1st Edition

Polymer Processing Design, Printing and Applications of Multi-Dimensional Techniques

    222 Pages 70 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book covers polymer 3D printing through basics of technique and its implementation. It begins with the discussion on fundamentals of new-age printing, know-how of technology, methodology of printing, and product design perspectives. It includes aspects of CAD along with uses of Slicer software, image analysis software and MATLAB® programming in 3D printing of polymers. It covers choice of polymers for printing subject to their structure–property relationship, troubleshooting during printing, and possible uses of waste plastics and other waste materials.

    Key Features

    • Explores polymeric material printing and design
    • Provides information on the potential for the transformation and manufacturing, reuse and recycling of polymeric material
    • Includes comparison of 3D printing and injection moulding
    • Discusses CAD design and pertinent scaling-up process related to polymers
    • Offers basic strategies for improvement and troubleshooting of 3D printing

    This book is aimed at professionals and graduate students in polymer and mechanical engineering and materials science and engineering.

    Chapter 1: Fundamentals of New-Age Printing

      1. Concept Additive Manufacturing and Its Types
      2. What is 3D Printing?
      3. History of 3D Printing
      4. Present Scenario of 3D Printing

    1.4.1. Estimated growth of 3D printing in automotives from 2012 to 2025

    1.4.2. Accessible 3D Printing Material Options are Surging

    1.4.3. Potential areas of improvement


    Chapter 2: Basic Know-How about 3D Printing!

    2.1. Types of Major 3D Printing Technology

    2.2. Digital Light Processing (DLP)

    2.3. Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM)

    2.4. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)

    2.5. Electron Beam Melting (EBM)

    2.6. Binder Jetting and Material Jetting

    2.7. Drop on Demand

    2.8. The Desktop 3D Printer

    2.9. Open Source


    Chapter 3: Basic Learning of 3D Printing Process

    3.1 Basic Concepts of 3D Modelling

    3.2 Types of Modelling

    3.3 Design Strategies

    3.4 Architected Materials

    3.5 Stimuli-Responsive

    3.6 Multi-Material

    3.7 Functionally Graded

    3.8 How to Slice a Model

    3.9 Support Structures

    3.10 FDM vs SLA Slicing 

    3.11 Conclusion

    3.12 What is G-Code?

    3.13 Material Consideration

    3.14 Case Studies


    Chapter 4: Selection of Polymers for 3D Printing

    4.1 Materials Used in Photopolymerization Process

    4.2 Polyjet

    4.3 Digital Materials

    4.4 Electron Beam Melting

    4.5 Support Material

    4.6 Physical Structure of Polymers

    4.7 Inter-Polymer Forces


    Chapter 5: 3D Printing Vis-a-Vis Traditional Prototyping

    5.1. Moving away from Metal

    5.2. Cause of choosing polymers over metal

    5.3. Printing Computationally Complex Objects

    5.4. Printing Physically Big Objects

    5.5. Post Processing

    5.6. Troubleshooting

    5.7. Printing Defects and remedies

    5.8. Small Features Printing


    Chapter 6: Scopes for Using Waste Plastics

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. The Problem of Plastics

    6.3 Pollution by Plastics Additives

    6.4 Plastic Pollution Is a Human Health Issue

    6.5 How to Turn Plastic Waste into 3D Printing Profit

    6.6 Polymer Recycling in AM—an Opportunity for the Circular Economy

    6.7 Polymers/Composites Made from Recycled Materials Through FDM

    6.8 SCALE UP Studies

    6.9 The Future of 3D Printing in Manufacturing


    Chapter 7: 3D Printing Vs Injection Moulding

    7.1. Basics of injection moulding

    7.2. Injection molding equipment, moulds and process

    7.3. Different Type Injection moulding process

    7.4. Injection moulding process parameters

    7.5. Micron injection moulding

    7.6. Cons of Injection moulding

    7.7. Benefits of 3D Prining


    Chapter 8: Futuristic 3D Printing Applications

    8.1. 3D printing in classrooms

    8.2. Scientific visualisation

    8.3. Revolution in medical fields

    8.4. Challenges of digital construction

    8.5. Building Information Modeling (BIM)

    8.6. Problems relating to materials


    Chapter 9: Polymer 4D Printing–Future Perspective

    9.1. Introduction of 4D Printing

    9.2. Fundamentals of 4D Printing

    9.3. Factors responsible for 4D printing

    9.4. Laws of 4D printing

    9.5. Technology fundamentals of 3D and 4D printing

    9.6. Smart Materials

    9.7. 3D Printing vs 4D Printing

    9.8. 4D Printing Examples

    9.9. Different techniques of 4D printing

    9.10. Development of 4D printing

    9.11. How Qi’s 4D printing technology works

    9.12. Applications of 4D printing

    9.13. Advantages of 4D printing

    9.14. Disadvantages of 4D printing

    9.15. Motivations

    9.16. Future directions and opportunities



    Prof. Abhijit Bandyopadhyay is presently working as a full Professor in the Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta. Along with he is also acting as the Technical Director in the Board of Directors of South Asia Rubber and Polymers Park (SARPOL), West Bengal, India. Prof. Bandyopadhyay has published 110 papers in high impact international journals, authored 5 books and has filed two Indian patents so far. He is the Fellow of International Congress for Environmental Research, Associate Member of Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers and Life Members of Society for Polymer Science, Kolkata Chapter and Indian Rubber Institute. His research areas include polymer blend and composites, polymer nanocomposites, reactive blending, hyperbranched polymers, polymer hydrogels, waste-polymer composites and polymer 3D printing using fused deposition modelling.

    Mr. Rahul Chatterjee is a B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering and M.Tech in Mechatronics Engineering. He is currently pursuing doctoral research from the Department of Polymer Science & Technology at University of Calcutta, India. His research area includes CAD design and fused deposition modelling with thermoplastic and thermoplastic elastomeric materials. He has published 3 papers in peer reviewed international journals and currently undergoing internship program at Hari Shankar Singhania Elastomer and Tyre Research Institute (HASETRI), JK Tyre, Mysuru, India in Tyre design and Simulation group.