During the 19th century, the engineering of ports and harbours became a large and specialised branch of the profession. This development began in ports in physically difficult locations and may be particularly identified with the growth of the Port of Liverpool. Stimulated by the arrival of ever-larger steamships and the heavy investment in port facilities that they demanded, it spread around much of the world. The opening papers give examples of what could be achieved in antiquity; the following ones set out the advances in design and technology from 1700 to the start of this century - and note some of the failures and recurrent problems. They also illustrate the critical importance of political and economic factors in determining what the engineers achieved.
'This book presents an invaluable reference collection for the study of civil engineering.' Sea Technology Magazine 'Jarvis’ introduction provides an excellent context for the papers included in the volume. He also provides a useful select bibliography…The volume has name and place indices and a subject index, all of which are helpful. Overall, therefore, this is a valuable collection which should stimulate further interest in what is already a growing field of historical study.' The Northern Mariner 'There is probably no one more qualified than Adrian Jarvis to edit a selection of papers on the history of ports…[an] extremely useful collection….' International Journal of Maritime History 'The aim of Ashgate's twelve volume series is to bring together collections of important papers on particular topics from scholarly journals, conference proceedings and other hard-to-access sources. This is a wholly laudable objective. Some of the papers in the volume under review [The Civil Engineering of Canals and Railways before 1850] cannot be found even in abundantly-resourced academic libraries. The series opens up, directly or indirectly, debates over the nature of historical evidence which arise from the profoundly different approaches to the past of historians of technology, whose works are principally represented in these volumes, industrial archaeologists and social and economic historians.' Industrial Archaeology Review, Vol. XXI, No. 1 '… the collection will prove a most valuable resource.' The Mariner's Mirror
Contents: Introduction; The development of harbour and dock engineering, C. Kirkpatrick; Presidential address, Sir Leopold Halliday Saville, K.C.B. (President ICE, 1940-41) Do docks make trade?: the case of the port of Great Grimsby, G. Jackson; The engineers of Sunderland harbour, 1718-1817, A.W. Skempton; The construction of Ramsgate Harbour, R.B. Matkin; Thomas Steers, M. Clarke; The engineering history of Hull’s earliest docks, M.W. Baldwin; Joseph Whidbey and the building of the Plymouth breakwater, J. Naish; G.P. Bidder at the London Dock extension works, 1826-28, E.F. Clark; Building the Millwall Docks, P. Guillery; Nineteenth-century engineers in the port of Bristol, R.A. Buchanan; The improvement of the River Tyne, 1815-1914, R.W. Rennison; G.F. Lyster and the role of the dock engineer, 1861-97, A. Jarvis; Beyond the river wall: the attack on the Mersey Bar,1890-1923 A. Jarvis; The first harbour works at Port Natal: the role of John Milne from 1849 to 1857, L. Twyman; Imperial ports and the modern world economy: the case of the Indian Ocean, F. Broeze, P. Reeves and K. McPherson; The development of the port of Fremantle, Australia’s western gateway, M.T. Tull; Index.
From dams to cathedrals, from water supply to transport systems, and from land drainage to the design and construction of ever larger and more monumental buildings, the impact of civil engineering on human history has been immense. This series sets out to examine key aspects of its history, from antiquity to the early 20th century.
Studies in the History of Civil Engineering focuses on the following areas: the analysis of early structures to discover how ancient or medieval builders used the materials available to them, and the principles upon which they worked; the ideas and practices of design as employed by both engineers and architects; the development of new materials and techniques, from wooden trusses to cast iron and concrete; the investigation of the great engineering projects that began to burgeon with the 18th century, first in Britain, then elsewhere, underpinned by advances in science which provided a new theoretical framework upon which to base the engineering.
These volumes reveal the implications for the history of architecture of choices of material, technique and structure. They aim also to reflect the political and economic constraints which so often shaped what could be achieved, and the inter-relationship between the history of civil engineering and economic history: the engineering was both stimulated by, and made possible the spread of industrialization.
Not least, the series is concerned to examine the lives, attitudes and careers of the men who emerged to form the new profession of the engineer. Studies in the History of Civil Engineering comprises 12 volumes. Each focuses on a particular topic, edited by an expert in that field. They reprint a selection of papers which have proved of particular importance, and which exemplify the current state of knowledge and the historiography. Originally published in wide range of scholarly journals, conference proceedings and the like, many hard to consult, these papers are now reprinted together under hard covers, making them readily accessible, even for non-specialists. Each volume opens with a substantial new introduction by the editor, to assess the field and place the papers in their context, and is fully indexed. The series constitutes an authoritative reference library, not just for those interested in the history of civil engineering, but also those studying economic history and the history of science and, above all, of architecture.