Political Parties, Party Manifestos and Elections in India, 1909–2014
In the parliamentary system of government, manifestos constitute and represent an important aspect of the democratic electoral politics as statements of a party’s ideology, response and policy. This book offers an examination of election manifestos of different political parties in India at the national level. It explores the manifesto as an input to the policy process and presents a comparative perspective and understanding on the issues and approaches of the national political parties on key affairs.
The book traces the evolution of the electoral system, political parties and party manifestos in India as they emerged and developed over time. It looks at the Statutes of 1909, 1919 and 1935 along with the party manifestos and elections until 1945–46. The author further analyses Constituent Assembly debates on the electoral system and the stances of political parties on national reconstruction through documents from parties, including the Indian National Congress, the Communist Party of India, the Socialist Party, Jana Sangh and the All India Scheduled Castes Federation.
Covering manifestos of sixteen Lok Sabha Elections (from the first general election of 1952 to 2014), this book provides a comprehensive overview of how major political parties think on significant social, economic, political, foreign and defence-related issues. It will be useful to scholars and researchers of political science, election studies, modern Indian history, public administration, law and governance, sociology, media and journalism as also to legislators and policymakers.
Table of Contents
List of Tables. Foreword by T.N. Chaturvedi. Acknowledgements. Abbreviations. Glossary. Introduction. Chapter 1 Evolution of Ideas on Nation-Building and Modernization. Chapter 2 Constitutional Reforms, Electoral System, Political Parties and Elections before Independence. Chapter 3 Electoral System, Political Parties and Lok Sabha Elections. Chapter 4 A Comparative Analysis of Party Manifestos of National Political Parties. Conclusion. Note on Bibliography. Index
R. K. Tiwari is former Professor of Public Administration and former Honorary Consultant at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, India. He also worked as Senior Consultant, Centre for Public Policy and Governance, Institute of Applied Manpower Research and was Senior Fellow at the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR). His books include Rural Employment Programmes in India: The Implementation Process (1990); Human Rights and Law: Bonded Labour in India (2011); and Reflections on Indian Administration, 2 volumes (2017, co-edited). In 2013, he was conferred the Paul H. Appleby Award for rendering outstanding services in the field of Public Administration.