Power-Sharing: Empirical and Normative Challenges (Hardback) book cover

Power-Sharing

Empirical and Normative Challenges

Edited by Allison McCulloch, John McGarry

© 2017 – Routledge

300 pages | 1 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138640368
pub: 2017-04-19
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Description

Power-sharing is an important political strategy for managing protracted conflicts and it can also facilitate the democratic accommodation of difference. Despite these benefits, it has been much criticised, with claims that it is unable to produce peace and stability, is ineffective and inefficient, and obstructs other peacebuilding values, including gender equality.

This edited collection aims to enhance our understanding of the utility of power-sharing in deeply divided places by subjecting power-sharing theory and practice to empirical and normative analysis and critique. Its overarching questions are:

  • Do power-sharing arrangements enhance stability, peace and cooperation in divided societies?
  • Do they do so in ways that promote effective governance?
  • Do they do so in ways that promote justice, fairness and democracy?

Utilising a broad range of global empirical case studies, it provides a space for dialogue between leading and emerging scholars on the normative questions surrounding power-sharing. Distinctively, it asks proponents of power-sharing to think critically about its weaknesses.

This text will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of power-sharing, ethnic politics, democracy and democratization, peacebuilding, comparative constitutional design, and more broadly Comparative Politics, International Relations and Constitutional and Comparative Law.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Contemporary Challenges to Power-Sharing Theory and Practice

Allison McCulloch

  1. Centripetalism, Consociationalism and Cyprus: The "Adoptability" Question
  2. John McGarry

  3. Power-Sharing in Kenya: Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea
  4. Nic Cheeseman and Christina Murray

  5. Power-Sharing Executives: Consociational and Centripetal Formulae and the Case of Northern Ireland
  6. John McGarry and Brendan O’Leary

  7. Consociationalism in the Brussels Capital Region: Dis-Proportional Representation and the Accommodation of National Minorities
  8. Thibaud Bodson and Neophytos Loizides

  9. Mandatory Power-Sharing in Coup-Prone Fiji
  10. Jon Fraenkel

  11. Ethnic Power-Sharing Coalitions and Democratization
  12. Nils-Christian Bormann

  13. Lebanon: How Civil War Transformed Consociationalism
  14. Matthijs Bogaards

  15. Power-Sharing in Burundi: An Enduring Miracle?
  16. Stef Vandeginste

  17. Mostar as Microcosm: Power-Sharing in Post-War Bosnia
  18. Sumantra Bose

  19. Power-Sharing and the Pursuit of Good Governance
  20. Joanne McEvoy

  21. Good Fences Make Good Neighbours: Assessing the Role of Consociational Politics in Transitional Justice
  22. Kristian Brown and Fionnuala Ni Aolain

  23. Gendering Power-Sharing

Siobhan Byrne and Allison McCulloch

Conclusion: What Explains the Performance of Power-Sharing Settlements?

John McGarry

About the Editors

Allison McCulloch is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Brandon University, Canada. Her research explores the processes and institutions that facilitate the building of democracy and stability in deeply divided places, with a particular emphasis on power-sharing.

John McGarry is Professor of Political Studies and Canada Research Chair in Nationalism and Democracy in the Department of Political Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada. His academic work is mainly concerned with the design of political institutions in deeply divided places.

About the Series

Routledge Studies on Challenges, Crises and Dissent in World Politics

This new series focuses on major issues that have surfaced in recent years, and which will pose significant and complex challenges to inter/national politics in the next few decades. While we are open to any exciting ideas for edited, single or co-authored work, we are particularly interested in book proposals that explore dissent and crises in world politics and challenge our current understanding of global order. We are open to a wide range of theoretical and methodological approaches including critical and postmodern studies and further relate to following themes:

  • The challenge to Western hegemony - The rise of China, India, Brazil and the revival of Russia have powerful impacts on the nature of what has long been regarded as a fixed point in IR – a common (Western, and mainly liberal) understanding of global order. The growing self-confidence of the BRICS and others as well as the emerging focus on everyday phenomena and subnational actors/groups in international politics, however, show that Western dominant views are increasingly questioned. Can a common foundation of values, ideas and interests emerge from these multifaceted challenges to Western power and values?
  • The challenge to inter/national and regional governability - The economic recession, environmental problems such as climate change, the decision of the American-led coalition to go to war in Iraq without Security Council approval, the threat of ISIS, the failure of the EU Constitution and later the Lisbon Treaty to secure popular approval and the inability of the UN to make much difference to many problems have all exposed serious deficiencies in the regional and global governance instruments that many once saw as the basis of a ‘new world order’. Is this merely a pause in an inevitable progress towards further global and regional integration or are we facing some more fundamental problems associated with the rise of multiple heterogonous and intertwined orders in global politics? How do these increasing frictions and crises impede the maintenance of national coherence in Western and non-Western states?
  • Ideologies, Religion, Nationalism and Extremism - A consequence of globalisation has been an attempt to reaffirm various local or particular identities in response to perceived challenges of globalisation, such as migration, economic restructuring, the spread of Western values and the decline of traditional morality. Illustrations of this phenomenon include the rise of Islamist politics as well as other forms of religious fundamentalism, the emergence of protest movements on the ground and growing digital communities, the rise of far right parties/groups in many countries and the question of internet and information security. How might these phenomena damage the prospects of a shared multilateral (or global?) framework of assumptions and common interests that most would see as essential to effective global governance?
  • Changing World and the lack of leadership – The world we are living in is characterized by a growing amount of uncertainties. Crises and contingency seem to emerge as the "new normal" of inter/national politics. It is thus increasingly hard for political leaders to translate power into outcomes. In this book series, we also invite contributions by former or current practitioners, policy advisors and scholars who are working in the field of academic/policy-divide to elaborate particularly their view on dissent and crises in current world affairs.

If you have an idea for a new book in Routledge Series on Dissent and Crises in World Politics, please send a written proposal to the Series Editors:

Karoline Postel-Vinay karoline.postelvinay@sciencespo.fr

Nadine Godehardt nadine.godehardt@swp-berlin.org

For guidance on how to structure your proposal, please visit: www.routledge.com/info/authors

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General