Polis, Nation, Global Community The Philosophic Foundations of Citizenship
This book examines the basic tenets of nation, nationalism and citizenship. It explores the relevance of the nation-state to human freedom and flourishing, as well as the concept of citizenship that it implies, in contrast to that of the ancient polis and the "global community." The volume focusses on the shifting notions of various political concepts over time to present a systematic understanding of core concepts such as polis, nation and state from antiquity to the present. It includes contributions that analyze ancient and modern thought, and sections that address postmodern and contemporary thinkers, including Aristotle, Cicero, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Tocqueville, Nietzsche, Arendt, Weil, Grant and Manent.
A comprehensive handbook to introductory politics, this book will be invaluable to students and teachers of political science, especially political theory, political philosophy, democracy, political participation and international relations theory.
Part I: Ancient Conceptions of Polis and Empire
1.Citizenship and the Polis in Aristotle’s Politics
2. Cicero’s Empire of Wisdom
Part II: Modern Birth and Life of the Nation-State
3. Defining the Law of Nations: Revisions of Cicero’s ius gentium in Suárez, Grotius, and Burke
Michael R. Gonzalez
4. The Creation of Man: Linguistic Reformation and the Necessity of the State in the Work of Thomas Hobbes
5. Nation against Empire: J.G. Fichte on Economics and Cultural Nationalism
6. Religious Authority, the Social Contract and the Need for Political Friendship
Part II: The Postmodern Challenge to Nationalism and State Sovereignty
7. Nietzsche Against the Sovereign Individual in the Second Essay of the Genealogy
8. What is a People?
Part IV: Contemporary Challenges to the Global Citizenship
9. Rootedness and National Identity in the 21st Century
10. Honor, Cynicism, and Liberal Education
11. Loving One’s Own: Pathway to Justice or Retrograde Tribalism?
12. Pierre Manent on the Nation, Humanity, and Politics as the Great Mediation