Policy and Governance in Post-Conflict Settings : Theory & Practice book cover
1st Edition

Policy and Governance in Post-Conflict Settings
Theory & Practice

ISBN 9781482248548
Published August 27, 2019 by Routledge
174 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Post-conflict societies are commonly constructed as weak, fragile, and failed states. Economic recovery, risks of renewed violent conflict, natural resource degradation, and poverty alleviation become prioritized agendas of donor countries and international institutions. Billions of dollars on development policy and governance reform have been invested. However, misapplication, ineffectiveness, and foreign aid dependency have become a controversial debate on "whose policy, whose governance, and whose outcomes."

To understand the problems, the author employs a blend of social constructionism and discourse theory to establish a platform for understanding and discussing hegemonic aid conditionality on recipient governments. The theories also help analyze how the meanings of "post-conflict governance" are socially, economically, and politically constructed and used in state building, state apparatuses, institutional building, and policy-making process. He reveals that the philosophical and theoretical knowledge that underlies the interface between the mode of governance and policy design create the consensus of values, norms and indicators between experts, public servants, donors and communities in post-conflict settings. The author also shares illuminating case studies by way of his considerable wealth of experience leading reconstructive efforts in Afghanistan and Cambodia.

Table of Contents


Part I: Introduction

  1. Experience and Passion for Writing This Book
  2. Chapters of the Book

Part II: Ideology and Global Peace

Chapter 1: From Ideological Orthodoxy to Neoliberal Peace

    1. The Evolution of Neoliberal Ideology
    2. The Hegemony of Neoliberalism
    3. What is Neoliberal Peace?
    4. Dominant Discourse of Neoliberal Peace
    5. The Diffusion of Neoliberal Peace into Peacemaking, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Processes
      1. Peacemaking Process
      2. Peacekeeping Process
      3. Peacebuilding Process
      4. Statebuilding Process
        1. State Power
        2. Constitution-Making Process
        3. Institutional Systems
        4. Political Systems
        5. Electoral Models

    6. The Implications of Neoliberal Peace
    7. Conclusion

Chapter 2: Theoretical Underpinning and Relevance to Neoliberal Peace

    1. Introduction
    2. Idealist Approaches to Neoliberal Peace
    3. The Realist Critique of Neoliberal Peace
    4. Critical Theorist Approach to Neoliberal Peace
      1. Marginalizing and Oppressing Discourses

    5. Conclusion

Part III: Core Tenets of Neoliberal Peace and Its Policy Agendas

Chapter 3: Democracy as Policy Agenda for Peace

    1. The Interface between Democracy and Peace
    2. Idealist Approaches to Democracy
      1. Idealist Tenets of Democracy

    3. The Realist Critique of Democracy
    4. The Diffusion of Democracy into Development Assistance Programs
    5. Conclusion

Chapter 4: Human Rights as Policy Agenda for Peace

    1. Human Rights Landscapes
    2. The Interface between Human Rights and Peace
    3. Different Generations of Human Rights
    4. Why Human Rights Enter into IR Contexts?
      1. Human Rights from Idealist Perspective
      2. The Realist Critique of Human Rights

    5. Critical Theorist Approaches to Human Rights
    6. Conclusion

Chapter 5: Economic Liberalization as Policy Agenda for Peace

    1. Violence and Economic Costs
    2. Peace Economics
    3. Modalities of Peace Economics
      1. Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs)

    4. Implications of Economic Liberalization
      1. Pro-Poor Policy
      2. Distributive Policy
      3. Redistributive Policy
      4. Constituent Policy
      5. Regulatory Policy

    5. Conclusion

Chapter 6: Good Governance as Policy Instruments for Peace

    1. From Global Governance to Good Governance
    2. The Evolution of Governance
    3. Theoretical Underpinnings and Relevance to Governance
      1. Foucault’s Governmentality
      2. Foucault’s Power Relations

    4. Core Tenets of Good Governance
      1. Legitimacy
      2. Delegation Authority
      3. Rule of Law
      4. Core Competency Framework
      5. Accountability
      6. Social Cohesion and Inclusiveness

    5. Conclusion

Chapter 7: Foreign Policy Framework and Foreign Policy Decision-Making

    1. Framework of Foreign Policy
    2. Foreign Policy Transfer/Diffusion
    3. Foreign Policy Actors and Policy Think Tanks
    4. Theories-Based Analysis for Foreign Policy
      1. Idealist Approaches to Foreign Policy Analysis
      2. Realist Approaches to Foreign Policy Analysis

    5. Foreign Policy Decision-Making (FPDM)
      1. A Classic Model
      2. A Contemporary Model
      3. Policy Alignment and Coherence

    6. Conclusion

Chapter 8: Reflection on Neoliberal Peace Principles in Cambodia

    1. Linking Neoliberal Ideology with Cultural and Historical Background
    2. The Reason Why Democracy is/isn’t Working Well
    3. The Reason Why Human Rights is/isn’t Working Well
    4. The Reason Why Neoliberal Economics is/isn’t Working Well
    5. The Reason Why Better Governance is/isn’t Working Well
    6. Conclusion

Chapter 9: Concluding Chapter


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Puthsodary Tat is a Senior Research Advisor at the Cambodia Development Research Institute (CDRI). He was an Assistant Professor of Public Administration at the American University of Afghanistan (AUAF). He has experience working as a director, coordinator, team leader and consultant with the United Nations, local and international NGOs, and government ministries in Cambodia.