This book provides an overview of the core research and theory on polyvictimization – exposure to multiple types of victimization that may have negative and potentially lifelong biopsychosocial impacts.
The contributors to the volume address such topics as measurement issues in how polyvictimization should be assessed and measured; developmental risks of early childhood polyvictimization for maltreated children in foster care; gender differences in polyvictimization and its consequences among juvenile justice-involved youth; the importance of trauma-focused treatment for polyvictimized youth in the juvenile justice system; and the nature of polyvictimization in the internet era.
Suited to readers who are new to the topic including graduate and undergraduate students, as well as researchers and clinicians who want a concise update on the latest empirical research from the frontiers of this field, this book provides findings and methodological innovations of interest to researchers and human service professionals. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Polyvictimization in childhood and its adverse impacts across the lifespan
Julian D. Ford and Brianna C. Delker
1. Poly-victimization from different methodological approaches using the juvenile victimization questionnaire: Are we identifying the same victims?
Anna Segura, Noemí Pereda, and Georgina Guilera
2. Polyvictimization and externalizing symptoms in foster care children: The moderating role of executive function
Sarah R. Horn, Leslie E. Roos, Kathryn G. Beauchamp, Jessica E. Flannery, and Philip A. Fisher
3. PTSD and dissociation symptoms as mediators of the relationship between polyvictimization and psychosocial and behavioral problems among justice-involved adolescents
Julian D. Ford, Ruby Charak, Crosby A. Modrowski, and Patricia K. Kerig
4. Testing gender-differentiated models of the mechanisms linking polyvictimization and youth offending: Numbing and callousness versus dissociation and borderline traits
Patricia K. Kerig and Crosby A. Modrowski
5. When stress becomes the new normal: Alterations in attention and autonomic reactivity in repeated traumatization
Sarah Herzog, Wendy D’Andrea, Jonathan DePierro, and Vivian Khedari
6. Digital poly-victimization: The increasing importance of online crime and harassment to the burden of victimization
Sherry Hamby, Zach Blount, Alli Smith, Lisa Jones, Kimberly Mitchell, and Elizabeth Taylor
Julian D. Ford is a board certified clinical psychologist, a fellow of the American Psychological Association, and Professor of Psychiatry and Law at the University of Connecticut, USA, where he is Director of the Center for Trauma Recovery and Juvenile Justice and the Center for the Treatment of Developmental Trauma Disorders. He is President of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies; and an Associate Editor for the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation and European Journal of Psychotraumatology. He is the author or editor of 10 books, including Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (2009, 2nd Edition), Treating Complex Trauma: A Sequenced, Relationship-Based Approach and Treating Complex Traumatic Stress Disorders in Children (with Christine Courtois, 2012) and Adolescents: Scientific Foundations and Therapeutic Models (with Christine Courtois, 2013).
Brianna C. Delker is Assistant Professor of Psychology at Western Washington University in Bellingham, WA, USA. At Western, Dr. Delker directs the THRIVE Lab (Theory, Healing, and Research on Interpersonal Violence Exposure), serves as a Research Associate at the Center for Cross-Cultural Research, and teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in clinical, developmental, and trauma psychology. She also serves on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation.