2nd Edition

Political Corruption Readings in Comparative Analysis

Edited By Arnold Heidenheimer Copyright 1970
    593 Pages
    by Routledge

    594 Pages
    by Routledge

    Corruption is once again high on the international policy agenda as a result of globalization, the spread of democracy, and major scandals and reform initiatives. But the concept itself has been a focus for social scientists for many years, and new findings and data take on richer meanings when viewed in the context of long-term developments and enduring conceptual debates. This compendium, a much-enriched version of a work that has been a standard reference in the field since 1970, offers concepts, cases, and fresh evidence for comparative analysis.Building on a nucleus of classic studies laying out the nature and development of the concept of corruption, the book also incorporates recent work on economic, cultural, and linguistic dimensions of the problem, as well as critical analyses of several approaches to reform. While many authors are political scientists, work by historians, economists, and sociologists are strongly represented. Two-thirds of the nearly fifty articles are based either on studies especially written or translated for this volume, or on selected journal literature published in the 1990s. The tendency to treat corruption as merely a synonym for bribery is illuminated by analyses of the diverse terminology and linguistic techniques that help distinguish corruption problems in the major languages. Recent attempts to measure corruption, and to analyze its causes and effects quantitatively are also critically examined. New contributions emphasize especially: corruption phenomena in Asia and Africa; contrasts among region and regime types; comparing U.S. state corruption incidence; European Party finance and corruption; assessments of international corruption rating project; analyses of international corruption control treaties; unintended consequences of anti-corruption efforts. Cumulatively, the book combines description richness, analytical thrust, conceptual awareness, and contextual articulation.

    1: The Context of Analysis; 1: Definitions, Concepts, and Criteria; 1: What Is the Problem about Corruption?; 2: The Concept of Corruption 1; 3: The Sociology of Corruption; 4: Techniques of Political Graft; 5: The Definition of Corruption; 6: The Nature of Political Corruption; 7: Black-Market Bureaucracy; 2: The Evolution of Public-Office Concepts and Rules; 8: Corruption as a Historical Phenomenon; 9: Performance Levels and Bureaucratic Structures; 10: The Sale of Public Offices; 11: Bureaucratic Institutionalization in Nineteenth Century Europe; 12: Patronage and the Public Service: Jeffersonian Bureaucracy and the British Tradition; 3: Behavioral and Normative Perspectives on the “Incidence” of Corruption; 13: The Moral Basis of a Backward Society; 14: Patronage In Sicily 1; 15: Village Friendship and Patronage; 16: Crime and Mobility among Italian-Americans; 17: The Politics of Corruption in an American City; 18: Ticket-Fixing in Massachusetts; 2: The Analysis of Administrative Corruption; 4: South and Southeast Asia; 19: Sociological Aspects of Corruption in Southeast Asia 1; 20: The “Sala Model” and Comparative Administration; 21: The Dimensions of Corruption in India; 22: Corruption as a Hindrance to Modernization in South Asia; 5: Contemporary Europe; 23: Administrative Corruption in Theory and Dutch Practice; 24: The British Method of Dealing with Political Corruption; 25: The Decline of the Bureaucratic Ethos in the Federal Republic; 6: The United States; 26: Corruption: The Special Case of the United States; 27: Spoilsmen and Reformers: Civil Service Reform and Public Morality; 28: Municipal Corruption: A Comment on Lincoln Steffens 1; 29: A Theory about Corruption; 30: Corruption: The Shame of the States; 31: The Purity Potlatch: Conflict of Interests and Moral Escalation; 7: Africa; 32: Corruption in the Public Services of British Colonies and Ex-Colonies in West Africa; 33: Nepotism and Bribery in West Africa; 34: New States and the Concept of Corruption; 35: Kleptocracy as a System of Government in Africa; 3: The Analysis of Electoral and Legislative Corruption; 8: Western Europe; 36: How the Government Won Elections under Napoleon III; 37: Socioeconomic Development and the Incidence of English Corrupt Campaign Practices; 38: The Nature and Decline of Corrupt Election Expenditures in Nineteenth-Century Britain; 39: German Attempts at the Legal Definition of Parliamentary Corruption; 9: The United States; 40: The Alarming Proportion of Venal Voters in Connecticut; 41: The Purchase of Votes in New York City; 42: The City Boss: Game Politician or Gain Politician; 43: Congressional Ethics and the Conflict of Interest Issue; 44: 44.Group Politics and the Disclosure Idea; 10: The Developing Nations; 45: Bribery in the Election of Ashanti Chiefs; 46: Remuneration Levels and Corruption in French-Speaking Africa; 47: Corruption and Self-Interest in Kampala and Nairobi; 48: The Peso Price of Politics in the Philippines; 4: Corruption and Modernization; 11: Assessing Effects, Toxic and Tonic; 49: Towards a Grammar of Graft; 50: Modernization and Corruption; 51: Apologies for Political Corruption; 52: Economic Development through Bureaucratic Corruption 1; 53: The Effects of Corruption in a Developing Nation; 54: The Contribution of Nepotism, Spoils, and Graft to Political Development; 55: Corruption: Its Causes and Effects; 56: Bureaucracy versus Kleptocracy; 57: Corruption, Machine Politics, and Political Change; 58: Corruption and Political Development: A Cost-Benefit Analysis


    Michael Johnston