Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: Science, Applications, and Challenges, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

Science, Applications, and Challenges, 1st Edition

Edited by Alejandro A. Franco

Jenny Stanford Publishing

616 pages | 13 Color Illus. | 229 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9789814310826
pub: 2013-07-09
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Description

This book focuses on the recent research progress on the fundamental understanding of the materials degradation phenomena in PEFC, for automotive applications. On a multidisciplinary basis, through contributions of internationally recognized researchers in the field, this book provides a complete critical review on crucial scientific topics related to PEFC materials degradation, and ensures a strong balance between experimental and theoretical analysis and preparation techniques with several practical applications for both the research and the industrial communities.

Table of Contents

Preface

PEMFC Technologies for Automotive Applications Nicolas Fouquet

A Brief History of PEMFC for the Automotive Industry

Automotive Requirements for PEM Fuel Cell Power Plants

The Importance of Reliable Modeling Tools

Conclusion

Advanced Technologies for Efficient and Low Catalyst Loading Electrodes Pascal Fugier, Etienne Quesnel, and Sebastien Donet

Introduction

CVD and Precursors Approach

Principles of cvd Process: MOCVD

Physical Vapor Deposition

Electrocatalysis on Shape-Controlled Pt Nanoparticles J. Solla-Gullón, F. J. Vidal-Iglesias, E. Herrero, J. M. Feliu, and A. Aldaz

Introduction

Synthesis of Shape-Controlled Pt Nanoparticles

Correlation between Surface Structure and Nanoparticle Shape

Electrocatalysis on Shape-Controlled Pt Nanoparticles

Additional Remarks

Conclusions and Outlook

Ex situ Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of PEFC Nanomaterial Degradation Deborah J. Myers and Xiaoping Wang

Introduction

Electrochemical Techniques

Ex situ Techniques/Configurations

Accelerated Electrochemical Stress Tests for PEFC Nanomaterial Durability

Examples of Electrochemical Characterization of PEFC Nanomaterial Degradation

Microstructural Characterization Methods of PEMFC Electrode Materials Zhong Xie

Introduction

Catalyst/Support and Electrode Characterization for PEMFC

Structural Characterization of Polymer Electrolyte Materials

Prospective and Outlook

Instability of Nanomaterials in PEFC Environments: A State of the Art Sarah Ball

Introduction

Decay Mechanisms at PEFC Cathode

Decay Mechanisms at the PEMFC Anode — Hydrogen and Reformate

Conclusions and Outlook

Innovative Support Materials for Low-Temperature Fuel Cell Catalysts Ernesto Rafael Gonzalez and Ermete Antolini

Introduction

Carbon

Ceramic

Polymer

Conclusions

Membrane Degradation Mechanisms in a Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Panagiotis Trogadas and Thomas F. Fuller

Introduction

Mechanical Degradation

Thermal Degradation

Chemical Degradation of PEM

Role of Metal Impurities in Chemical Degradation

Evidence of Preferential Degradation

Experimental Measurement of Chemical Degradation

Concluding Remarks

Effects of Fuel and Air Impurities on PEFC Performance Eben Dy, Zheng Shi, Khalid Fatih, Jiujun Zhang, and Zhong-Sheng Liu

Introduction

Fuel Side Impurities

Air Side Impurities

Mitigation Strategy

Summary

In situ Characterization Methods of PEMFC Materials Degradation Viktor Hacker, Eva Wallnöfer-Ogris, Harald Brandstätter, and Markus Perchthaler

Introduction

Hydrogen Diffusion: In situ Determination of Membrane Degradation

Polarization Curves and Performance

Open-Circuit Voltage

Fluoride Emission Rate

Cyclic Voltammetry

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Determination of the Local Electrochemical Potential

Exhaust Gas Analysis

Current Density Distribution

Multiscale Molecular Modeling of Degradation Phenomena in Catalyst Layers of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Kourosh Malek and Tetsuya Mashio

Introduction

Multiscale Molecular Modeling of CL

Pt Degradation and Molecular Modeling of Pt Stability and Pt–C Interactions

Meso-Scale Modeling of Carbon Corrosion in CLs

Concluding Remarks

Toward a Bottom-Up Multiscale Modeling Framework for the Transient Analysis of PEM Fuel Cells Operation Alejandro A. Franco

Introduction

Modeling of the Electrochemistry in PEMFCs

Modeling of Transport and Thermal Stresses in PEMFCs

Bottom-Up Multiscale Modeling of PEMFC

CFD Modeling of PEMFC

PEMFC Diagnostic Modeling

Summary and Challenges

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers