Police Corruption in Comparative Perspective: Building Trust in the Police in India and China, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Police Corruption in Comparative Perspective

Building Trust in the Police in India and China, 1st Edition

By George Chak Man Lee


248 pages | 4 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367321567
pub: 2019-08-26
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How has rapid economic modernization in China and India impacted upon policing? To what extent are the two police forces trusted by its citizens? Do the police carry out their duties in a fair and unbiased fashion? What does police corruption look like and why does it persist? And what are the influencing factors in decision-making at the moments-of-truth? Filling the lacuna of research into the police in China and India, this book offers a unique comparative study of the prevalence, nature and organization of police corruption in these countries.

This book provides key insights into the relationships between rapid economic modernisation, urbanisation and crime, and its effects on police organisational culture and behaviour as well as on ethical decision making. Moreover, this book performs an audit on which country is better placed to tackle corruption and professionalise their police service.

It offers a major contribution to comparative research on criminal justice. It is essential reading for all policing scholars and will be of interest to students of criminology, social and political sciences, development studies, Asian studies, and post-colonial studies.


"Dr George Lee’s experiences in Hong Kong and then as chief inspector in the Metropolitan Police together with a subsequent career in business and politics have given him a unique perspective on the culture of policing. His candour and compelling analysis of the temptations placed before police officers in modern day India and China provide a realistic test as to the efficacy and practicality of anti-corruption measures whether from within or outside the business of policing. His own experiences are interwoven with impressive field work primarily focused on the frontline interaction with the public. While an important tool for those engaged in promoting integrity in law enforcement it contributes much to the wider debate on containing corruption."

Professor Barry Rider OBE, Centre for Development Studies, Jesus College, University of Cambridge, UK

"There is a much to commend in this original and path-breaking book. Investigating the police services of China and India poses many difficult challenges that would deter most researchers. But George Lee has risen triumphantly to the occasion. The richness and illuminating nature of his analysis are testament to his skills as a researcher, as well as to the rich insights he brings from his earlier career as a Chief Inspector in the Metropolitan Police."

Professor Robert Ash, SOAS China Institute, University of London, UK

"Armed with experience gained from the streets of London and knowledge cultivated within the halls of Cambridge, Ex-Metropolitan Police Commander George Lee spearheaded this pioneer comparative study of policing in China vs. India, peppered with illumination and insights."

Professor Kam C. Wong, Professor of Criminal Justice and author of Policing in China: History and Reform (2009), Xavier University, USA

Table of Contents

1. Introduction; 2. Context; 3. Methodology; 4. How has economic modernisation impacted upon policing?; 5. To what extent are the two police forces trusted by its citizens?; 6. Do the police carry out their duties in a fair and unbiased fashion?; 7. What do police corruption/malpractices look like and why does it persist?; 8. What are the influencing factors in decision-making at the moments-of-truth?; 9. Conclusion; 10.Reflections

About the Author

George Lee is a Post-Doctoral Researcher at Trinity College, Cambridge University, UK

About the Series

Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice

Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice offers the very best in research on criminal justice systems around the world, offering fresh insights on a range of topics in criminal procedure, including policing, prisons, courts, youth justice, community measures, rehabilitation, victimology and forensics science.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology