Polymeric Foams: Science and Technology, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Polymeric Foams

Science and Technology, 1st Edition

By Shau-Tarng Lee, Chul B. Park, N. S. Ramesh

CRC Press

220 pages | 126 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-08-21
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Description

Polymers are among the major hallmarks of 20th-century science, and the explosive outgrowth and tremendous importance of polymeric foams is a testament to their amazing versatility and unique properties. With applications from automotive to acoustic and medical, polymeric foams pervade all areas of our lives. If this growth is to continue into the new millennium, especially in light of stringent environmental regulations, a strong understanding of the basic science and the major technologies behind foam production is critical.

Written by experienced and accomplished leaders in the field, Polymeric Foams: Science and Technology provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, technologies, applications, and recent developments. The authors first outline the basic principles and fundamental foaming mechanisms, covering thermodynamics, kinetics, and the basics of blowing agents and foam formation. Foaming technologies and product applications then become the focus, with explanations of structure-property relationships, processing methods, and general types of foams. The book concludes with chapters on recent developments in composite and biodegradable foams that illustrate how to tailor processing to meet application needs.

Illuminating the role of polymeric foams in the modern materials landscape, Polymeric Foams: Science and Technology is the perfect guide for developing innovative materials that achieve better performance and regulatory compliance.

Reviews

"Illuminating the role of polymeric foams in the modern materials landscape, Polymeric Foams: Science and Technology is the perfect guide for developing innovative materials that achieve better performance and regulatory compliance."

– In Cellulose Chemistry &Technology, 2008, Vol. 42

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO POLYMERIC FOAMS

Basic Considerations on Foams, Foaming, and Foamed Polymers

History of Polymeric Foams

Foam Structure and Properties

Blowing Agents

Environmental Issues and Technical Challenges

Thermoplastic and Thermoset

Polymeric Foam Technology

Applications and Usage

THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS

Equilibrium

Super-Saturation

Reactions and their Kinetics

Melt/Gas Rheology

Crystallization Kinetics

Transport Phenomena: Diffusion and Permeation

FOAMING FUNDAMENTALS

Physical Blowing Agents

Chemical Blowing Agents

Reactive Foaming

Emulsion: Chemical Solution

Nucleation in Batch, Continuous, and Reaction Foaming

Growth

Cell Coalescence and Rupture

Solidification and Curing

GENERAL FOAM PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES

Foam Extrusion

Thermoset Reactive Foaming

Foam Injection Molding

X-Linked Polyolefin Foam

Molded Bead

Foamed Film

Areogel

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN FOAM STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES

Effects of Foam Density

Open Cell Content and Its Effects

Key Properties: Energy Absorption, Insulation, Sound Absorption, and Mechanical Properties

Cell Size Distribution and Its Effects

Dimensional Stability

Residual Blowing Agent

X-Linked Content

GENERAL POLYMERIC FOAMS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

Flexible and Rigid Polyurethane (PU) Foams

Polystyrene Foams: Sheet and Slab

Polyolefin Foams: PE, PP, and Blends

Other Foams

WOOD COMPOSITE FOAMS

Introduction

Challenges to and Processing Strategies for the Development of WPC Foams

WPC Foams in Batch Processing

Foaming of WPCs with Chemical Blowing Agents in Extrusion

Foaming of WPCs with Physical Blowing Agents (PBAs) in Extrusion

WPC Foams in Injection Molding

Innovative Stretching Technology and WPC Foams

Effects of Nano-Clay on WPC Foams and Their Flame Retardancy

Current Foaming Technology and Markets for WPC

Summary

BIODEGRADABLE FOAMS

Introduction

Definition of Biodegradability

Biodegradable Polymers

Advantages and Disadvantages

Degradation Mechanisms

Development of Biodegradable Foams

Extrusion of Novel Water Soluble PVOH Foams

Starch Foams

Polylactic Acid (PLA) Polymer

Future Work

Nomenclature

REFERENCES

INDEX

About the Series

Polymeric Foams

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers