Political ecology explicitly addresses the relations between the social and the natural, arguing that social and environmental conditions are deeply and inextricably linked. Its emphasis on the material state of nature as the outcome of political processes, as well as the construction and understanding of nature itself as political is greatly relevant to tourism.
Very few tourism scholars have used political ecology as a lens to examine tourism-centric natural resource management issues. This book brings together experts in the field, with a foreword from Piers Blaikie, to provide a global exploration of the application of political ecology to tourism. It addresses the underlying issues of power, ownership, and policies that determine the ways in which tourism development decisions are made and implemented. Furthermore, contributions document the complex array of relationships between tourism stakeholders, including indigenous communities, and multiple scales of potential conflicts and compromises.
This groundbreaking book covers 15 contributions organized around four cross-cutting themes of communities and livelihoods; class, representation, and power; dispossession and displacement; and, environmental justice and community empowerment. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars in tourism, geography, anthropology, sociology, environmental studies, and natural resources management.
Introduction: Political ecology and tourism – concepts and constructs Sanjay K. Nepal, Jarkko Saarinen and Erin McLean-Purdon Part I: Communities and Livelihoods Introduction 1. Indigenous tourism as a sustainable social-environmental enterprise: The political ecology of tourism in Southeast Alaska Thomas F. Thornton and Paphaphit Wanasuk 2. Political ecology of the flats fishing industry in the Bahamas Thomas Karrow & Tracey Thompson 3. Decommodifying neoliberal conservation? A political ecology of volunteer tourism in Costa Rica Noella J. Gray, Lisa M. Campbell, and Alexandra Meeker 4. The politics of community-based ecotourism in Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhutan Heidi Karst and Ngawang Gyeltshen Part II: Class, Representation and Power Introduction 5. "A fragmented shore": Class politics and the Connecticut beaches Adam Keul 6. The call of the wild: Power and ideology in the Adirondack Park Elizabeth S. Vidon 7. Political ecology of community-based natural resources management: Principles and practices of power sharing in Botswana Monkgogi Lenao and Jarkko Saarinen 8. Conservation for whom? Parks, people, and tourism in Annapurna Conservation Area, NepalSmriti Dahal & Sanjay K. Nepal Part III: Disposession and Displacement Introduction 9. Maya as commodity fetish: Accumulation by dispossession and ecotourism in the Yucatan Peninsula Alex R. Colucci and Amanda N. Mullett 10. A political ecology of tourism in the shadow of an inter-oceanic canal in Nicaragua: Displacing poverty or displacing social and environmental welfare? Carter Hunt 11. High-end coastal tourism in northeastern Brazil: Implications for local livelihoods and natural resources management Fernanda de Vasconcellos Pegas 12. Tourism development, dispossession and displacement of local communities in the Okavango Delta, Botswana Joseph E. Mbaiwa Part IV: Environmental Justice and Community EmpowermentIntroduction 13. Context-sensitive political ecology to consolidate local realities under global discourses: A view for tourism studies Hannu I. Heikkinen, Nicolás Acosta García, Simo Sarkki and Élise Lépy 14. "Skwelkwek’welt is what we call this place": Indigenous-Settler relations and the "othered" side of British Columbia’s Sun Peaks Resort Lisa Cooke 15. Environment, Gender and Identity: The Taselotzin Project by Indigenous Women in Cuetzalan, Mexico Isis Saavedra-Luna and Yolanda Massieu-Trigo 16. Conclusions: Towards a political ecology of tourism - key issues and research prospects Jarkko Saarinen and Sanjay K. Nepal
The Routledge Studies in Political Ecology series provides a forum for original, innovative and vibrant research surrounding the diverse field of political ecology. This series promotes interdisciplinary scholarly work drawing on a wide range of subject areas such as geography, anthropology, sociology, politics and environmental history. Titles within the series reflect the wealth of research being undertaken within this diverse and exciting field.