What makes large, multi-ethnic states hang together? At a time when ethnic and religious conflict has gained global prominence, the territorial organization of states is a critical area of study.
Exploring how multi-ethnic and geographically dispersed states grapple with questions of territorial administration and change, this book argues that territorial change is a result of ongoing negotiations between states and societies where mutual and overlapping interests can often emerge. It focuses on the changing dynamics of central-local relations in Indonesia. Since the fall of Suharto’s New Order government, new provinces have been sprouting up throughout the Indonesian archipelago. After decades of stability, this sudden change in Indonesia’s territorial structure is puzzling. The author analyses this "provincial proliferation", which is driven by multilevel alliances across different territorial administrative levels, or territorial coalitions. He demonstrates that national level institutional changes including decentralization and democratization explain the timing of the phenomenon. Variations also occur based on historical, cultural, and political contexts at the regional level. The concept of territorial coalitions challenges the dichotomy between centre and periphery that is common in other studies of central-local relations.
This book will be of interest to scholars in the fields of comparative politics, political geography, history and Asian and Southeast Asian politics.
Table of Contents
1. Territorial Change in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia 2. Breaking Boundaries, Splitting Regions: The Politics of Territorial Coalitions 3. Origins and Dilemmas of Territorial Administration in Colonial Indonesia 4. Post-Colonial Territorial Administration and the Imperative Toward Centralization 5. Marginality and Opportunity in the Periphery 6. Territoriality and Membership: The Case of Kepulauan Riau 7. Elite Conflict and Pressure From Above: Dividing West Papua 8. Politics of Territorial Change: Comparisons and Conclusions
Ehito Kimura is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa. His research interests include contemporary Indonesian and Southeast Asia politics.