1st Edition

Population Under Duress Geodemography Of Post-soviet Russia

    The demographic history of twentieth-century Russia has been marked by a series of tragedies. Calamitous wars, revolutions, civil strife, and political murders have resulted in unparalleled mortality rates, depressed fertility rates, and sadly unprecedented demographic patterns of all types. This volume explores the most recent problems afflicting the Russian population in the post?Cold War era.The demise of the Soviet Union has brought new hardships?the collapse of the health-care system, internal strife, and economic disruptions?to the people and has deeply affected demographic processes throughout Russia. The contributors explore key trends, from increasing mortality rates and decreasing birth rates to refugee flows into Russia and the ?brain drain? out of Russia. Problems of aging, increased infant mortality, and urban and rural population change are discussed in detail for each major region.Rarely has there been a better opportunity to examine the spatial, economic, psychological, and political factors contributing to demographic stress in a current setting. These demographic processes are not only unique as a domestic social phenomenon but are also immensely significant in their global impact, influencing international migration and foreign aid.

    Preface Overview * Age Structures of the Former Soviet Republics Victoria A. Velkoff. * The Demographic Situation in Post-Soviet Russia Victor Perevedentsev. Basic Demographic Processes * Fertility and Nuptiality in Russia: Problems and Prospects Sergey Zakharov. * Russian Mortality: Past Negative Trends and Recent Improvements Anatoly Vishnevsky and Vladimir Shkolnikov. * The Geodemography of Infant Mortality in the Soviet Union, 1950-1990 Barbara A. Anderson and Brian D. Silver. Migration and Conflict * Recent Migration Trends in Russia Zhanna Zayonchkovskaya. * Chinese Demographic Expansion into Russia: Myth or Inevitability? Zhanna Zayonchkovskaya. * Potential Migration of Russian Speaking Population from Central Asia to Russia Galina Vitkovskaya. * The Causes and Demographic-Social Consequences of Inter-Ethnic and Regional Conflicts in the Post-Soviet Union Vladimir Mukomel and Emil Payin. Urban and Rural Processes * Turning Points and Trends in Russias Urbanization Olga Medvedkov and Yuri Medvedkov. * Rural Population Change and Agriculture Grigory Ioffe and Tatyana Nefedova. * Conclusion


    George J Demko, Dartmouth College; Grigory Ioffe, Radford University; Zhanna Zayonchkovskaya Russian Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Labor