Social structure may historically have been of primary importance in accounting for the attitudes and behaviour of many citizens, but now changes in social structure have diminished the role played by class and religious affiliation, whilst the significance of personality in political leadership has increased. This volume explores, both theoretically and empirically, the increasingly important role played by the personalisation of leadership. Acknowledging the part played by social cleavages, it focuses on the personal relationships and psychological dimension between citizens and political leaders. It begins by examining the changes which have taken place in the relationship among citizens, the parties which they support and the leaders of these parties in a European context. The authors then assess how far the phenomena of ‘personalised leadership’ differ from country to country, and the forms which these differences take. The book includes comparative case studies on Britain and Northern Ireland, France, Italy, Poland, Japan and Thailand; it concentrates on eleven prominent leaders epitomising personalised political leadership: Thatcher, Blair, Mitterand, Chirac, Le Pen, Berlusconi, Bossi, Walesa, Lepper, Koizumi and Thaksin. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, comparative politics and political leadership.
Part 1: Personalisation of Leaders and Citizens-Party Relationships 2. The Problems Posed by the ‘Social Cleavages’ Analysis of Parties 3. Types of Personal Relationships among Leaders, their Parties and the Citizens of these Parties 4. The Psychological Bases of the Relationship between Citizens and Parties and the Role of Leaders 5. Parties and Personalised Leaders: Pre-Existing Parties and New Parties. A Preliminary General Survey 6. A Prospective Methodology for the Analysis of the Links between Leaders, Parties and Citizens Part 2: Case Studies of Party Personalisation of Leadership 7. Introduction: The Need to Examine Specific Aspects of the Impact of Party Personalisation by Means of Case-Studies 8. Great Britain - Did Party Personalisation of Leadership Save the British Two-Party System? 9. France - The Personalisation of Leadership and French Political Parties 10. Italy 11. Poland 12. Japan - The Personalisation of Politics: Koizumi and Japanese Politics 13. Thailand - The Personalisation of the Party Leader: Thaksin, Parties and Thailand