As the threats posed by organised crime and terrorism persist, law enforcement authorities remain under pressure to suppress the movement, or flows, of people and objects that are deemed dangerous. This collection provides a broad overview of the challenges and trends of the policing of flows. How these threats are constructed and addressed by governments and law enforcement agencies is the unifying thread of the book. The concept of flows is interpreted broadly so as to include the trafficking of illicit substances, wildlife trade, and legal and illegal migration, including cross-border travel by members of organised crime groups or ‘foreign fighters’. The book focuses especially on the responses of governments and law enforcement agencies to the changing nature and intensity of flows. The contributors comprise a mixture of lawyers, sociologists, historians and criminologists who address both formal legal and practical, on-the-ground approaches to the policing of flows.
The volume invites reflection on whether the existing tool kit of governments and law enforcement agencies is adequate in this changing environment and how it could be modernised, for example, by increased reliance on technology or by reappraising the role of the private sector. As such, the book will be useful not only for academics and practitioners who work on security-related matters, but also more generally to those who are interested in what the near-term future of policing is likely to look like and how the balance between law enforcement on the one hand and human rights and civil liberties on the other can be achieved.
Table of Contents
Setting the Scene;
- ‘Introduction’ by Saskia Hufnagel and Anton Moiseienko;
- ‘The History and Nature of Flows: An Exploration of the Continuity and Changes of the Policing of Flows from the 16th to the 21st Century’ by Martin Nøkleberg;
- ‘Going with the Flow: Comparative Research on Transnational Port Security’ by Eva Dinchel and Marleen Easton;
- ‘Controlling IUU Fishing through Problem-Oriented Policing’ by Jade Lindley and Erika Techera;
- ‘"You just have to wear it": Trafficking of metal-detected antiquities from South-East Asia’ by Samuel Hardy;
- ‘Challenges of Policing Migration Flows through Smart Border Technology: Case Study of the Mediterranean Region’ by Mehari Fisseha;
- ‘Cultural Differences or Cultural Bias? Towards a Project on the Policing of the Calabrian ‘Ndrangheta Abroad’ by Anna Sergi;
- ‘Foreign Fighters in Germany and France: A Comparative Analysis of Legal Frameworks and Police Methods’ by Vasiliki Chalkiadaki;
- ‘Policing and Intelligence Flows in Counter-Terrorism: Current Challenges for European Policing’ by Saskia Hufnagel;
- ‘Fusion Centres as Security Networks: Exploring the Relational Properties of Networked Intelligence Systems’ by David Bright and Chad Whelan;
- ‘Value of Transparency: The Role of Beneficial Ownership Registers in Tackling Crime’ by Anton Moiseienko;
- ‘Conclusions’ by Saskia Hufnagel and Anton Moiseienko;
Flows of Goods;
Flows of People;
Law Enforcement Techniques;
Saskia Hufnagel is a senior lecturer in Criminal Law and co-director of the Criminal Justice Centre at Queen Mary University of London.
Anton Moiseienko is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Financial Crime & Security Studies of the Royal United Services Institute, London. He holds a PhD in law from Queen Mary University of London. His research interests include economic crime, international law and cybercrime.