1st Edition

Power-Sharing Empirical and Normative Challenges

Edited By Allison McCulloch, John McGarry Copyright 2017
    312 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    312 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Power-sharing is an important political strategy for managing protracted conflicts and it can also facilitate the democratic accommodation of difference. Despite these benefits, it has been much criticised, with claims that it is unable to produce peace and stability, is ineffective and inefficient, and obstructs other peacebuilding values, including gender equality.

    This edited collection aims to enhance our understanding of the utility of power-sharing in deeply divided places by subjecting power-sharing theory and practice to empirical and normative analysis and critique. Its overarching questions are:

    • Do power-sharing arrangements enhance stability, peace and cooperation in divided societies?
    • Do they do so in ways that promote effective governance?
    • Do they do so in ways that promote justice, fairness and democracy?

    Utilising a broad range of global empirical case studies, it provides a space for dialogue between leading and emerging scholars on the normative questions surrounding power-sharing. Distinctively, it asks proponents of power-sharing to think critically about its weaknesses.

    This text will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of power-sharing, ethnic politics, democracy and democratization, peacebuilding, comparative constitutional design, and more broadly Comparative Politics, International Relations and Constitutional and Comparative Law.

    Introduction: Contemporary Challenges to Power-Sharing Theory and Practice

    Allison McCulloch

    1. Centripetalism, Consociationalism and Cyprus: The "Adoptability" Question
    2. John McGarry

    3. Power-Sharing in Kenya: Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea
    4. Nic Cheeseman and Christina Murray

    5. Power-Sharing Executives: Consociational and Centripetal Formulae and the Case of Northern Ireland
    6. John McGarry and Brendan O’Leary

    7. Consociationalism in the Brussels Capital Region: Dis-Proportional Representation and the Accommodation of National Minorities
    8. Thibaud Bodson and Neophytos Loizides

    9. Mandatory Power-Sharing in Coup-Prone Fiji
    10. Jon Fraenkel

    11. Ethnic Power-Sharing Coalitions and Democratization
    12. Nils-Christian Bormann

    13. Lebanon: How Civil War Transformed Consociationalism
    14. Matthijs Bogaards

    15. Power-Sharing in Burundi: An Enduring Miracle?
    16. Stef Vandeginste

    17. Mostar as Microcosm: Power-Sharing in Post-War Bosnia
    18. Sumantra Bose

    19. Power-Sharing and the Pursuit of Good Governance
    20. Joanne McEvoy

    21. Good Fences Make Good Neighbours: Assessing the Role of Consociational Politics in Transitional Justice
    22. Kristian Brown and Fionnuala Ni Aolain

    23. Gendering Power-Sharing

    Siobhan Byrne and Allison McCulloch

    Conclusion: What Explains the Performance of Power-Sharing Settlements?

    John McGarry


    Allison McCulloch is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Brandon University, Canada. Her research explores the processes and institutions that facilitate the building of democracy and stability in deeply divided places, with a particular emphasis on power-sharing.

    John McGarry is Professor of Political Studies and Canada Research Chair in Nationalism and Democracy in the Department of Political Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada. His academic work is mainly concerned with the design of political institutions in deeply divided places.