Since 2008 many European states have experienced significant challenges in adapting to austerity, and political actors within these states have made significant changes in their discourses and practices. This book explores the short-term impact of the sovereign debt crisis on aspects of political representation in Greece and Portugal, two of the countries that have been the most severely affected. It provides the most systematic examination to date of the attitudinal change of voters and elites regarding participation and representation, and of the legitimacy of the political system in two of the bailed-out Eurozone states. By examining the congruence between elites and voters, the shift in the patterns of competition, and the position of both citizens and representatives on the main issues, the studies contribute towards a reassessment of the validity of the responsible party model and of theories about democratic accountability. By relying on original mass and elite surveys conducted both before and after the bailouts, the volume helps us understand how the EU/IMF intervention has affected partisan alignments in Greece and Portugal, as well as the differences and similarities in the way political elites and civil society have adapted to severe austerity. This book was originally published as a special issue of South European Society & Politics.
Table of Contents
1. Political Representation in Bailed-out Southern Europe: Greece and Portugal Compared André Freire, Marco Lisi, Ioannis Andreadis and José Manuel Leite Viegas
2. Representation and Austerity Politics: Attitudes of Greek Voters and Elites Compared Georgios Karyotis, Wolfgang Rüdig and David Judge
3. Elites’ and Voters’ Attitudes towards Austerity Policies and their Consequences in Greece and Portugal Eftichia Teperoglou, André Freire, Ioannis Andreadis and José Manuel Leite Viegas
4. Awakening the Sleeping Giant in Greece and Portugal? Elites’ and Voters’ Attitudes towards EU Integration in Difficult Economic Times André Freire, Eftichia Teperoglou and Catherine Moury
5. Support for Democracy in Times of Crisis: Diffuse and Specific Regime Support in Portugal and Greece Conceição Pequito Teixeira, Emmanouil Tsatsanis and Ana Maria Belchior
6. The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Ideological Space in Portugal and Greece: A Comparison of Elites and Voters Emmanouil Tsatsanis, André Freire and Yannis Tsirbas
7. Campaign Individualisation before and after the Bailout: A Comparison between Greece and Portugal Marco Lisi and José Santana-Pereira
André Freire is Assistant Professor with habilitation and Head of the Bachelor degree programme in Political Science at ISCTE-IUL (Lisbon University Institute), Portugal. His research interests include electoral behaviour, and political attitudes, institutions, elites and representation.
Marco Lisi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Studies at the New University of Lisbon, Portugal. His main research interests are political parties, party systems, electoral behaviour, political campaigns and democratic theory.
Ioannis Andreadis is an Assistant Professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He is a member of the ECPR steering committee of the standing group on public opinion and voting behaviour in a comparative perspective and the comparative candidate survey, a specialist on political web surveys, and leader of the WebDataNet Task Force: Web Survey Paradata.
José Manuel Leite Viegas is an Associate Professor of Political Sociology at ISCTE-IUL (Lisbon University Institute), Portugal, where he is currently director of the Department of Political Science and Public Policies. He was founder and president of CIES-ISCTE (Centre for Studies and Research in Sociology), where he is now a senior researcher.