules in Chemistry, Metallurgy, and Bio-Medicine

Electrostatics, Electrodynamics, and Fluid Mechanics of Plasma

Electrostatic Plasma Phenomena: Debye-Radius and Sheaths, Plasma Oscillations and Plasma Frequency
Magneto-Hydrodynamics of Plasma
Instabilities of Low Temperature Plasma
Nonthermal Plasma Fluid Mechanics in Fast Subsonic and Supersonic Flows
Electrostatic, Magneto-Hydrodynamic and Acoustic Waves in Plasma
Propagation of Electro-Magnetic Waves in Plasma
Emission and Absorption of Radiation in Plasma, Continuous Spectrum
Spectral Line Radiation in Plasma
Nonlinear Phenomena in Plasma
Part II: Physics and Engineering of Electric Discharges
Glow Discharge
Structure and Physical Parameters of Glow Discharge Plasma, Current–Voltage Characteristics: Comparison of Glow and Dark Discharges
Cathode and Anode Layers of a Glow Discharge
Positive Column of Glow Discharge
Glow Discharge Instabilities
Different Specific Glow Discharge Plasma Sources

Arc Discharges

Physical Features, Types, Parameters, and Current–Voltage
Characteristics of Arc Discharges
Mechanisms of Electron Emission from Cathode
Cathode and Anode Layers in Arc Discharges
Positive Column of Arc Discharges
Different Configurations of Arc Discharges
Gliding Arc Discharge

Nonequilibrium Cold Atmospheric Pressure Discharges

Continuous Corona Discharge
The Pulsed Corona Discharge
Dielectric-Barrier Discharge
Spark Discharges
Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharges

Plasma Created in High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields: Radio-Frequency, Microwave, and Optical Discharges

Radio Fequency Discharges at High Pressures, Inductively Coupled Thermal RF Discharges
Thermal Plasma Generation in Microwave and Optical Discharges
Nonequilibrium RF Discharges, General Features of Nonthermal CCP Discharges
Nonthermal CCP Discharges of Moderate Pressure
Low Pressure CCP RF Discharges
Asymmetric, Magnetron and Other Special Forms of Low Pressure Capacitive RF Discharges
Nonthermal ICP Discharges
Nonthermal Low-Pressure Microwave and Other Wave-Heated Discharges
Nonequilibrium Microwave Discharges of Moderate Pressure

Discharges in Aerosols, Dusty Plasmas, and Liquids

Photoionization of Aerosols
Thermal Ionization of Aerosols
Electric Breakdown of Aerosols
Steady-State DC Electric Discharge in Heterogeneous Medium
Dusty Plasma Formation: Evolution of Nanoparticles in Plasma
Critical Phenomena in Dusty Plasma Kinetics
Nonequilibrium Clusterization in Centrifugal Field
Dusty Plasma Structures: Phase Transitions, Coulomb Crystals, Special Oscillations
Discharges in Liquids

Electron Beam Plasmas

Generation and Properties of Electron Beam Plasmas
Kinetics of Degradation Processes, Degradation Spectrum
Plasma-Beam Discharge
Nonequilibrium High-Pressure Discharges Sustained by High-Energy Electron Beams
Plasma in Tracks of Nuclear Fission Fragments, Plasma Radiolysis
Dusty Plasma Generation by a Relativistic Electron Beam

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Prof. Alexander Fridman is Nyheim Chair Professor of Drexel University and Director of Drexel Plasma Institute. His research focuses on plasma approaches to material treatment, fuel conversion and environmental control. Prof. Fridman has over 30 years of plasma research in national laboratories and universities of Russia, France, and the United States. He has published 5 books and 350 papers, and received numerous honors for his work, including Stanley Kaplan Distinguished Professorship in Chemical Kinetics and Energy Systems, George Soros Distinguished Professorship in Physics, and the State Prize of the USSR for discovery of selective stimulation of chemical processes in non-thermal plasma.

Prof. Lawrence A. Kennedy has been the Dean of Engineering and a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Illinois at Chicago since 1994. He has published over 200 archival publications and over 180 limited circulation reports and abstract reviewed papers. Prof. Kennedy has also won numerous awards such as The Ralph W. Kurtz Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering at OSU (1992-1995) and the Ralph Coats Roe Award from ASEE (1993). He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.


"Excellent for students. New addition of liquid plasma discharge is very good. ... Top rate ... opens the eyes of students who are learning this subject for the first time ... has the best chemistry of various plasma discharges and covers a wide range of industrial applications of cold plasma discharges."
—Young I Cho, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania