Police Corruption in the NYPD: From Knapp to Mollen explores how the New York Police Department experienced two major investigations within a quarter of a century. It compares the states of corruption within the NYPD during the Knapp and Mollen commissions, examining why corruption continued and why the revealed ethical breaches became more serious. It also discusses how corruption was enhanced even after accountability and responsibility were assigned to department administration.
The book gives in-depth discussions of the Knapp and Mollen reports and relates the history and relevance of efforts to combat corruption and to improve police practices. It uses empirical data from interviews and current NYPD recruit training documents as reference materials in examining police practices. It also identifies failures of leadership that contributed to the systemic ethical degeneration of the NYPD.
Police Corruption in the NYPD goes beyond the training of ethics and enforcement by delving into the departmental failures that permit officers to develop from being merely unethical to becoming criminals. By presenting and analyzing theories of corruption from current authorities, it lays a foundation for critical discussion and comparison between commissions as well as current department ethical training and practices.
Table of Contents
The Need for External Oversight
The Knapp Commission Investigation
The Mollen Commission Investigation
Judicial Findings and Action Taken by the New York Police Department
Training Ethics for the Police Recruit
A Tale of Two Eras: A Comparison
Appendix A: Legal Aspects of Corruption
Appendix B: Charge Data of Police Officers 1968–1972
Appendix C: Police Code of Ethics
Appendix D: Police Studies Learning Outcomes
Appendix E: Case Studies of Allegations of Misconduct/Corruption
Dr. Steven V. Gilbert is a professor of forensic science and psychological profiling at the University of Phoenix and is a retired special agent with the United States Army Criminal Investigation Command. During his tenure with the Army CID, he was responsible for investigating a wide variety of felony offenses of which the US government was a party of interest. He has taught criminal justice and forensic sciences since 1987. Among this coursework was curriculum development of the ethics of criminal justice and in interrogations. Dr. Gilbert published his textbook Interviewing and Interrogation: The Discovery of Truth in 2004 and earned his PhD in criminal justice in 2005.
Dr. Barbara A. Gilbert is a forensic nurse educator, teaching courses in legal and ethical issues, criminal justice, education, and nursing. She has provided instruction for courses in both ground and online classroom environments at the associate, baccalaureate, and master’s levels. She earned her doctorate in education with a specialization in curriculum and instruction in 2010. Dr. Gilbert is a professor of nursing for Excelsior College and SUNY Empire State College.