Politics and Conflict in Governance and Planning offers a critical evaluation of manifold ways in which the political dimension is reflected in contemporary planning and governance. While the theoretical debates on post-politics and the wider frame of post-foundational political theory provide substantive explanations for the crisis in planning and governance, still there is a need for a better understanding of how the political is manifested in the planning contents, shaped by institutional arrangements and played out in the planning processes. This book undertakes a reassessment of the changing role of the political in contemporary planning and governance. Employing a wide range of empirical research conducted in several regions of the world, it draws a more complex and heterogeneous picture of the context-specific depoliticisation and repoliticisation processes taking place in local and regional planning and governance. It shows not only the domination of market forces and the consequent suppression of the political but also how political conflicts and struggles are defined, tackled and transformed in view of the multifaceted rules and constraints recently imposed to local and regional planning.
Switching the focus to how strategies and forms of depoliticised governance can be repoliticised through renewed planning mechanisms and socio-political mobilisation, Politics and Conflict in Governance and Planning is a critical and much needed contribution to the planning literature and its incorporation of the post-politics and post-democracy debate.
Table of Contents
1. The Political in Governance and Planning
[Ayda Eraydin & Klaus Frey]
Part I: Existing and Emerging Paradigms on Spatial Planning and Governance: A Critical Evaluation
2. Crisis in Planning Theory: Is the Political a Way Out of the Impasse in Planning?
[Ayda Eraydin & Tuna Taşan-Kok]
3. Planning and Governance: Towards Radical Political Approaches
[Rainer Randolph & Klaus Frey]
Part II: Conflict in Governance and Planning Practices: Problems of Post-Political Trends
4. Multi-Level Power Relations and Planning Conflicts in a ‘Land of Exception’: The Case of the Sughereta di Niscemi Reserve in Sicily
[Francesco Lo Piccolo, Filippo Schilleci & Vincenzo Todaro]
5. Engaging in Politics of Participation: Managing Power through Action Research
[Anlı Ataöv, Güliz Bilgin Altınöz & Neriman Şahin Güçhan]
6. Different Understandings of ‘Public Interest’ as a Source of Conflict: Portuguese Spatial Planning and Practice
[Joana Almeida & Fernando Nunes Da Silva]
7. The Conflict between Free Market Capitalism and Social Policies: Mexican Housing Policy
Part III: New Attempts to Overcome the Post-Political Trends in Planning and Governance
8. Shifting Political Conditions for Spatial Planning in the Nordic Countries
[Peter Schmitt & Lukas Smas]
9. Politicising the Regional Scale? The Politics of Metropolitan Governance in Germany, Canada and Brazil
10. Local Welfare Governance and Social Innovation: The Ambivalence of the Political
[Lavinia Bifulco & Maria Dodaro]
11. Politicisation of Community Development: Universities as Boundary Objects
12. A Counter-Movement to ‘Place-Less’ Power: Planners as Progressive Place-Based Leaders
Part IV: Reflections and Conclusions
13. Scientific Knowledge and Decision-Making in Planning: Understanding Emotional
14. Afterword: I Am Realistic. I Expect Miracles
[Klaus Frey & Ayda Eraydin]
Ayda Eraydin is Professor in the City and Regional Planning Department at Middle East Technical University, Turkey. She is the Chair of the PhD Supervisory Committee and coordinator of the Postgraduate Program in Regional Planning of the same department. She has initiated, coordinated and been involved in some large-scale national and international research projects on various urban and regional issues since 1986. Her research interests are local economic development, socio-spatial dynamics of cities and regions and planning theory and practice. She has published on various aspects of urban and regional development, including the socio-spatial implications of economic restructuring on urban areas, resilience thinking in urban planning and recently on governing urban diversity.
Klaus Frey is Professor of the Federal University of ABC, Brazil, in the Postgraduate Programmess in Territorial Planning and Management as well as in Public Policies. He coordinated the latter from 2013 to 2017. He was visiting Professor at the Master in Urban Management at University Unipiloto of Colombia, and at the Postgraduate Programme "Programming and Management of the Political and the Social Services' at University Milano-Bicocca. He is a researcher at the Brazilian National Research Council (CNPQ), working specifically on the following subjects: local and metropolitan governance, institutional analysis, policy networks, democracy and participation, public policy analysis, environmental governance and policy.
‘This is a valuable collection which focuses on politics in and of planning. Drawing on research from different parts of the world, several chapters provide nuanced understandings of planning as politics of place.’ - Simin Davoudi, Director of Global Urban Research Unit (GURU), Newcastle University, UK