Polymer Carbon Nanotube Composites: The Polymer Latex Concept, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Polymer Carbon Nanotube Composites

The Polymer Latex Concept, 1st Edition

Edited by Cor Koning, Marie-Claire Hermant, Nadia Grossiord

Jenny Stanford Publishing

256 pages | 96 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2012-04-11
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Description

This book provides readers with a comprehensive toolbox for dispersing single-walled and multiwalled carbon nanotubes in thermoplastic polymer matrices. The book starts with an overview of all known techniques for dispersing CNTs in thermoplastic polymers and then concentrates on one of the most versatile techniques known nowadays: the so-called latex technology. Also discussed are the basic principles of this latex technology, the role of the matrix viscosity on percolation threshold, the importance of the intrinsic CNT quality, the use of "smart" surfactants facilitating electron transport in the final composite, the preparation of highly loaded master-batches, which can be diluted with virgin polymer by melt-extrusion, and some promising potential applications.

Reviews

"These authors are leading researchers and have done a great service to the community by capturing the current understanding of carbon nanotube polymer nanocomposites. Active research in industry and academia alike will find this book a timely and valuable resource, particularly as it pertains to electrical conductivity of these fascinating materials."

—Prof. Karen I. Winey - University of Pennsylvania, USA

"Carbon nanotubes are promising conductive fillers for a variety of applications from organic electronics to electrostatic dissipation of composites. This book provides a valuable review on the processing of nanotube dispersions and composites. An emphasis is given to the "latex technology", one of the most efficient approaches to achieve conductive networks of nanotubes. This book will be of great interest to a broad readership in chemistry, physics and materials science in both academia and industry."

—Dr. Philippe Poulin - Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal, France

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Composite Materials

Altered Behavior of Nano-Fillers

Carbon Nanotubes and Composites Thereof

Percolation Theory for Rods

Scope of This Book

Toolbox for Dispersing Carbon Nanotubes into Polymers to Get Electrically Conductive Nanocomposites

General Introduction

Incorporation of CNTs into a Polymer Matrix: A Challenge

Ultrasound

CNT Purification

Methods to Disperse Individual CNTs in a Polymer Matrix

Conclusions

Tailoring and Monitoring the Sonication-Driven Dispersion of Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Surfactant Solutions

Introduction

Characterization of the Bundling of CNT Aqueous Dispersions in General; Monitoring of the Debundling Process in Particular: A Short Overview of Suitable Characterization Techniques

Optimization of the CNT Debundling Parameters to Make Conductive CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites with UV-Vis Spectroscopy

Food for Thought: A Critic of Purification of SWCNTs

Centrifugation of Aqueous Surfactant-CNT Dispersions

Conclusions

Aspects of Processing Methods and Conditions Affecting Percolation Networks

Segregated Networks and Dynamic Percolation

The Role of the Matrix Viscosity: Molecular Weight Distributions and Processing Temperatures

Processing Techniques and Percolation Thresholds

Conclusions

On the Versatility of the Latex-Based Process Regarding the Choice of the Polymer Matrix of the Nanocomposite

Introduction

Semi-Crystalline Polypropylene Matrix

Polymer Blends

Conclusions

Manipulating the Percolation of CNTs Using Hybrid Composite Systems

Introduction

Eliminating Non-Contact Resistivity

General Conclusions

Future Perspectives

Introduction: Toward Large-Scale Production

Food for Thought: Possible Applications of CNT/Polymer Composites?

What’s Next?

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science