Population-Level Ecological Risk Assessment: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Population-Level Ecological Risk Assessment

1st Edition

By Lawrence W. Barnthouse, Wayne R. Munns, Jr., Mary T. Sorensen

CRC Press

376 pages | 37 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2007-09-25
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Description

Most ecological risk assessments consider the risk to individual organisms or organism-level attributes. From a management perspective, however, risks to population-level attributes and processes are often more relevant. Despite many published calls for population risk assessment and the abundance of available scientific research and technical tools assessing risks to populations, risk assessors worldwide still have difficulty determining how population level considerations can be integrated into environmental decision-making.

Population-Level Ecological Risk Assessment establishes a framework for goals, methods, and data needs for different assessment applications and for integrating population-level risk assessment into risk management decisions. Beginning with a summary of legal, regulatory, business, and other contexts, the book presents population-level ecological risk assessment as an internationally recognized, science-based tool and offers specific recommendations for using this tool to support environmental management decisions. It gives clear, explicit, operational population assessment definitions and explains the relevance of density dependence, genetics, and spatial considerations, as well as applicable lessons from conservation biology and natural resource management.

The authors provide a "tool box" of empirical and modeling methods and describe the general approaches, assumptions, data requirements, strengths, and limitations of each method. They establish a working foundation for designing and conducting population-level ecological risk assessments consistent with North American, European, and Japanese risk management approaches. The book concludes by highlighting key considerations needed to improve the scientific quality and interpretation of assessments. Detailed appendices include examples of population-level assessment approaches applicable to specific environmental management contexts, a modeling case study, and a supplemental reading list.

Reviews

Practitioners of ecological risk assessment owe it to themselves to read this book.

–Glenn Suter, SETAC Reviews Editor, in Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Vol. 4, No. 2

Table of Contents

Introduction, L.W. Barnthouse, W.R. Munns, Jr., and M.T. Sorensen

THE MANAGEMENT-SCIENCE INTERFACE

Managing Risk to Ecologic Populations, G.R. Biddinger, P. Calow, P. Delorme, G. Harris, B. Hope, B.L. Lin, M. Sorensen, and P. van den Brink

Population Protection Goals, C. Menzie, N. Bettinger, A. Fritz, L. Kapustka, H. Regan, V. Møller, and H. Noel

SCIENTIFIC ISSUES IN POPULATION-LEVEL ECOLOGIC RISK ASSESSMENT

Density Dependence in Ecologic Risk Assessment, S.J. Moe

Genetic Variation in Population-Level Ecologic Risk Assessment, D. Nacci and A. Hoffman

The Spatial Structure of Populations and Ecologic Risk Assessment, W.G. Landis, and A. Deines

What Conservation Biology and Natural Resource Management Can Offer Population-Level Ecologic Risk Assessment, J.A. Gervais and H.M. Regan

APPROACHES TO POPULATION-LEVEL ECOLOGIC RISK ASSESSMENT

Empiric Approaches to Population-Level Ecologic Risk Assessment, T.M. Carlsen, P.F. Chapman, S. Brassfield, N. Elmegaard, A. Hoffman, W. Landis, S. J. Moe, D. Nacci, H.M. Noel, and J. Spromburg

Modeling Approaches to Population-Level Ecologic Risk Assessment, W.R. Munns, Jr., J.A. Gervais, A.A. Hoffman, U. Hommen, D.E. Nacci, M. Nakamaru, R. Sibly, and C.J. Topping

A Framework for Population-Level ERA, R. Wentsel, N. Beyer, V. Forbes, S. Maund, and R. Pastorok

A PATH FORWARD

Issues and Recommendations, W.R. Munns, Jr, L.W. Barnthouse, and M.T. Sorensen

REFERENCES AND APPENDICES

References

Appendix 1

Decision Context Scenarios

Appendix 2

Workshop Exercise: Application of 2 Modeling Techniques in a Theoretical Assessment for Agricultural Pesticide Registration

Appendix 3

Supplemental Reading List

About the Authors

Barnthouse\, Lawrence W.; Munns\, Jr.\, Wayne R.; Sorensen\, Mary T.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW034000
LAW / Environmental
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General