Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Polyynes

Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, 1st Edition

Edited by Franco Cataldo

CRC Press

528 pages | 225 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2005-08-29
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Description

Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications compiles information found scattered throughout the literature in inorganic, organic, and polymer chemistry into one cohesive volume.

In addition to being a precursor of fullerenes, polyynes are one of the key precursors in the formation of soot and carbon dust, or elemental carbon in the galaxy, and their properties can be linked to interstellar band phenomena and other astrophysical behavior. More than 1,000 organic molecules produced by plants, fungi, and other microorganisms are also classified as polyynes, playing a biological role in nature that may be used in the treatment of diseases as antibiotics, anticancer, or anti-infective agents. Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications covers breakthrough discoveries, particularly the simplified synthesis of polyynes in solution stabilized by using appropriate end groups and carbon films achieved using chemical, electrochemical, and other sophisticated techniques. The book explains in great detail the conditions, apparatus, and experimental procedures to synthesize polyynes with consistent and reproducible results.

By presenting new and unpublished results along with recent discoveries and theories, Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications reflects the thriving research status of polyynes in various disciplines as well as new ideas and guidelines for future research, discoveries, and applications of these molecules.

Reviews

"The strength of this collection is that it captures the full breadth of the field, including bulk and small-molecule synthesis, computational modeling, and studies ranging from astrochemistry and mineralogy to materials science and drug design…useful to chemists who want to learn more about how other scientists think about polyynes and the putative linear allotrope of carbon, carbyne. Because so many of the chapters were contributed by the editor, this book has more continuity than many edited volumes."

-Nancy S. Goroff, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2006

Table of Contents

Preface

Editor

Contributors

Carbon Chain Molecules in Cryogenic Matrices; T. Wakabayashi and W. Krätschmer

Synthesis and Characterization of Carbynoid Structures in Cluster-Assembled Carbon Films; L. Ravagnan, F. Siviero, E. Salis, P. Piseri, P. Milani, C. Lenardi, A. Li Bassi, C.S. Casari and C.E. Bottani

Epitaxial Growth by D.C. Magnetron Sputtering of Carbyne (Chaoite) Microcrystals on CVD-Deposited Polycrystalline Diamond; R.B. Heimann, I. Burlacov, J.I. Kleiman, and S. Horodetsky

Electrochemical Synthesis of Carbyne-Like Materials and Other Nanocarbons; L. Kavan

Synthesis of Carbynoid Structures by the Combustion Flame Method; J.-B. Donnet, H. Oulanti, R. Wey, T. Le Huu, W.C. Cun, and L. Vidal

Cyclic Polyynes: Generation, Characterization, and Reactions; Y. Tobe and T. Wakabayashi

Formation of C2nH2 Polyynes by Laser Ablation of Graphite, Coal or C60 Particles Suspended in Selected Solvents; M. Tsuji, S. Kuboyama, T. Tsuji, and T. Hamagami

Polyynes: Synthesis with the Submerged Electric Arc; F. Cataldo

Polyynes (C2nH2, n= 2-5) and Other Products from Laser-Ablated Graphite: A Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopic Study in Combination with One-Photon Ionization; T. Wakabayashi, Y. Kato, T. Momose, and T. Shida

Polyyne-Type Materials; M. Kijima

Carbon Material with a Highly Ordered Linear-Chain Structure; V.G. Babaev, M.B. Guseva, N.D. Novikov, V.V. Khvostov, and P. Flood

Synthesis of Carbynoid Materials by Chemical Dehydrohalogenation of Halogen-Containing Polymers; S.E. Evsyukov

Ion Irradiation of Solid Carbons; G. Strazzulla, G.A. Baratta, S. Battiato, and G. Compagnini

Cyanoalkynes and Cyanopolyynes: From Crossed Beam Experiments to Astrochemistry; N. Balucani and R.I. Kaiser

Synthesis of Monocyanopolyynes and Dicyanopolyynes with the Submerged Electric Arc; F. Cataldo

Natural Carbynes, Including Chaoite, on Earth, in Meteorites, Comets, Circumstellar and Interstellar Dust; Frans J.M. Rietmeijer and A. Rotundi

Structures and Other Properties of Polyynes and their Isomers: Theoretical and Experimental Results; D. Heymann and F. Cataldo

Polyynes: Possible Bulk Synthesis and Chemical Properties; F. Cataldo

From Natural to Rationally Designed Artificial Enediynes: Towards New Anticancer Antibiotics Activable at Will; G. Guanti, L. Banfi, A. Basso, and R. Riva

Polyynes: Simple Synthesis in Solution Through the Glaser Reaction; F. Cataldo and Y. Keheyan

Abbreviations

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013030
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Inorganic
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science